NR 505 Week 5: Data Collection

NR 505 Week 5: Data Collection

My refined PICOT question is, how can we better pain management of rural adults with chronic/acute pain care needs, and the alternative medications compared to narcotic medications to improve pain management? I decided to use the qualitative research approach for this specific research topic. I chose this research approach because “qualitative research is primarily exploratory research. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations” (Simply Psychology, 2017). Since pain management is in abstract and immeasurable nursing assessment, it makes it hard for health professionals to gauge pain levels and treatment options based solely off the patient’s opinion of the pain level. I believe qualitative its better tailored to this type of research because quantitative research is based more off of mathematical data and numerical measurements to analyze the data collected. Data will then be collected in a few different ways. One way will be through face to face interaction through interviews and focus groups. Another way to collect data will be through ” impressions, environmental contexts, behaviors, and nonverbal cues” (US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, 2015) on pain levels and pain management techniques. Lastly, data can be collected through readings of transcripts or other written articles. The quality data they may be produced by my EBP project is better pain management techniques for rural areas to implement for their chronic and acute pain patients. Ideally this will cut back on the narcotic epidemic and over prescribing of narcotics to those whose pain can be controlled in a more therapeutic way. We will evaluate patients pain and listen to what has worked and not worked, and create a personalized pain management plan based off the needs of the patient. This will better control their pain and allow them to have an improved quality of life on a daily basis.

-Halley Barnes

Simply Psychology. (2017). Qualitative vs. Quantitative. Retrieved from                                           to an external site.

US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. (2015). Qualitative Research: Data             Collection, Analysis, and Management. Retrieved                                                                                 from to an external site.

The PICo question for my evidenced based practice research project is: Are post war veterans (P) at a greater risk for suicide (I) as they reintegrate into society (Co)? I have chosen the qualitative research design approach because I want to better understand how the post war veteran is feeling and understand their lived experiences as they return from combat. A qualitative study allows the researcher to understand the participants characteristics and lived experiences when the participant is allowed to speak freely (Polit & Beck, 2017). I feel the qualitative study has the potential to create further avenues of researcher as themes develop throughout the interview process.
In-depth interviews are my data collection method of choice with permission received to audio tape

NR 505 Week 5 Data Collection

the session and take notes in the anticipation that themes and commonalities emerge from the data. Clark and Veale (2018), discussed how images or words will consistently emerge during in-depth interviews showing a connection with individual participants and the research being accomplished. The collection of data retrieved from the in-depth interview process will provide adequate information to answer my PICo question and is considered a strength in my research process. A weakness to this type of data collection would be allowing my own personal feelings, bias, or opinions interfere with the appropriate interpretation of data. Often, we see things through the lens of our own personal experiences and that could inhibit the subjective nature of the data.
The actions I plan to incorporate into my qualitative study is to ensure my sample size is appropriate to gather appropriate information but not too large so that the information becomes diluted or deters from the main objective outlined in the PICo statement. Secondly, I plan to write out a personal belief statement and establish a baseline of personal opinion and bias and ensure my interpretation of data is not being occluded or misrepresented through my own experience. My objective is to ensure the data is in its most raw and authentic form in the hopes that further studies will emerge as a result of the information provided.

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Clark, K. R., & Vealé, B. L. (2018). Strategies to Enhance Data Collection and Analysis in Qualitative Research. Radiologic Technology, 89(5), 482CT-485CT.
Polit, D. & Beck, C. (2017). Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Thank you for your insight on formulating questions for my qualitative research.

For this week’s professor response, I have chosen to discuss the interview questions and whether they are semi-structured or open-ended. I must admit, I had to do some research to better understand what constituted a semi-structured question and interview format. Based on different articles and questionnaires, my understanding of the semi-structured question is best implemented when the researcher has only one opportunity to interview the participant and the pre-formulated questions allow more information to be covered. My understanding of the open-ended interview is more of allowing the participant to respond freely to the initial question and then utilizing their response to lead and guide other questions.

In a research article by Marsilio (2017), participants were involved in a qualitative study where phenomenological methods were utilized, and veterans were asked a series of semi-structured questions regarding social media use. The semi-structured interview process seemed to allow structure and direction to the data collection process and keep the focus of the conversation on a specific topic. My plan is to develop a few semi-structured questions such as, “What has been your biggest challenge since returning home”? Incorporating questions such as, “Tell me about your experience returning home from deployment?” would perhaps open the door for other questions that discuss suicide or thought of self-harm. My goal is to facilitate a discussion but leave room for the participant to openly discuss what they are feeling and how their lived experience in combat has impacted their present reality.


Marsilio, K. (2017). Student Veterans’ Shared Experience Using Social Media in Higher Education: A Pilot Study with a Hybrid Phenomenological Data Analysis Method. Information Systems Education Journal15(5), 45-59.