NUR 590 Assignment Develop An Evaluation Plan
Description of the Rationale for the Methods used in Collecting the Outcome Data
The use of different methods for outcome data collection was informed by distinct reasons. For instance, the questionnaires consist of numerous vital components that were used to gauge the satisfaction rate of the entire process. The other methods such as clinical interviews, follow-ups interviews, and chart audits were used to support the patients and to identify areas for improvement. Besides, test monitoring was used to help in tracking the project development, determine the appropriateness of implementation process, and to collect data to help in future implementation endeavors.
How Outcome Measures Evaluate the Extent to which the Project Objectives Are Achieved
Outcome measures evaluate the extent to which the project objectives are achieved by monitoring the level in which project implementation has influenced the health outcomes of the population in focus (Gibbons, Black, Fallowfield, Newhouse & Fitzpatrick, 2016). Through the outcome measures, it is possible to determine whether or not the project has realized its goals. Where the objectives are not realized, the measures can help in making adjustments.
How the Outcomes will be Measured and Evaluated Based on the Evidence
The outcomes will be measured and evaluated through standard data collection tools whose effectiveness has been established. However, where the tool need to be developed or realigned to the local needs of the target population, it is imperative to conduct a preliminary test before rolling it out the target population. Consequently, according to Bühn et al., (2017), the validity will be established when the data precisely measure what they are intended to measure. Consequently, the reliability will be established if the outcomes measures align with standard methods and definitions. On its side, the applicability will be established when the outcomes address the issue of heart failure among African American males.
Description of the Strategies to take if Outcomes do not Provide Positive Results
The best strategy implementation team can take when the outcomes provide negative results are to take charge, focus, and establish a centralized communication to manage the project and steer it back to the track. The project should be designed in a flexible manner that can be easily adjusted when the outcomes fail to provide positive results. Besides, there should be contingency measures in place to act as a fall back plan to the project. Besides, the implementation team should be able to identify the origin of the problem, understand the problem areas, and take measures to address the issue and strive to find ways to the right implementation path.
Description of the Implications for Practice and Future Research
The aim of this project was to determine the effectiveness of the use of community health workers to improve the control and management of heart failure among African American males. Although community health workers are important for success of this project, the cultural barriers may prove a challenge to their success. Lack of knowledge in cultural practices by the community health workers, especially who are non-Africans, can potentially impact the project adversely (Clifford, McCalman, Bainbridge & Tsey, 2015). As such, the future studies should focus on adapting materials such as sources of information to ensure that all materials used in the program are culturally responsive to the target population.
Bühn, S., Mathes, T., Prengel, P., Wegewitz, U., Ostermann, T., Robens, S., & Pieper, D. (2017). The risk of bias in systematic reviews tool showed fair reliability and good construct validity. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 91, 121-128.
Clifford, A., McCalman, J., Bainbridge, R., & Tsey, K. (2015). Interventions to improve cultural competency in health care for Indigenous peoples of Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the USA: a systematic review. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 27(2), 89-98.
Gibbons, E., Black, N., Fallowfield, L., Newhouse, R., & Fitzpatrick, R. (2016). Patient-reported outcome measures and the evaluation of services. In Challenges, solutions and future directions in the evaluation of service innovations in health care and public health. NIHR Journals Library.