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NRS 430 Professional Development of Nursing Professionals

NRS 430 Professional Development of Nursing Professionals

NRS 430 Professional Development of Nursing Professionals

Write a 7501,000 word paper discussing the infuence of the IOM report on nursing practice. Include the  following: 

  1. Summarize the four messages outlined in the IOM report and explain why these are signifcant to nursing  practice. 
  2. Discuss the direct infuence the IOM report has on nursing education and nursing leadership. Describe the  benefts and opportunities for BSNprepared nurses. 
  3. Explain why it is important that a nurse’s role and education evolve to meet the needs of an aging and  increasingly diverse population. 
  4. Discuss the signifcance of professional development, or lifelong learning, and its relevance in caring for  diverse populations across the life span and within the healthillness continuum. 
  5. Discuss how nurses can assist in efectively managing patient care within an evolving health care system.

Review the Institute of Medicine’s 2010 report “The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.” Write a 750‐1,000 word paper discussing the influence of the IOM report on nursing practice. Include the following:

  1. Summarize the four messages outlined in the IOM report and explain why these are significant to nursing practice.
  2. Discuss the direct influence the IOM report has on nursing education and nursing leadership. Describe the benefits and opportunities for BSN‐prepared nurses.
  3. Explain why it is important that a nurse’s role and education evolve to meet the needs of an aging and increasingly diverse population.
  4. Discuss the significance of professional development, or lifelong learning, and its relevance in caring for diverse populations across the life span and within the health‐illness continuum.
  5. Discuss how nurses can assist in effectively managing patient care within an evolving health care system.

 

Nursing is a dynamic profession as it entails art and science components in practice for the healthcare providers. In its 2010 report titled “The Future of Nursing: Leading Change and Advancing Health,” the Institute of Medicine (IOM) was categorical that nurses should be prepared to take new roles because of the evolving and transforming healthcare sector. The IOM report is essential in preparing nurses for future roles, especially with an aging and diverse population (Feller, 2018). The essence of this paper is to demonstrate the influence of the IOM report on nurse practitioners and the profession, especially on education and leadership as well as the evolving healthcare sector.

Four Messages of the Report & Significance

The IOM report was based on findings made in partnership with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) about a vision for a transformed health care system where nurses play a critical role in its realization. The IOM’s four key message include nurses being allowed to practice to full level of their training and education. The message is essential to nursing as it ensures that they have full scope of practice, especially as primary care providers (Kovner et al., 2018). Secondly, the IOM report was categorical that nurses need to have seamless and lifelong learning to get higher degrees based on an improved education model. The message is important as it implores nurses to ensure that they attain lifelong learning and progression to offer quality care.

The report’s third message is that nurse practitioners should be equal partners alongside doctors and other health providers to reshape healthcare in the country. The message is important for nurses as it means that they should be recognized as primary care providers and partners based on well-grounded knowledge, experience and perspectives. The fourth message is the need to have workforce planning and policymaking based on data collection and improved health information system or infrastructure (Feller, 2018). The message is essential to nurses as it means that they should be positioned better to leverage new trends in healthcare technology and information to deliver quality results.

IOM Report Influence on Nurse’ Education and Nursing Leadership

The IOM report stresses the significance of education and nursing leadership as critical in redesigning the profession to provide the requisite skills and knowledge in meeting increasing healthcare demands. Nurses should attain higher education to meet the healthcare demands. Education and training will allow nurses to acquire more knowledge and skills for better outcomes when handling patient populations. The IOM influences nursing education as it emphasizes the need for these providers to attain better levels of training to acquire skills and be partners alongside physicians and other healthcare providers (Kovner et al., 2018). As full partners with physicians, nurses require leadership competencies, especially in full practice authority settings where they are allowed to practice to full level of the training. The IOM report stresses the significance of nurses being transformational leaders in care delivery through the use of technology, evidence-based practice (EBP), and nursing research.

