NSG 6101 Nursing Research Methods Week 1 Discussion

NSG 6101 Nursing Research Methods Week 1 Discussion

Nursing Research Methods

The selected problem of interest is opioids overdose during the covid19 period. The existing evidence shows that covid19 pandemic increased the use and abuse of opioids in different states across the United States of America. The rise was attributed to covid19 restrictions that limited the access to healthcare services for patients and the population in general. For example, regions such as San Franscisco were experiencing opioid epidemic before covid19 era. The issue worsened during the covid19 period because of restrictions such as social distancing, curfews, and closure of recreational facilities for the population. The issue of opioid overdose during covid19 was selected because of its health impacts that include increased emergency department visits, accidental deaths, and opioid dependence among the populations.

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The sources of evidence on opioid overdose during covid19 period were obtained from different databases. A literature search was performed on databases that included EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, and Google Scholar. The search was made through the university library. The search yielded articles that were analyzed on the issue of opioid overdose. The results in the selected articles showed that opioid overdose increased significantly after the declaration of a state of emergency during the covid19 period. There was also a sharp rise in emergency department visits due to opioid overdose and suspected deaths at the scene during thi

NSG 6101 Nursing Research Methods Week 1 Discussion

NSG 6101 Nursing Research Methods Week 1 Discussion

s period (Rodda et al., 2020; Slavova et al., 2020). The reviewed studies also show that opioid overdose disproportionately affected the populations. The prevalence was high among individuals from ethnic minority groups with increased predisposition to worse outcomes (Ochalek et al., 2020; Soares et al., 2022). An innovative solution to the above problem is distributing naloxone to opioid abusers and those at risk of overdose. Nurses and other healthcare providers should educate them about the signs of opioid overdose and taking naloxone to prevent accidental deaths (Collins et al., 2020). Practice guidelines on distributing naloxone would promote public health and safety.

NSG 6101 Nursing Research Methods Week 1 Discussion References

Collins, A. B., Ndoye, C. D., Arene-Morley, D., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2020). Addressing co-occurring public health emergencies: The importance of naloxone distribution in the era of COVID-19. The International Journal on Drug Policy, 83, 102872. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.102872

Ochalek, T. A., Cumpston, K. L., Wills, B. K., Gal, T. S., & Moeller, F. G. (2020). Nonfatal Opioid Overdoses at an Urban Emergency Department During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA, 324(16), 1673–1674. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.17477

Rodda, L. N., West, K. L., & LeSaint, K. T. (2020). Opioid Overdose–Related Emergency Department Visits and Accidental Deaths during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Urban Health, 97(6), 808–813. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-020-00486-y

Slavova, S., Rock, P., Bush, H. M., Quesinberry, D., & Walsh, S. L. (2020). Signal of increased opioid overdose during COVID-19 from emergency medical services data. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 214, 108176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108176

Soares, W. E., Melnick, E. R., Nath, B., D’Onofrio, G., Paek, H., Skains, R. M., Walter, L. A., Casey, M. F., Napoli, A., Hoppe, J. A., & Jeffery, M. M. (2022). Emergency Department Visits for Nonfatal Opioid Overdose During the COVID-19 Pandemic Across Six US Health Care Systems. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 79(2), 158–167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2021.03.013