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NUR-514 Emerging Technology Brief

NUR-514 Emerging Technology Brief

Emerging Technology Brief

Technology has become an indispensable part of health care provision. Health care providers can use technology to learn and connect with colleagues. In any case, the outcomes are profound. The use of virtual reality in modern health care settings is high than ever before. This brief discusses virtual reality and its purpose, ethical issues, and role in promoting access, patient safety, and quality of care.

Overview of Virtual Reality and Purpose

Virtual reality (VR) allows a user to simulate an experience of interest. Users usually use VR headsets within a highly interactive and computer-generated environment. The simulation created is usually immersive, and users’ experience is enhanced by using 3-D glasses with a screen and gloves that give sensory feedback (Muhanna, 2015). The primary purpose is to ensure that the user learns from experience in the virtual world. A feeling of connection with reality is generated to help users learn what happens to life and health in real-life situations.

VR in a Health Care Setting

Virtual reality in a health care setting can be experienced in the form of practitioners and patient education. Through virtual reality, patients and care providers can learn how the human body functions via immersive simulation. A perfect situation is taking patients through the surgical plan. Here, patients can virtually step into a VR reconstruction of their anatomy. The result is an enhanced understanding of the treatment procedure, leading to more patient satisfaction.

Ethical Issues

VR’s incorporation in health care is associated with some ethical issues. VR can be traumatic to the user leading to post-traumatic stress disorder (Kothgassner et al., 2019; Sherrill et al., 2019). The trauma stems from VR experiences linked with harrowing ordeals and sensations with lasting psychological impacts. Some people may be unable to function or behave ordinarily in the real world after spending time in a virtual environment. Due to such issues, regulation is crucial.

Accessing Care and Promoting Patient Safety and Quality

VR has many benefits in health care that can improve access to care. One of VR’s contributions is in medical training. Through VR,

Emerging Technology Brief
Emerging Technology Brief

medical students and care providers get details of how the body functions and recreate such processes in reality. Due to the increased knowledge, they can serve patients at their regular health care facilities without the need for a lot of travel. VR also helps in pain management and physical therapy, where patients undergo full VR immersion, which distracts them, thus reducing pain and anxiety (Brown & Foronda, 2020; Deo et al., 2021). Medical training, pain management, and similar processes lead to patient satisfaction and better treatment, improving the overall quality of care.

In conclusion, VR’s increasing use manifests how health care reaps from the benefits of technology. VR can be used for many purposes, including patients and health care providers’ education and training. It is essential for pain management and therapy, but ethical issues related to its use, such as PTSD, should be avoided. Its progress depicts technology with lasting impacts in health care provision in the future.

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References

Brown, K., & Foronda, C. (2020). Use of Virtual Reality to Reduce Anxiety and Pain of Adults Undergoing Outpatient Procedures. Informatics, 7(3), 36. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/informatics7030036

Deo, N., Khan, K. S., Mak, J., Allotey, J., Gonzalez Carreras, F. J., Fusari, G., & Benn, J. (2021). Virtual reality for acute pain in outpatient hysteroscopy: a randomised controlled trial. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology128(1), 87-95. https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.16391

Kothgassner, O. D., Goreis, A., Kafka, J. X., Van Eickels, R. L., Plener, P. L., & Felnhofer, A. (2019). Virtual reality exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): a meta-analysis. European journal of psychotraumatology10(1), 1654782. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2019.1654782

Muhanna, M. A. (2015). Virtual reality and the CAVE: Taxonomy, interaction challenges and research directions. Journal of King Saud University-Computer and Information Sciences27(3), 344-361. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksuci.2014.03.023

Sherrill, A. M., Rothbaum, A. O., McSweeney, L. B., & Rothbaum, B. O. (2019). Virtual reality exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychiatric Annals49(8), 343-347. https://doi.org/10.3928/00485713-20190716-02

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging Technology Brief

 

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Emerging Technology Brief

Emerging technologies have a significant effect on the provision of healthcare in the modern world. The technologies inform the care approaches utilized to achieve optimum, patient-centered outcomes. Legal and ethical issues often accompany the adoption of emerging technologies in healthcare (Duggal et al., 2018). Nurse informaticists have the responsibility of adopting measures to minimize these issues in healthcare. Therefore, this paper explores the use of mobile health applications, as an emerging technology and its impact on nurse informaticist roles.