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) prepared nurses have benefits and opportunities due to the IOM report’s recommendations or messages. A BSN-prepared nurse will have more benefits as the report recommends more education and ensuring that at least 80% of the nursing workforce have a BSN by 2020 (Feller, 2018). The BSN-prepared nurses have more experience than the Associate degree nurses (ADNs) because they possess research skills and nursing information with more knowledge to offer better care to patients. BSN-prepared nurses will enjoy more incentives to advance their education through tuition reimbursement and increased specialties based on their area of interest.

 

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Evolution of Nurse’s Role and Education

The role and education of nurses are changing due to several factors that impact the healthcare system, especially at this time when a significance part of the population is aging and placing a strain on existing resources. The advancements in technology and improvements in healthcare implore nurses to enhance their education to meet trends and be prepared to use devices to improve efficiency in care delivery (Kovner et al., 2018). The evolution of nursing education is essential in helping nurses to attain required skills and competences like use of evidence-based practice, use of informatics, and increased research to enhance patient care outcomes (Kovner et al., 2018). Nurses should build adaptive capacity as the healthcare system changes rapidly to meet the diverse needs of different health population coupled with emerging and reemerging infectious diseases and pandemics like the current Coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The increasing healthcare needs implores nurses to leverage technologies with best practices to attain quality care for diverse and aging population.

Significance of Professional Development or Lifelong Learning

Nurses do not attain terminal education after their graduation and becoming licensed practitioners. The IOM report is categorical that professional development or lifelong learning is important to help nurses gain more knowledge, apply evidence-based practices and increase their understanding of the complex healthcare practice (Gore et al., 2017). Lifelong learning allows nurses to get critical-thinking and problem-solving skills that are essential in resolving issues that they face while taking care of patients, especially aging patients who suffer from chronic health conditions (Iglesia et al., 2020). Through professional development, nurses acquire strong collaborative interactions with5 patients and colleagues and enhance outcomes and mitigate medication errors.

Caring for diverse populations across the life span and within the health continuum needs application of evidence-based practice interventions, use of critical and analytical skills, and effective collaboration among healthcare providers through teamwork (Iglesia et al., 2020). As professional development allows nurses to acquire important skills like cultural competence that they use to enhance the care of patients from diverse background with different healthcare needs. Lifelong learning guarantees nurse new knowledge and skills as well as effective understanding of the healthcare system to offer quality care to patients in different situations.

Effective Management of Patient Care in an Evolving Health Care System

Nurses are patient advocates and focus on better outcomes through cost-effective care and increased access to healthcare resources. As critical players in the healthcare industry, nurses can assist in management of patient care by leveraging best practice, and focusing on quality yet cost-effective care provision. Nurses can also assist through collaborative approaches with physicians and other healthcare providers to offer patient-centered care in diverse settings (Kovner et al., 2018). They can also leverage technologies like telemedicine and telehealth to promote healthcare based on models like self-care for patients in remote areas with limited access to physicians.

Conclusion

The IOM report implores nurses to attain higher education and be equal partners as they practice to full level of the education and qualification. The report influences nursing education and profession in different ways and implores them to take practical steps to enhance their skills, knowledge and competencies to meet the growing yet diverse demands in healthcare provision.

References

Feller, F. (2018). Transforming nursing education: A call for a conceptual approach. Nursing

            Education Perspectives, 39(2), 105-106. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NEP.0000000000000187.

Gore, J., Lloyd, A., Smith, M., Bowe, J., Ellis, H., & Lubans, D. (2017). Effects of professional

development on the quality of teaching: Results from a randomized controlled trial of Quality Teaching Rounds. Teaching and Teacher Education, 68, 99-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2017.08.007

Iglesia, E. G., Greenhawt, M., & Shaker, M. S. (2020). Achieving the Quadruple Aim to deliver

value-based allergy care in an ever-evolving health care system. Annals of Allergy,Asthma & Immunology, 125(2), 126-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anai.2020.04.007

Kovner, C. T., Djukic, M., Jun, J., Fletcher, J., Fatehi, F. K., & Brewer, C. S. (2018). Diversity

and education of the nursing workforce 2006–2016. Nursing Outlook, 66(2), 160-167.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2017.09.002

 

People inhabit different socioeconomic backgrounds with varying resources, values, and cultures. These variations prompt considerable health-related differences, including access to care, people’s perception of health, and health promotion activities. Since variations in resources and geographical locations are the primary cause of health disparities, interventions to reduce them should be intensified at the local and national levels. Nurses should also embrace their role as health equity promoters and ensure all populations get the deserved healthcare services. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the significance of health equity in the National Academy of Medicine 2021 report, the impacts of social determinants of health, nurses’ role in equity promotion, and the significance of self-care.

