HLT 362 Article Analysis 2 ANSWER

HLT 362 Article Analysis 2 ANSWER

Assessment Description

Search the GCU Library and find two new health care articles that use quantitative research. Do not use articles from a previous assignment, or articles that appear in the topic Resources or textbook.

Complete an article analysis for each using the “Article Analysis: Part 2” template.

Refer to the “Patient Preference and Satisfaction in Hospital-at-Home and Usual Hospital Care for COPD Exacerbations: Results of a Randomised Controlled Trial,” in conjunction with the “Article Analysis Example 2,” for an example of an article analysis.

Article Analysis 2

Article Citation and Permalink (APA format) Article 1

Jerin, J., & Binutha, V. P. (2017). Effectiveness of planned teaching programme on knowledge and practice regarding the use of incentive spirometry among patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Int J Nurs Educ9(4), 48-52.





Article 2

Sterzi, D., Auziere, S., Glah, D., & Jensen, M. M. (2017). Perceptions of general practitioners on initiation and intensification of type 2 diabetes injectable therapies. A quantitative study in the United Kingdom. Primary Care Diabetes11(3), 241-247.


Permalink: https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edselp&AN=S175199181730044X&site=eds-live&scope=site&custid=s8333196&groupid=main&profile=104611



Point Description Description
Broad Topic Area/Title The study seeks to determine whether the scheduled teaching program before surgical treatment on using incentive spirometry effectively reduces the associated complications among patients undergoing abdominal surgery. This study aims to evaluate the general practitioners’ viewpoints on starting and increasing injectable medications, identifying any related challenges, examining the reasons for specialist referral, and improving injectable therapy for type 2 diabetes.
Define Hypotheses H1: The experimental group’s knowledge score will alter significantly between the pre-and post-tests following the deliberate instruction.

H2: There will be a large difference between the experimental group’s pre-test and post-test practice scores after anticipated instruction.


H3:Between the experimental and control groups’ post-test knowledge scores, there will be a sizable variation.

H4: The post-test practice score of the experimental and control groups will differ significantly.

H5: The pre-test knowledge score will significantly correlate with a few demographic factors.

H6: The pre-test practice score and a few demographic factors will be significantly correlated.


The research hypothesis was not made explicit.




Independent and

Dependent Variables and Types of Data for Variables

The independent variable is the program’s instruction on employing incentive spirometry before surgery.

The study’s two distinct patient groups are the dependent variable.

In the study, ordinal data was utilized for the variables.

The study’s independent variable is the general practitioners’ degree of comfort.

The dependent variable in the study is how general practitioners perceive potential challenges.

In this study, nominal data were utilized for the variables.

The population of Interest in the Study The study’s populations of interest are patients scheduled for abdominal surgery and admitted to either the postoperative or surgical ward at Kollam hospital. There was no requirement that all patients have any prior spirometry training. However, the selection criteria required the patients to have spent at least five days at the selected hospital. The study’s selection criteria included doctors’ opinions with type 2 diabetes expertise. Additionally, it involved doctors and nurses being researched for ancillary goals that piqued the study’s attention.
Sample This investigation used a purposive sample. There were 60 patients total in the sample size. The treatment group and control group were subsequently formed from the sample. Each group had 30 patients.


The study’s sample was one hundred twenty-eight general practitioners familiar with type 2 diabetes. The average age and experience of the general practitioners were 45 years (8.4) and 17.26 (7.2) years, respectively. The secondary goals studies involved thirty nurses and fifty-seven specialists.
Sampling Method The investigators used an observation checklist and knowledge questionnaire to assess how effective the planned teaching reduces the associated complications among patients undergoing abdominal surgery. However, it was conducted among the experimental group only. After five days, the control and experimental groups were given a post-test.


HLT 362 Article Analysis 2 ANSWER

HLT 362 Article Analysis 2 ANSWER

A medical physicians’ panel (SERMO) was used to contact the study’s participants. Similarly, doctors were selected based on their years of experience, involvement in caring for type 2 diabetes, and how long they had been in primary care. The amount of time spent with patients during consultations, the number of type 2 diabetic patients seen and cared for in a month, and the number of cases of type 2 diabetes treated with insulin in a month were also included.


