Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary

NURS 8100 Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary

Walden University Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary-Step-By-Step Guide


This guide will demonstrate how to complete the Walden University  Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary  assignment based on general principles of academic writing. Here, we will show you the A, B, Cs of completing an academic paper, irrespective of the instructions. After guiding you through what to do, the guide will leave one or two sample essays at the end to highlight the various sections discussed below.


How to Research and Prepare for  Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary


Whether one passes or fails an academic assignment such as the Walden University   Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary depends on the preparation done beforehand. The first thing to do once you receive an assignment is to quickly skim through the requirements. Once that is done, start going through the instructions one by one to clearly understand what the instructor wants. The most important thing here is to understand the required format—whether it is APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.


After understanding the requirements of the paper, the next phase is to gather relevant materials. The first place to start the research process is the weekly resources. Go through the resources provided in the instructions to determine which ones fit the assignment. After reviewing the provided resources, use the university library to search for additional resources. After gathering sufficient and necessary resources, you are now ready to start drafting your paper.


How to Write the Introduction for  Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary


The introduction for the Walden University   Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary is where you tell the instructor what your paper will encompass. In three to four statements, highlight the important points that will form the basis of your paper. Here, you can include statistics to show the importance of the topic you will be discussing. At the end of the introduction, write a clear purpose statement outlining what exactly will be contained in the paper. This statement will start with “The purpose of this paper…” and then proceed to outline the various sections of the instructions.


How to Write the Body for  Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary 


After the introduction, move into the main part of the  Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary assignment, which is the body. Given that the paper you will be writing is not experimental, the way you organize the headings and subheadings of your paper is critically important. In some cases, you might have to use more subheadings to properly organize the assignment. The organization will depend on the rubric provided. Carefully examine the rubric, as it will contain all the detailed requirements of the assignment. Sometimes, the rubric will have information that the normal instructions lack.


Another important factor to consider at this point is how to do citations. In-text citations are fundamental as they support the arguments and points you make in the paper. At this point, the resources gathered at the beginning will come in handy. Integrating the ideas of the authors with your own will ensure that you produce a comprehensive paper. Also, follow the given citation format. In most cases, APA 7 is the preferred format for nursing assignments.


How to Write the Conclusion for  Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary


After completing the main sections, write the conclusion of your paper. The conclusion is a summary of the main points you made in your paper. However, you need to rewrite the points and not simply copy and paste them. By restating the points from each subheading, you will provide a nuanced overview of the assignment to the reader.


How to Format the References List for  Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary


The very last part of your paper involves listing the sources used in your paper. These sources should be listed in alphabetical order and double-spaced. Additionally, use a hanging indent for each source that appears in this list. Lastly, only the sources cited within the body of the paper should appear here.

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Discussion 1: Policy Analysis Summary

The purpose of this discussion post is to provide information on a health care topic of interest to policy makers.  The policy brief development around staff staffing for our hospitals is a point of interest that should be brought to attention on a larger scale.  The writer would like to discussion Michigan specifically regarding safe staffing in hospitals.  The problem is there is no law in Michigan, that limits the number of patients a registered nurse can be assigned or the number of hours registered nurses are forced to work.

Some ICU’s in Michigan, a registered nurse may have up to four patients at a time but in other Michigan hospitals the registered nurse may have a limit of one to two.  “The risk of dying in the ICU increases by a factor of 3.5 when the patient-to-nurse ratio is greater than 2.5 to 1” (Neuraz et al., 2015).  Registered nurses are reporting that their workload is rarely or never adjusted when they report having an unsafe assignment.  Michigan hospitals do not have to disclose current staffing levels.  Registered nurses can be fired for refusing to work longer hours because administration classifies this as patient abandonment – this could also lead to the nurse losing their license.  Scientific studies provide evidence of the link between inadequate registered nurse staffing and poor outcomes for hospital patients. Evidence supports:  “The risk of death from cardiac arrest in the hospital is nearly 20% higher on the night shift, when RN staffing typically lower” (Peberdy et al., 2008).  Additionally, not only do patients have a higher risk of dying of cardiac arrest due to staffing they also have an increase risk of getting an infection during their hospital stay.  “Patients cared for in hospitals with higher RN staffing were 68% less likely to acquire infections” (Rogowski et al., 2013).

The involvement of Michigan Nurse Association has been a positive push towards the resolution of the staffing issues that Michigan hospitals have.  The primary two things that MNA has done to support the Safe Patient Care Act: Connect members with legislators to share their stories and grown bipartisan support for the legislation and recruited the most cosponsors in the legislation’s history.  The bipartisan Safe Patient Care Act is a plan to increase the safety of patients in Michigan hospitals and retain our nurses in an already stressful environment.  The issue at hand is that there is no law that limits the number of patients a registered nurse can be assigned to take care of in the hospital. This is not only alarming nut is very unsafe for both the patient and nurse.  There is also no law to prevent hospitals from making nurses work unlimited hours (leading to shifts of 14, 16 or even 20 hours).  Nurses are becoming exhausted and stressed which increases the risk of mistakes and errors which is a very dangerous situation.  Quality care and patient advocacy is a priority of the registered nurse.  Understaffing and being overworked leads to unplanned events such as falls, infections, medication errors and deaths.  There is a solution to lowering these risks and making a safer environment for our patients and registered nurses.  “The Michigan Safe Patient Care Act is a 3-part bipartisan package in the state House and Senate that addresses rampant RN understaffing and excessive forced RN overtime. It will force administrators to make decisions based on patients’ needs, rather than misguided cost-cutting in the hospital industry” (MI Nurse Association, 2021).

