NURS 8310 Discussion: Measures of Effect SOLUTION

NURS 8310 Discussion: Measures of Effect

Post a cohesive scholarly response that addresses the following:

  • Analyze how measures of effect strengthen and support nursing practice. Provide at least two specific examples from the literature to substantiate your insights.
  • Assess dangers of not using measures of effect in nursing practice.

Measures of Effect


One significant use of epidemiology is the identification of characteristics that may raise the risk of a given health condition arising in a specific community. Epidemiological studies look at the link between exposure and specific outcomes (Tripepi et al., 2010). Risk ratio, incidence rate ratio, and odds ratio are all examples of measures of effect that assess both relative and absolute terms (Tripepi et al., 2010). Measures of effect in nursing assist nurses and other healthcare professionals make clinical decisions that will enhance patient outcomes by summarizing the strengths of a connection between exposures and outcomes (Tripepi et al., 2010).

Measures of natality and public health are two examples from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Natality measures are based on birth measurements within a community and indicate how pregnant women are cared for before and after giving birth. The number of live births during a particular time interval and the number of live births minus the number of deaths during a defined time interval are used to calculate the measures (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019). Public health measures indicate the link between a public health exposure and the ensuing outcome, such as the burden of casual relationships and the development of sexually transmitted illnesses and diseases (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019).

Researchers can calculate the absolute and relative impacts to determine how strong it is (

NURS 8310 Discussion Measures of Effect SOLUTION

NURS 8310 Discussion Measures of Effect SOLUTION

Tripepi et al., 2010). Risk and rate differences are absolute measures, whereas risk ratio, odds ratio, and incidence are relative measures.

The strength of the association between exposures and outcomes may be determined using measures effect. This is crucial in assisting nurse practitioners in making clinical practice decisions daily. The patient-to-nurse ratios, for example, can be used to assess the relationship between nurse workload and patient safety when analyzed. Nurses are responsible for assuring the safety and quality of care of patients in addition to being at their bedside. As various studies have shown a relationship between nurse staffing ratios and patient safety has revealed, an increased workload may generate burnout and jeopardize the nurse’s capacity to provide care (Carayon & Gurses, 2018; Clarke & Donaldson, 2008).

Another example is the importance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training in students to save lives. Al Hadid & Suleiman (2012) undertook a quasi-experimental, control group, pilot research to determine this association. Students in the study took a pretest, a 3-hour course in CPR, and then a posttest I. On the other hand, the experimental group received additional simulation training at the six-week mark. The study results revealed that in posttest II, the experimental group outperformed the control group in terms of CPR technique (Al Hadid & Suleiman, 2012). According to these data, students’ CPR performance increased six weeks after the extra boost simulation.

Finally, because measures effect is crucial in nursing practice, disregarding them can have disastrous consequences. In epidemiologic studies, using measures effect can aid in determining the link and association between exposure and outcome for a variety of illnesses. The knowledge gained from such research aids in improving practice and the provision of high-quality health and patient care.



Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Network. (2021). Nursing and

Patient Safety.‌

Al Hadid, L., & Hassan Suleiman, K. (2012). Effect of boost simulated session on CPR

competency among nursing students: A pilot study. Journal of Education and Practice, 3(16).

Carayon, P.  & Gurses, A. P. (2018, April). Nursing workload and patient safety—a human factors engineering perspective.; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, February 18). Principles of Epidemiology | Lesson 3 – Section 4.

Clarke, S. P., & Donaldson, N. E. (2008, April). Nurse staffing and patient care quality and safety.; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Tripepi, G., Jager, K. J., Dekker, F. W., & Zoccali, C. (2010). Measures of Effect in Epidemiological Research. Nephron Clinical Practice115(2), c91–c93.