How Was Data Collected? The researchers employed the quantitative research approach. It involved the quasi-experimental pre and post-test control groups investigating the effectiveness of reducing the associated complications among patients undergoing abdominal surgery.


Data for the study was acquired via random sampling. The qualified doctors participated in a 25-minute online interview. They responded to inquiries about their comfort level with treating type 2 diabetic patients, starting injectable therapy, and the characteristics that would raise their comfort level and frequency. They also talked about the reasons for referring patients to experts, the specialty where the patient is referred, the characteristics of the injectable therapy concept, and the rationale for starting to use more injectable therapies.


Article Analysis 2

Article Citation and Permalink (APA format) Bagheri, T., Fatemi, M. J., Payandan, H., Skandari, A., & Momeni, M. (2019). The effects of stress-coping strategies and group cognitive-behavioral therapy on nurse burnout. Annals Of Burns And Fire Disasters32(3), 184.

Permalink: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7155410/


Carreira, H., Williams, R., Müller, M., Harewood, R., Stanway, S., & Bhaskaran, K. (2018). Associations between breast cancer survivorship and adverse mental health outcomes: a systematic review. JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute110(12), 1311-1327.

Permalink: https://doi.org/10.1093/jnci/djy177


Point Description Description
Broad Topic Area/Title The main topic of the study is the effects or impacts of the stress management strategies and the group cognitive-behavioral therapy on nurse burnout.  

The main/broad topic of the research is the relationship between breast cancer survivorship and the adverse mental health outcomes.

Identify Independent and Dependent Variables and Type of Data for the Variables Independent variable: Stress management strategies and group cognitive-behavioral therapy (continuous variable with the normal distribution)

Dependent variable: Nurse burnout (categorical variable).

Independent variable:  Breast cancer survivorship (Continuous variable)

Dependent variable: Mental health outcomes (categorical variable).


The population of Interest for the Study The population of interest in the study include nurses drawn from different healthcare institutions. The population of interest in the study included breast cancer survivors (women) drawn from different cancer centers.
Sample The sample size was 60. In other words, sixty nurses were randomly selected from different healthcare institutions. 88.1% of those involved in the study process were women while the rest were men (Bagheri et al., 2019).  The study involved 60 participants. In other words, there were sixty breast cancer survivors identified in the study process.


Sampling Method  

Simple random sampling approach was applied in the identification of the research participants. The sample selected was a perfect representation of the population under the study.

Simple random sampling method was used in the study process to identify respondents.
Descriptive Statistics (Mean, Median, Mode; Standard Deviation)

Identify examples of descriptive statistics in the article.

The descriptive statistics used during data analysis include:

The Mean age of the participants was 33.21 years with the Standard Deviation of ± 7.04 years

Mean burnout group score was 54.21 with the Standard Deviation of 17.25

The descriptive statistics applied during data analysis include:

The Mean age of the participants was 16 years and the Median was 26.7


Inferential Statistics

Identify examples of inferential statistics in the article.

The inferential statistics used include:

ü  Repeated measures

ü  Variance analysis (ANOVA) at a P-value of 0.05 and

ü  Chi-square were used at a P-value of 0.05

Some of the inferential statistics used included:


ü  Relative risk estimates between 1.25 (95% CI = 1.05 to 1.49) and 2.03 (95% CI = 0.56 to 7.42) (Carreira et al., 2018)

ü  Chi-Square at a P-value of 0.05




Bagheri, T., Fatemi, M. J., Payandan, H., Skandari, A., & Momeni, M. (2019). The effects of stress-coping strategies and group cognitive-behavioral therapy on nurse burnout. Annals Of Burns And Fire Disasters32(3), 184. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7155410/

Carreira, H., Williams, R., Müller, M., Harewood, R., Stanway, S., & Bhaskaran, K. (2018). Associations between breast cancer survivorship and adverse mental health outcomes: a systematic review. JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute110(12), 1311-1327. https://doi.org/10.1093/jnci/djy177


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Hi Class,

Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.

Contact me if you have any questions.

Important information on Writing a Discussion Question

Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)

There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.

Include in-text citations in your response

Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information

Follow APA-7th edition

Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor

A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.

Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article

Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)

Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.

Follow APA 7th edition

Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Remember to use and follow APA-7th edition for all weekly assignments, discussion questions, and participation points.

Here are some helpful links

Student paper example

Citing Sources

The Writing Center is a great resource