The solution is the Michigan Safe Patient Care Act!  The Michigan Safe Patient Care Act is a 3-part bipartisan package in the state

Discussion 1 Policy Analysis Summary
Discussion 1 Policy Analysis Summary

House and Senate that addresses rampant RN understaffing and excessive forced RN overtime. It will force administrators to make decisions based on patients’ needs, rather than misguided cost-cutting in the hospital industry.


Lavis, J. N., Permanand, G., Oxman, A. D., Lewin, S., & Fretheim, A. (2009). SUPPORT Tools for evidence-informed health Policymaking (STP) 13: Preparing and using policy briefs to support evidence-informed policymaking. Health Research Policy & Systems, Health Research Policy & Systems, 71–79.

MI Nurse Association. (2021). The bipartisan Safe Patient Care Act.

Neuraz, A., Guérin, C., Polazzi, S., Aubrun, F., Dailler, F., Lehot, J.-J., Piriou, V., Neidecker, J., Rimmelé, T., Schott, A.-M., & Duclos, A. (2015). Patient Mortality Is Associated With Staff Resources and Workload in the ICU: A Multicenter Observational Study. Critical Care Medicine, 43.

Peberdy, M. A., Ornato, J., Larkin, G. L., Braithwaite, R. S., Kashner, T. M., Carey, S., Meaney, P., Cen, L., Nadkarni, V., Praestgaard, A., & Berg, R. (2008). Survival From In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest During Nights and Weekends. JAMA.

Rogowski, J. A., Staiger, D., Patrick, T., Horbar, J., Kenny, M., & Lake, E. T. (2013). Nurse staffing and NICU infection rates. JAMA Pediatrics, 167(5), 444–450.

I agree with your insightful post. American Nurses Association (ANA) (n.d.) projects 194,500 average annual openings for registered nurses between 2020 and 2030, with employment projected to grow by 9%. It seems that retaining nursing staff is a major contributing factor to the increased nurse-to-patient ratio.

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California implemented the first state-mandated nurse-to-patient staffing standards in acute care hospitals in 2004 (Leigh, Markis, Iosif, & Romano, 2015). Unfortunately, it only takes effect at a state level versus a national level. Additional states have adopted policies related to nursing staffing, except California remains the only state with mandated minimum ratios. American Nurses Association (ANA) supports the policy changes to improve patient outcomes and patient safety. An immediate supply of highly trained and qualified nursing personnel is essential to continue to deliver excellent health care in Michigan.


Leigh, J. P., Markis, C. A., Iosif, A.-M., & Romano, P. S. (2015). California’s nurse-to-patient ratio law and occupational injury. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health88(4), 477–484.

Workforce. ANA. (n.d.). Retrieved May 3, 2022, from

Hello Randi,

That no law limits the number of patients nurses can be assigned to or the hours they work in Michigan implies that the nurses are stretched too thin. Staffing in Michigan has been a chronic problem and should be addressed to ensure that the nurses are safe enough to keep their patients. The Michigan Nursing Association has come forward to call on Michigan legislators to set limits on the patients’ nurses can be assigned to in hospitals (Legislation & advocacy, 2021).

The MNA is pushing for protection against the overworking nurses. The COVID-19 pandemic only exacerbated the issue leading to health workers’ burnout. In March, a bipartisan proposal gained traction in the Senate and the House of Representatives (Michigan HB4482 | 2021-2022 | 101st legislature, n.d.). The Patient Safe Care Act addresses three main issues. To begin with, it would ensure that the nurse to patient ratio is based on the nurses’ expertise. Secondly, there would be a limit on overtime for nurses to reduce burnout. Finally, it would hold hospitals accountable for the full transparency of that patient-to-nurse ratio. If this bill passes, it will ensure that the nurses are supported in their profession and can take good care of their patients.


Legislation & advocacy. (2021, January 15). Michigan Nurses Association.

Michigan HB4482 | 2021-2022 | 101st legislature. (n.d.). LegiScan.

The selected policy is HB3871 Safe Patient Limits Act, which is currently pending action in the Illinois Legislature. The proposed policy sets a minimum nurse staffing requirement for all hospitals in Illinois. It states the maximum number of patients assigned to a registered nurse in specific situations. It also provides that nothing shall bar a healthcare facility from assigning fewer patients to a registered nurse than the limits stated in Act (Illinois General Assembly, n.d.). Besides, it provides that nothing in the Act stops the use of patient acuity systems consistent with the Nurse Staffing by Patient Acuity Act. Nonetheless, the maximum patient assignments in the Act may not be exceeded, despite using and applying any patient acuity system.

The policy can be addressed by having each hospital’s clinical team make staffing decisions for their hospitals depending on the unique circumstances at the specific hospital at any given time (Han et al., 2021). The policy can also be addressed by having professional nursing organizations advocate the implementation of the mandated staffing ratios in all hospitals to promote better working conditions for nurses and improve patient safety and quality of care. Implementing the policy can reduce nurse burnout and low job satisfaction associated with high workloads and physical and emotional fatigue (Lasater et al., 2021). In addition, it can improve the safety of patient care and patient outcomes and reduce healthcare costs.





Han, X., Pittman, P., & Barnow, B. (2021). Alternative Approaches to Ensuring Adequate Nurse Staffing: The Effect of State Legislation on Hospital Nurse Staffing. Medical care, 59(10 Suppl 5), S463. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001614

Illinois General Assembly. (n.d.). Bill status for HB2604.

Lasater, K. B., Aiken, L. H., Sloane, D., French, R., Martin, B., Alexander, M., & McHugh, M. D. (2021). Patient outcomes and cost savings associated with hospital safe nurse staffing legislation: an observational study. BMJ open11(12), e052899. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-052899