Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories

Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories

Advanced nursing practice has continued to leverage the usage of nursing theories as a tool. Two of the most fundamental nursing theories that have received widespread application in advanced nursing practice include Orem’s Self-Care Theory and Jean Watson’s Theory of human caring. These two theories vary based on their intent, scope and goals. Orem’s Self-Care theory is organized and also properly structured in three categories including the process of nursing, the self-care deficit, and self-care (In Alligood, 2014). Watson’s theory of human caring on the other hand is complex as numerous of the notions involved herein propose theoretical examinations concerning the definitions of spirituality, healing, growing, morality, caring as well as what is regarded human (Sitzman & Watson, 2014). The theory espoused by Watson offers a framework which embraces hum

Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories

Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories

anities, science, spirituality, and art that are contingent upon abstract and biased perceptions. The objective of Watson’s theory entails utilization of abstract and biased undertaking to in the usage of transpersonal caring as he states that the rapport between a patient and a nurse depends on the nurse inspiring hope and faith to the patient. However, Orem’s theory’s objective rests on the usage of evidence-based practice to undertake various nursing practices. Therefore, the two theories differ based on their scope, objective, and intent.

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            Based on the above differences, I believe that Orem’s Self-Care Theory may be more relevant in my future

practice as a nurse educator. The reason for this is that it encompasses objectivity in its operation. The theory has been shown to outline structural foundation concerning many evidence-based practices including the process of nursing (In Alligood, 2014). This occurs through evaluation of the process via researching objective statics in health care environment and patient results. Orem’s theory thus supports the assertion made by DeNisco and Baker (2016) that theory should be used to guide nursing practice. Therefore, Orem’s Self-Care Theory appears more suited to my future practice.

Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories Reference

DeNisco, S. M., & Baker, A. M. (2016). Advanced practice nursing: Essential knowledge for theprofession (3 ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

In Alligood, M. R. (2014). Nursing theorists and their work. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier.

Sitzman, K., & Watson, J. (2014). Caring science, mindful practice: Implementing Watson’s human caring theory. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

Based on the required readings for this week, previous lessons and experience as a nurse, it is evident that nursing theory is necessary for nurses to offer quality care and navigate patient needs in the ever transforming and complex nursing profession. Nursing theory provides a framework that guides the nursing practice in using concepts and relationships in patient evaluations and interventions (Butts & Rich, 2018). If nursing practice lacked theory, possibly, there will be loss of separation and clear distinction of the profession. Society has historically considered nursing as a vocational occupation and not a profession where nurses are expected to carry orders by physicians and clinical officers, especially in developing countries, without any form of accountability. However, through the development of theory as proposed by Nightingale in her notes over a century back, nursing is now an evolving profession and academic discipline as well as a science. Pioneers in the profession established nursing theories and models to emphasize the role of nursing profession in enhancing patient outcomes and quality healthcare delivery. Nurses possess critical thinking and scientific knowledge as well as ideas that they can use to improve patient care delivery (Gilbert, 2020). They can develop individualized interventions focused on health promotion, disease prevention and long-term care for patients with terminal conditions.

Nursing theories help to instill identity in nurses, enabling patients and other healthcare providers and professionals as well as managers to appreciate nurses’ roles and individual contributions to healthcare promotion and patient quality care. Nursing theories allow nurses to offer patient-centered care, utilize evidence-based practice interventions in health promotion, and development of professional values and work ethics to attain better patient outcomes (Younas & Quennell, 2019). Nursing theory empowers nurses to understand the transforming health system, address the expanding care demand and improve professional knowledge and skills to attain better patient care. Evidence shows that the use of theory provides structure and organization to nursing knowledge and offers a systemic means of collecting information and data to describe, explain, and predict trends that will shape the nursing practice like the increased of health technologies through telemedicine among others.

Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories References

Butts, B. J. & Rich, L. K. (2018). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing

practice (3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Gilbert, H. A. (2020). Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory and its influence on

contemporary infection control. Collegian, 27(6), 626–633.

Younas, A., & Quennell, S. (2019). Usefulness of nursing theory‐guided practice: an integrative

review. Scandinavian journal of caring sciences, 33(3), 540-555.

DOI: 10.1111/scs.12670.