NURS 8310 Discussion 1: Psychosocial Factors in Health

NURS 8310 Discussion 1: Psychosocial Factors in Health

Post a cohesive scholarly response that addresses the following:

  • Provide a brief summary of each example, including the influence of psychosocial factors on health and disease as discussed in the research literature. Cite your sources.
  • What strategies are currently being used to address these factors? Support your response with examples from the literature.
  • Knowing that there are psychosocial factors that influence acute and chronic diseases, what is the role of the nurse in probing for that information or in larger initiatives?

Psychosocial Factors Influencing Health and Disease

The World Health Organization views health as a state of holistic wellness psychologically, physically, socially, spiritually, and not necessarily the lack of illness or frailness (Megari, 2013). Are our people mentally healthy? Are our people physically healthy? Are our people socially healthy? The definition brings an interlink of social life, health, and disease. Literature and research have given these factors a term, determinants of health. Factors such as work stress, low socioeconomic status, drug and substance abuse, access to health, and racial background influence an individual’s health status (Lewis et al., 2018; Patrick et al., 2012). This essay aims to discuss the connection between psychosocial risk factors and their influence on health and disease.

Coronary heart diseases have been the significant central study in the interlink of psychosocial factors and health (Haynes et al., 1978). The psychosocial factors have been categorized as either emotional stressors like depressive disorders or chronic stressors such as work stress and low social support (‌ Thoits, 2010; Rozanski et al., 1999; Haynes et al., 1978). In addition, he states depressive disorders can either be major depression or episodes of depression. Many research works on the topic have been based on depressive symptoms rather than depression as a disease and an influencer on coronary artery diseases and heart conditions at large.

Social support is the interaction between people and includes physical and emotional support. External factors such as work stress have categorically been linked with poor health and increased doctor’s office visits. This makes up chronic stressors, which are now a known cause of death due to cardiac diseases. A study by Haynes et al. (1978) found out that both men and women, when exposed to daily stress, have a higher risk of chronic heart diseases, which is also in line with a study by Hollis et al. (1990) that links the increased incidence of angina pectoris to increased stressful life events.

Doctors, especially cardiologists, have been managing physical influencers of cardiac

NURS 8310 Discussion 1 Psychosocial Factors in Health

NURS 8310 Discussion 1 Psychosocial Factors in Health

disease, and little is done on the psychosocial influencers because of their limited training in identifying these factors (Crinson 2007). Health, illness, and habits have all been impacted by psychosocial variables. These health habits are a reaction to daily pressures such as job-related stress. The most common reactive stress-related behavior is drug and substance misuse, associated with poor health and increased mortality. Health promotions on the dangers of alcohol and cigarette smoking have been employed to reduce their effects on society. Campaigns on mental health are ongoing, and access to mental health facilities has been increased across many states.

Finally, nurses have been called to task to be conduits of biomedicine, identify social aspects of health, and react accordingly. As discussed, correct identification of the factors will influence acute or chronic conditions management. Nurses are best placed to initiate community-related health activities, and it’s prudent they incorporate health promotion in their practice.


Crinson, I. (2007). Section 8: The role of medicine in society. Health knowledge.

Haynes, S. G., Levine, S., Scotch, N., Feinleib, M., & Kannel, W. B. (1978). The relationship of psychosocial factors to coronary heart disease in the Framingham study. American Journal of Epidemiology107(5), 362–383.

Hollis, J. F., Connett, J. E., Stevens, V. J., Greenlick, M. R., & MRFIT Group. (1990). Stressful life events, type of behavior, and the prediction of cardiovascular and total mortality over six years. Journal of Behavioral Medicine13(3), 263–280.

Megari, K. (2013). Quality of life in chronic disease patients. Health Psychology Research1(3), 27.

Patrick, M. E., Wightman, P., Schoeni, R. F., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2012). Socioeconomic status and substance use among young adults: a comparison across constructs and drugs. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs73(5), 772–782.

Rozanski, A., Blumenthal, J. A., & Kaplan, J. (1999). Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapy. Circulation99(16), 2192–2217.

‌ Thoits P. A. (2010). Stress and health: major findings and policy implications. Journal of

Health and Social Behavior51 Suppl, S41–S53.

Lewis, B., Hoffman, L., Garcia, C. C., & Nixon, S. J. (2018). Race and socioeconomic status in

substance use progression and treatment entry. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse17(2), 150–166.


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Important information for writing discussion questions and participation

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Your initial discussion post should be a minimum of 200 words and response posts should be a minimum of 150 words. Be advised that I grade based on quality and not necessarily the number of words you post. A minimum of TWO references should be used for your initial post. For your response post, you do not need references as personal experiences would count as response posts. If you however cite anything from the literature for your response post, it is required that you cite your reference. You should include a minimum of THREE references for papers in this course. Please note that references should be no more than 5 years old except recommended as a resource for the class. Furthermore, for each discussion board question, you need ONE initial substantive response and TWO substantive responses to either your classmates or your instructor for a total of THREE responses. There are TWO discussion questions each week, hence, you need a total minimum of SIX discussion posts for each week. I usually post a discussion question each week. You could also respond to these as it would count towards your required SIX discussion posts for the week.

I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!

Hi Class,

Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.

Contact me if you have any questions.

Important information on Writing a Discussion Question

  • Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
  • There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
  • Include in-text citations in your response
  • Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information
  • Follow APA-7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor

  • A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.
  • Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article
  • Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)
  • Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.
  • Follow APA 7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed
  • Remember to use and follow APA-7th edition for all weekly assignments, discussion questions, and participation points.
  • Here are some helpful links
  • Student paper example
  • Citing Sources
  • The Writing Center is a great resource