The Significance of Healthy Equity in the National Academy of Medicine 2021 Report

Nurses play a pivotal role in advancing health by combining skills, expertise, and passion. Addressing health inequities to improve people’s health is among the highly stressed nurses’ roles. The National Academy of Medicine 2021 report explores nurses’ work in reducing health disparities and promoting equity into 2030 (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 2023). Other focus areas include nurses’ role in cost reduction and technology utilization to achieve the best possible care for patients and populations. To achieve these goals, the current healthcare system should educate, remunerate and employ adequate nurses to remove barriers to care, diversify the workforce, and empower nurses to address health equity issues (Wakefield et al., 2021). As the report underlines, achieving health equity ensures all populations live the healthiest life possible irrespective of where they live, income levels, and race, among other factors. In collaboration with the government and partners, the healthcare system should also prepare the next generation of nurses to promote health equity and ensure all populations receive quality healthcare services. A suitable way of achieving this goal is to revamp nursing education to ensure nurses understand all the social and environmental factors that cause disparities, how to collaborate with colleagues to address health equity issues, and care provision to diverse populations.

Social Determinants of Health

Social determinants of health (SDOH) significantly influence health outcomes across populations. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2022) described SDOH as the conditions where people are born, live, and work and other wider systems that shape daily life. Largely, SDOH are the nonmedical factors influencing population health outcomes. They include education, healthcare access and quality, social and community contexts, access to nutritious foods and safe housing. Economic and social policies are among the wider forces impacting people’s health. Regarding their impacts on health equity, access to healthy foods increases health disparities in the affected communities. People’s geographical locations, cultural norms, and income levels affect access to healthy foods. Lack of access to healthy foods implies poor nutrition, increasing the risk of obesity and diabetes (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2023). Life expectancy also reduces in populations with poor access to healthy foods.

Role of the Nurse in Improving Health Equity and Impacting Social Needs

Nurses can use their position and influence to improve health equity and effectively address people’s multidimensional needs. In agreement with Oruche and Zapolski (2020), nurses can reduce health disparities by being increasingly committed to diversity, inclusion and breaking down barriers to health. In this case, they should ensure health resources are fairly distributed according to people’s diverse needs and that all patients are assisted to achieve their full health potential. The other critical nurse’s role is advocacy, which entails protecting patients’ rights and acting as their voice (Nsiah et al., 2019). While serving this role, nurses ensure no one faces discrimination when seeking care and that all patients can comfortably and safely interact with healthcare professionals. Importantly, nurses should partner with political and health stakeholders to advance health in the communities through education, screening, and other health-related activities. Such activities enable people to understand their health and social needs, advocate for them, and seek timely interventions to live healthily and productively.

Significance of Self-Care for Nursing Burnout and Strategies for Personal and Spiritual Health

Nurse burnout is prevalent in current settings and impedes nurses’ ability to provide high-quality care. Practicing self-care is crucial for nurses to reduce stress, increase their energy levels, and be better positioned to provide compassionate care (Kaple, 2023; Nilsson, 2022). Self-care ensures that nurses are optimally physically, mentally, and emotionally. Self-care strategies include regulating shift schedules, avoiding a high workload, building healthy relationships with co-workers, and exercising. Mindfulness and practicing spirituality are also highly recommended for nurses experiencing or at risk of burnout. To maintain personal and spiritual health, nurses should embrace mindfulness, meditative walking, and religious practices, such as prayers and reading religious books (Nilsson, 2022). These interventions provide nurses with the much-needed psychophysical balance and wellness to practice in stressful conditions. They also improve coping, which reduces job dissatisfaction, anxiety, and fatigue.

