Discussion Sociology Race and Ethnicity

Discussion Sociology Race and Ethnicity

Discussion Sociology Race and Ethnicity

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● Read Chapters Chapter 21: “Population, Urbanization, and the Environment
● Review the PBS Frontline documentary “The Storm” and the documentary “The End of Poverty.”

A well-written post elaborating on your spirituality according to your worldview and the influence your conception of spirituality has in the way you care for patients. I agree as mentioned in your writing that, treating others as one would like to be treated, that humans share a close bond with nature, and we are all connected to each other is a vital component of relieving human suffering in the world as we all aim to help one another through tough times in life with support, guidance, and love as nurses do on a daily basis by incorporating patients faith and spirituality into their plan of care. I would like to expand on your post by mentioning the following, the acknowledgment and implementation of using patients religious or spiritual beliefs in their care facilitate a patient-centered experience during times of illness while promoting patients’ overall well-being and counteracting any forms of spiritual distress to optimize their state of health for the best outcomes. How can nurses assess patients’ spiritual needs? Nurses can assess if patient’s spiritual needs are unmet by observing and noting the following, if patients ask, “why is this happening?”, “why me?”, “who am I?”, or “how will I be remembered?” or if patients are withdrawn or isolated, seem afraid to be left alone, refuse care, and if they state they are scared or worried (Marie Curie, 2019, para. 8). After these quick assessments of areas regarding the patient’s spirituality, nurses can then further their assessment by utilizing a conversation tool with their patients to gain insightful information on assisting to help patients address their spiritual needs. The assessment tool to be utilized is known as “HOPE” based on the following questions that will be asked to the patient, Hope – “What are your sources of hope, strength, comfort, and peace?”, Organized religion – “Do you have a religion or faith? How important is your faith religion or faith to you?”, Personal spirituality and practices – “What do you do that gives you a sense of meaning and purpose in life? In what ways does this add to your sense of identity?”, and Effects on medical care and of life issues – “Has being unwell stopped you doing things that give your life meaning and purpose? Are there any specific practices we should know about in providing for your care?” (Marie Curie, 2019, para. 10). Nurses providing spiritual care by first performing these assessments allow for building of the nurse-patient relationship in trust and rapport and will give the patient a sense of being listened to and cared for based on their views. This approach of astute nursing fosters the patients’ health in the right direction of patient-centered care to achieve the best outcomes during states of illness.

Food for Thought:
After the hurricane and killer floods, New Orleans was victimized by another disaster…… the disaster response itself. Every level of government that was supposed to prepare for the storm and its aftermath failed miserably. All were unwilling to make the expensive commitments to shore up vulnerable levees or replenish vanishing wetlands that left New Orleans so open to flooding. There was no logical plan to evacuate the city, particularly those too sick, poor or stubborn to leave. Almost eight years after the disaster in New Orleans, people were still asking these questions: What happened to FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency)? Who was responsible for the disaster? Was it the government’s responsibility on the local, state and/or federal level to provide for the citizens of New Orleans? Or were the citizens themselves responsible, like many critics argued, because they did not leave before the hurricanes hit?
The documentary for this week, ‘The Storm” looks at what happens when our government on all levels fails to provide for its citizens.
Question: Why do you think FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) and the government on all levels failed the citizens of New Orleans, leaving thousands dead and homeless? Did race and ethnicity play a role in FEMA’s late response or was FEMA simply overwhelmed and unaware of just how bad the situation was?
Total Assignment (original response, two responses on other posts, and up to five responses on my post):
Original Response (due Wednesday):

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One original answer to the discussion question
Two Paragraphs, 150-250 words
Need to weave in evidence, anecdotes, examples, or citations in MLA format from the readings/videos.

Reply to two of your classmates on their post: (Due Wednesday).
One paragraph each, minimum of 6-8 sentences, 75-150 words
ask critical questions back, elaborate their thoughts

Respond to my post: (I’ll send the responses on Sunday because I need to wait for responses, could be up to five responses, Due Monday)
One or a few sentences, but needs to be thoughtful instead of restating what they said.

Responses to my post:

“It’s interesting how Michael Brown was clueless about the stranded victims without food, water, or shelter for 3-5 days! However, two months before the natural disaster, he knew that the agency would fail to protect and provide for the victims. His statement makes me agree with you that FEMA was aware of how bad the situation was and not overwhelmed. I also found it odd that they didn’t know how severe it would be when their job is required to think that way to prepare and protect citizens from natural disasters. I do agree with you that race and ethnicity played a role. Do you believe that was the reason why the military took so long to help victims in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina? Also, do you think FEMA and government officials would’ve prepared and paid more attention/care towards the 9th ward if they weren’t a marginalized community?”

“I definitely agree that FEMA was led poorly especially when it came to assisting these people. They were not even aware of what was happening as seen on the video they thought things was clear at first and was not taking this seriously. Many lives could have saved if the government just led FEMA in the right direction to help assist these people.”

“I also agree with you on how FEMA was poorly led and how the actions of the government depended on the race of the victims. FEMA had literally turned away help they were getting from multiple big industries and if that’s not saying how direct this act of using a natural disaster as a way of punishing an ethnicity is then I don’t know what is.”

In my own worldview, spirituality is acknowledging that even if people have their own deity, the common ground is knowing that there may be a higher being that exists in the world. For me, this higher being is good and that we are created quite similarly for a reason. I like to think that we are all connected somehow as our layers are so similar and we are made out of similar things, biologically speaking. I like to think that there is something good in humankind and so I meditate about this almost daily. It seems as if my culture that is heavy on Christianity plays a role, but I have a lot of love toward differences. 

I feel that this has influenced my patient care because not only is individualized care important, it is important to accept the person’s beliefs and care for them without any judgment. My spirituality, which also is influenced heavily by Christianity, has taught me that having faith through a higher being includes all of life’s good existence in all that humans experience (Bogue and Hogan, 2018). This is what exists in ordinary life while doing things such as traveling, forming relationships, and as our text stated, also in the nursing field to name a few (Bogue and Hogan, 2018). For me, I find satisfaction whenever I care for my patients even if the nursing field is one of the craziest decisions I’ve ever done in my life. However, serving others gave me purpose as a human being which I am willing to do.


Bogue, D.W, Hogan, M. (2018). Foundational Issues in Christian Spirituality and Ethics. In An Introduction to Christian Values and Decision Making in Health Care. (Chapter 1). Grand Canyon University.