Discussion: Patient-Centered Care HLT 307

Discussion: Patient-Centered Care HLT 307

Discussion: Patient-Centered Care HLT 307

“Patient-centeredness suggests that health care providers and organizations adapt the services they provide to reflect the goals, needs, and values of individual patients,” writes Hunt in the article “Patient-Centered Care and Cultural Practices: Process and Criteria for Evaluating Adaptations of Norms and Standards in Health Care Institutions.”

What does this phrase mean to you? Furthermore, Hunt implies that patient-centeredness is not the norm by simply making this statement. Why is this not the norm, especially since the mission of health care institutions is to care for those who are unable to care for themselves?

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Person-centered care means treating a patient as a person and an equal partner in their healing journey and focusing care on their health needs. I believe person-centered care strategies should be individualized, harmonized, and enable patients to reach their full potential. Therefore, the nurse or healthcare professional providing person-centered care should consider the patient’s needs, values, and preferences when making clinical decisions, which fosters respectful care. Kwame & Petrucka (2021) assert that the healthcare provider must consider a patient’s previous healthcare experiences and knowledge and, thus, provide care that focuses on and respects their values, preferences, and needs by increasingly involving the patient in the care process.

A nurse practitioner should first evaluate the patient’s abilities to manage and improve their health and collaboratively identify strategies that will help the patient in these abilities (Kwame & Petrucka, 2021). I believe that a fundamental aspect of patient-centered care is delivering services that respect and meet patients’ needs. This fosters positive healthcare outcomes, improves patients’ perceptions of quality of care, and improves patient satisfaction with care.

Holistic nursing means a comprehensive approach to patient care. It entails treating the whole person by also considering their mental and social factors instead of just focusing on managing the symptoms of their diagnosis. I perceive holistic care as a nursing approach that addresses a patient’s physical, psychological, social, and spiritual needs. Thus, this type of care is comprehensive. Instead of treating the diagnosis, holistic nursing seeks to improve the individual patient’s overall well-being and quality of life (Papathanasiou et al., 2013). Furthermore, I believe holistic nursing is relationship-centered care that should be individualized, with the primary goal being optimal health. Therefore, the NP practicing holistic nursing should acknowledge the patient’s body, mind, and spirit by treating the entire individual instead of one symptom (Papathanasiou et al., 2013). Besides, the NP should acknowledge that various factors affect a person’s health, including dietary habits and environmental influences. Consequently, they should ask patients questions about their general lifestyle.

Cultural humility refers to being respectful and empathetic and applying critical self-reflection at intrapersonal and interpersonal levels. Hughes et al. (2020) explain that the intrapersonal element of cultural humility entails being aware of one’s limited ability to appreciate the patient’s worldview and culture. On the other hand, the interpersonal component integrates an opinion toward a patient characterized by respect and openness to the patient’s point of view. It also focuses on learning from the patient by listening and building partnerships (Hughes et al., 2020). I believe that a nurse with cultural humility should have a mindset that enables them to be open to patients’ preferences by demonstrating respect and empathy. Furthermore, if nurses combine cultural humility with critical conversation skills, they can get an opportunity to discuss cultural misunderstandings, intercultural pain, and how to develop a cultural understanding.



Discussion: Patient-Centered Care HLT 307 References

Hughes, V., Delva, S., Nkimbeng, M., Spaulding, E., Turkson-Ocran, R. A., Cudjoe, J., … & Han, H. R. (2020). Not missing the opportunity: Strategies to promote cultural humility among future nursing faculty. Journal of Professional Nursing36(1), 28-33.

Kwame, A., & Petrucka, P. M. (2021). A literature-based study of patient-centered care and communication in nurse-patient interactions: barriers, facilitators, and the way forward. BMC Nursing20(1), 1-10.

Papathanasiou, I., Sklavou, M., &Kourkouta, L. (2013). Holistic nursing care: Theories and perspectives. American Journal of Nursing Science, 2(1), 1-5.