Overview of the Technology

The selected emerging technology is mobile applications for use in healthcare. Mobile apps are technologies that facilitate healthcare delivery via the phone. The technology enables healthcare providers to offer remote care to their patients. They can perform several roles that include scheduling appointments, providing expert advice, uploading patients’ medical records. Mobile apps also enable healthcare providers to monitor and manage their patients, gather information, and offer patients health education. The adoption of mobile apps enhances care outcomes that include safety, quality, and efficiency. Efficiency is achieved through the elimination of the need for hospital visits and early identification and management of potential complications (Jones et al., 2018). The provision of patient-centered care promotes care outcomes that include safety and quality.

Ethical or Legal Issues

The incorporation of mobile apps into healthcare is likely to experience some ethical and legal issues. One of them is the potential risk of violation of data privacy and confidentiality. Patients and healthcare providers have access to health-related information stored in the apps. Threats to data integrity may arise if patients or healthcare providers do not consider the stipulated security measures in accessing the data. Third parties can also access the data illegally using methods such as hacking to obtain private and confidential data (Vasiloglou et al., 2020). As a result, the adoption of mobile apps in healthcare raises concerns related to data privacy and confidentiality.

The other issue relates to the cost of purchasing, maintaining, and updating the apps. Healthcare organizations bear the responsibility of acquiring, maintaining, and improving mobile apps to address the needs of their patients. They also have to train their staff on the safe and efficient use of the technology in optimizing the care outcomes. The needs increase the costs incurred in healthcare organizations, hence, the challenge (Magrabi et al., 2019). Therefore, a cost-benefit analysis should be performed before the adoption of mobile apps for patient care.

Nurse’s Informatics Role

Nurses have several informatics roles in the adoption of mobile apps in healthcare. One of them is patient education.  Nurses educate the patients about the safe use of the technology in achieving their health outcomes. Nurses also play the role of supporting the implementation of policies that will enhance the outcomes of technology adoption in their organization. They ensure the implemented policies underpin the safety, quality, and efficiency goals in the adoption of mobile apps for health (Magrabi et al., 2019). They also propose quality improvement initiatives in their organizations to address issues with technology use.

Workflow Analysis, Human Factors, and User-Centered Design

Workflow analysis is important in mobile apps adoption in healthcare, as it strives to ensure efficiency in technology use. The analysis provides insights into potential benefits and issues that should be addressed before technology adoption. Human factors influence the adoption of mobile apps in healthcare. A focus should be placed on addressing human needs such as training to ensure competencies in technology use. The adopted systems should address the actual and potential needs of the users for them to be user-centered (Vasiloglou et al., 2020). User-centeredness increases the acceptability of the technology for use in healthcare.

Conclusion

Mobile apps for healthare the selected emerging healthcare technology. The adoption of mobile apps for healthcare may raise ethical and legal issues related to data integrity and costs of adoption. Nurses have crucial roles to play in ensuring the successful utilization of mobile apps in healthcare. Workflow analysis, human factors, and user-centeredness should be considered before the adoption of emerging technologies.

 

 

References

Duggal, R., Brindle, I., & Bagenal, J. (2018).Digital healthcare: Regulating the revolution.BMJ, 360, k6. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k6

Jones, M., Morris, J., &Deruyter, F. (2018).Mobile Healthcare and People with Disabilities: Current State and Future Needs.International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(3), 515. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030515

Magrabi, F., Habli, I., Sujan, M., Wong, D., Thimbleby, H., Baker, M., &Coiera, E. (2019). Why is it so difficult to govern mobile apps in healthcare? BMJ Health & Care Informatics, 26(1), e100006. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjhci-2019-100006

Vasiloglou, M. F., Christodoulidis, S., Reber, E., Stathopoulou, T., Lu, Y., Stanga, Z., &Mougiakakou, S. (2020). What Healthcare Professionals Think of “Nutrition & Diet” Apps: An International Survey. Nutrients, 12(8), 2214. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082214