Conclusion

Nurses work in diverse settings and encounter patients with varying needs. Irrespective of these differences, nurses must strive to provide timely and satisfactory care as professionally mandated. The endeavor to promote health equity should be universal among nurses to ensure all populations can achieve the best possible care. Besides, nurses should practice self-care through meditation, exercises, mindfulness, and spirituality. Self-care enables them to cope with nurse burnout hence high productivity and job satisfaction.

 

 

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Social determinants of health at CDC. https://www.cdc.gov/about/sdoh/index.html#:~:text=Social%20determinants%20of%20health%20(SDOH,the%20conditions%20of%20daily%20life.

Kaple, T. (2023). Top tips for nurses on dealing with burnout. NurseJournal. https://nursejournal.org/resources/tips-for-avoiding-nurse-burnout/

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2023). The future of nursing 2020-2030. https://www.nationalacademies.org/our-work/the-future-of-nursing-2020-2030

Nilsson, H. (2022). Spiritual self-care management for nursing professionals: A holistic approach. Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses’ Association40(1), 64–73. https://doi.org/10.1177/08980101211034341

Nsiah, C., Siakwa, M., & Ninnoni, J. P. K. (2019). Registered Nurses’ description of patient advocacy in the clinical setting. Nursing Open6(3), 1124–1132. https://doi.org/10.1002/nop2.307

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2023). Social determinants of health. https://health.gov/healthypeople/priority-areas/social-determinants-health

Oruche, U. M., & Zapolski, T. C. (2020). The role of nurses in eliminating health disparities and achieving health equity. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services58(12), 2-4. https://doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20201112-01

Wakefield, M., Williams, D. R., & Le Menestrel, S. (2021). The future of nursing 2020-2030: Charting a path to achieve health equity. Nursing Outlook, (70)6, S1-S9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2022.05.013

 

Nurses play a critical role in health provision as frontline workers, policymakers, and patient advocates. While serving in various capacities, nurses encounter many problems that require an in-depth understanding and sustainable solutions. As a result, they should have extensive practice skills and embrace self-development as professionals. Doing so will enable nurses to excel in their roles and achieve health equity goals. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the influence of the National Academy of Medicine 2021 report on nursing practice.

Report’s Recommendations and the Significance of Health Equity

Nursing is an evolving profession hence the need for strategic measures that help nurses achieve long-term health goals. The National Academy of Medicine 2021 report focuses on the future of nursing and how health equity can be achieved. To a significant extent, the report discusses the measures necessary for reducing health disparities and promoting health equity. Other parts include cost reduction, technology utilization, and achieving patient-centered and family-focused care (National Academy of Medicine, 2021). Health equity is significant in this report since it is the central component. According to Carratala and Maxwell (2020), population health goals cannot be attained without health equity. In this case, nursing professionals and healthcare stakeholders must collaborate to ensure everyone has a fair and just chance to attain the highest health levels. The report stresses that achieving health equity in the United States requires a strong nursing capacity and workforce. Measures of strengthening nursing capacity and expertise include an adequate education and training, leadership opportunities, and promoting nurses’ well-being (National Academy of Medicine, 2021). Besides, barriers that limit nurses’ capacity and their contributions to advancing population health should also be lifted. For instance, restricting the scope of practice reduces nurses’ capacity and should be addressed to empower nurses to practice to their full extent of education and training.

Social Determinants of Health and Impacts on Health Equity

Humans live in different locations with diverse climatic conditions, health practices, and cultures. Social determinants of health (SDOH) represent the nonmedical factors influencing health outcomes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2022) described SDOH as the conditions where people are born, live, work, and grow. Key areas include social and community context, neighborhood, education, and healthcare access and quality. Each SDOH has profound implications on health equity and other critical health variables. For instance, healthcare access and quality differences across races and regions continue to influence health outcomes across populations profoundly. People of color and low-income populations experience many health problems that could be prevented through improved access to care (Carratala & Maxwell, 2020; Ndugga & Artiga, 2023). For instance, inadequate insurance coverage, staffing shortages, and transport problems are common in rural areas and among underserved populations. These challenges impact when and where these populations access healthcare services. Addressing these disparities is crucial for fair and just opportunities for all populations to engage in health.

