NURS 8210 Week 5 Nursing and Health Care Informatics Ethics and the Law

NURS 8210 Week 5 Nursing and Health Care Informatics Ethics and the Law

By Day 3 post a cohesive response that addresses the following:

  • Describe your selected ethical issue.
  • Analyze the potential liabilities that this issue poses to the organization by referencing the AMIA Code of Ethics.
  • Formulate strategies that the organization could implement to address the ethical issue.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.

RE: Discussion – Week 5

The use of health information technologies is associated with a number of ethical issues. The selected ethical issue for this discussion question relates to the loss of data privacy and confidentiality. Health organizations have the obligations to ensure that the privacy and confidentiality of the patient data is maintained. The data should not be accessed by unauthorized parties. The identifiable data of the patients should also be safeguarded. Health organizations achieve data integrity by adopting effective health information systems that have enhanced system integrity (Karasneh et al., 2019). However, the stored data may be access by unauthorized parties through methods such as hacking, which threatens the confidentiality and privacy of the patient data.

The loss of data privacy and confidentiality is associated with a number of liabilities. Firstly, health organizations and providers are liable to lawsuits should the privacy and confidentiality of data be violated. Patients have the right to sue healthcare organizations and providers for their role in contributing to the loss of their private and confidential data. In most cases, the affected patients receive financial reimbursement for the harm caused by t

NURS 8210 Week 5 Nursing and Health Care Informatics Ethics and the Law

NURS 8210 Week 5 Nursing and Health Care Informatics Ethics and the Law

he loss of data privacy and confidentiality. The other implication is the loss of trust by patients towards the institution or healthcare providers (Petersen et al., 2018). Through it, the performance of the institution is affected.

One of the strategies that the organization could implement to ensure privacy and confidentiality of data is securing access to patient data. The access to data can be secured using mechanisms such as firewalls and passwords that are authenticated via short messaging services to the users of the systems. The other strategy is training healthcare providers (Sahi et al., 2018). Training equips them with knowledge and skills on ways of achieving the desired integrity in data storage and use.


Karasneh, R. A., Al-Azzam, S. I., Alzoubi, K. H., Hawamdeh, S. S., & Muflih, S. M. (2019). Patient Data Sharing and Confidentiality Practices of Researchers in Jordan. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy, 12, 255–263.

Petersen, C., Berner, E. S., Embi, P. J., Fultz Hollis, K., Goodman, K. W., Koppel, R., Lehmann, C. U., Lehmann, H., Maulden, S. A., McGregor, K. A., Solomonides, A., Subbian, V., Terrazas, E., & Winkelstein, P. (2018). AMIA’s code of professional and ethical conduct 2018. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 25(11), 1579–1582.

Sahi, M. A., Abbas, H., Saleem, K., Yang, X., Derhab, A., Orgun, M. A., Iqbal, W., Rashid, I., & Yaseen, A. (2018). Privacy Preservation in e-Healthcare Environments: State of the Art and Future Directions. IEEE Access, 6, 464–478.

Health information technology is continually changing and evolving. A common trend within healthcare is the movement towards implementing an electronic health record (EHR) (Koontz, 2015). An EHR is a platform which will encompass patient records electronically, however, this creates conflict among various ethical principles (Layman, 2008). With the implementation of an EHR, resides the requirements to ensure that privacy of patient records and information is maintained. To provide further context, in a discussion with a practitioner, it is assumed the highest degree of confidentiality is maintained. However, once this information is placed into an EHR, it is questionable whether boundaries are dissolved as information and charts are accessible by other practitioners (Croll, 2010).

The American Medical Informatics Association provides a code of ethics for practitioners to ensure ethical conduct (Peterson et al., 2018). The code references the use of health information technology and includes the expectations of members. Potential liabilities can be identified in multiple principles. Members are accountable to report issues regarding patient information and systems that could lead to a breech in privacy. This requires the nurse to be responsible for one’s own actions and to be knowledgeable regarding information technology (IT) and reporting processes. Furthermore, a nurse is responsible to ensure they are protecting patient health information. This refers to accessing, storage, and oral communication of patient data. Finally, nurses are responsible to understand given technology and should note limitations and access resources as needed.

To improve the above-mentioned potential liabilities, the education of staff should be considered. Staff should be aware of reporting procedures and be knowledgeable regarding how to access IT if needed. Education should also be provided regarding organizational policies and procedures that refer to privacy standards (Croll, 2010). Staff should understand their requirements when accessing patient charts that include confidential healthcare information. Information technology departments should complete random audits that provides data regarding personnel who are accessing charts. Staff should be aware that they are only to access information for those patients who are within their circle of care (College of Nurses of Ontario, 2019). Finally, it is beneficial to have trained super-users who have a good grasp of the EHR system so that they can support those who do not.