The Role of Nurses in Improving Health Equity

Nurses understand patients’ problems and social needs comprehensively due to their active role in healthcare processes. Among many roles, nurses can improve health equity and impact social needs by self-development as professional leaders and advocating for patients. As highlighted in the National Academy of Medicine 2021 report, health equity is best addressed by experienced nurses who are ready to address practice problems. Therefore, individual growth as leaders is crucial for improved outcomes as far as health equity and social needs are concerned.

Advocating for patients means defending patients’ rights, safety, and needs to ensure they receive care that addresses their needs comprehensively (Nsiah et al., 2019). Nurses should also serve a central role in health education. According to Patja et al. (2022), health education improves health decision-making and enables populations to embrace preventive health. Therefore, health problems that can be prevented through preventive health in vulnerable populations are minimized. For instance, chronic disease prevalence could be reduced through healthy eating and lifestyle adjustments. Health education can be centered on these areas.

Significance of Self-care and Evidence-Based Strategies

Self-care includes individual measures nurses incorporate into their daily practice to maintain health, cope with stress, and prevent disease. Regarding nurse burnout, self-care improves nurses’ mental, physical, and mental well-being, which helps them to overcome fatigue, anxiety, and stressors that increase burnout (Monroe et al., 2021). Self-care strategies for nurses’ personal and spiritual health vary with nurses’ specialties, experiences, work environments, and routine challenges. They include mindfulness interventions, physical exercises, rest, and adequate sleep. Research shows that mindfulness interventions help nurses to respond to stressful events more objectively and avoid negative thought patterns (Monroe et al., 2021). Other outcomes include building resiliency and improving how nurses connect with their colleagues. Aerobic exercises decrease nurse burnout by reducing workplace stress (Mohebbi et al., 2019). The significance of these interventions underlines the need for healthcare organizations to implement and sustain self-care programs for nurses.

Conclusion

All populations deserve high-quality, affordable, and accessible care. Consequently, healthcare professionals and stakeholders should collaborate to advance health equity and address issues causing health disparities. As frontline workers, nurses can improve health equity and social needs by self-development as leaders, advocating for patients, and providing health education. Besides, they should embrace and practice self-care to cope with nurse burnout effectively. In this case, they should always be empowered and prepared to deliver the highest achievable patient outcomes.

 

 

References

Carratala, S., & Maxwell, C. (2020). Health disparities by race and ethnicity. Center for American Progress. https://www.americanprogress.org/article/health-disparities-race-ethnicity/

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Social determinants of health at CDC. https://www.cdc.gov/about/sdoh/index.html

Mohebbi, Z., Dehkordi, S. F., Sharif, F., & Banitalebi, E. (2019). The effect of Aerobic exercise on occupational stress of female nurses: a controlled clinical trial. investigacion y educacion en enfermeria37(2), e05. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v37n2e05

Monroe, C., Loresto, F., Horton-Deutsch, S., Kleiner, C., Eron, K., Varney, R., & Grimm, S. (2021). The value of intentional self-care practices: the effects of mindfulness on improving job satisfaction, teamwork, and workplace environments. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing35(2), 189–194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2020.10.003

National Academy of Medicine. (2021). The Future of Nursing 2020–2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. https://nam.edu/publications/the-future-of-nursing-2020-2030/

Ndugga, N., & Artiga, S. (2023). Disparities in health and health care: 5 key questions and answers. KFF. https://www.kff.org/racial-equity-and-health-policy/issue-brief/disparities-in-health-and-health-care-5-key-question-and-answers/

Nsiah, C., Siakwa, M., & Ninnoni, J. P. K. (2019). Registered Nurses’ description of patient advocacy in the clinical setting. Nursing Open6(3), 1124–1132. https://doi.org/10.1002/nop2.307

Patja, K., Huis in ‘t Veld, T., Arva, D., Bonello, M., Orhan Pees, R., Soethout, M., & van der Esch, M. (2022). Health promotion and disease prevention in the education of health professionals: a mapping of European educational programmes from 2019. BMC Medical Education22(1), 778. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-022-03826-5