College of Nurses of Ontario. (2019). Practice Standard: Confidentiality and Privacy – Personal

Health Information. Retrieved from

Croll, P. (2010). Privacy, security and access with sensitive health information. Studies in Health

Technology and Informatics, 151, 167-175.

Layman, E. (2008). Ethical Issues and the Electronic Health Record. Health Care Manager27,


Koontz, L. (2015). Health information privacy in a changing landscape. Journal of American

Society on Aging, 39 (1), 97-104.

Peterson, C., Berner, E., Embi, P., Hollis, K, Goodman, K., Koppel, R., Lehmann, C., Lehmann,

H., Maulden, S., McGregor, K., Solomonides, A., Subbian, V., Terrazas, E., &

Winkelstein, P.  AMIA’s code of professional and ethical conduct 2018, Journal of the

American Medical Informatics Association, 25 (11), 1579–



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Late Policy

The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.

Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.

If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.

I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.

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Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:

Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.

Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

Important information for writing discussion questions and participation

Welcome to class

Hello class and welcome to the class and I will be your instructor for this course. This is a -week course and requires a lot of time commitment, organization, and a high level of dedication. Please use the class syllabus to guide you through all the assignments required for the course. I have also attached the classroom policies to this announcement to know your expectations for this course. Please review this document carefully and ask me any questions if you do. You could email me at any time or send me a message via the “message” icon in halo if you need to contact me. I check my email regularly, so you should get a response within 24 hours. If you have not heard from me within 24 hours and need to contact me urgently, please send a follow up text to

I strongly encourage that you do not wait until the very last minute to complete your assignments. Your assignments in weeks 4 and 5 require early planning as you would need to present a teaching plan and interview a community health provider. I advise you look at the requirements for these assignments at the beginning of the course and plan accordingly. I have posted the YouTube link that explains all the class assignments in detail. It is required that you watch this 32-minute video as the assignments from week 3 through 5 require that you follow the instructions to the letter to succeed. Failure to complete these assignments according to instructions might lead to a zero. After watching the video, please schedule a one-on-one with me to discuss your topic for your project by the second week of class. Use this link to schedule a 15-minute session. Please, call me at the time of your appointment on my number. Please note that I will NOT call you.

Please, be advised I do NOT accept any assignments by email. If you are having technical issues with uploading an assignment, contact the technical department and inform me of the issue. If you have any issues that would prevent you from getting your assignments to me by the deadline, please inform me to request a possible extension. Note that working fulltime or overtime is no excuse for late assignments. There is a 5%-point deduction for every day your assignment is late. This only applies to approved extensions. Late assignments will not be accepted.

If you think you would be needing accommodations due to any reasons, please contact the appropriate department to request accommodations.

Plagiarism is highly prohibited. Please ensure you are citing your sources correctly using APA 7th edition. All assignments including discussion posts should be formatted in APA with the appropriate spacing, font, margin, and indents. Any papers not well formatted would be returned back to you, hence, I advise you review APA formatting style. I have attached a sample paper in APA format and will also post sample discussion responses in subsequent announcements.

Your initial discussion post should be a minimum of 200 words and response posts should be a minimum of 150 words. Be advised that I grade based on quality and not necessarily the number of words you post. A minimum of TWO references should be used for your initial post. For your response post, you do not need references as personal experiences would count as response posts. If you however cite anything from the literature for your response post, it is required that you cite your reference. You should include a minimum of THREE references for papers in this course. Please note that references should be no more than 5 years old except recommended as a resource for the class. Furthermore, for each discussion board question, you need ONE initial substantive response and TWO substantive responses to either your classmates or your instructor for a total of THREE responses. There are TWO discussion questions each week, hence, you need a total minimum of SIX discussion posts for each week. I usually post a discussion question each week. You could also respond to these as it would count towards your required SIX discussion posts for the week.

I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!

Hi Class,

Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.

Contact me if you have any questions.

Important information on Writing a Discussion Question

  • Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
  • There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
  • Include in-text citations in your response
  • Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information
  • Follow APA-7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor

  • A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.
  • Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article
  • Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)
  • Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.
  • Follow APA 7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed
  • Remember to use and follow APA-7th edition for all weekly assignments, discussion questions, and participation points.
  • Here are some helpful links
  • Student paper example
  • Citing Sources
  • The Writing Center is a great resource