The use of nursing theories is critical to patient care

The use of nursing theories is critical to patient care

The use of nursing theories is critical to patient care

The AACN defines scholarship of teaching as an inquiry that generates knowledge to foster the transfer of the science and art of nursing from the expert to the novice. It builds bridges between the instructor’s understanding and the learner’s learning (AACN, 1999). The scholarly style fosters educational environments that support diverse learning styles and progressively direct the focus of education on the learner (AACN, 1999). My educational module project aligns with Boyer’s scholarship of teaching because it aims to generate knowledge through analysis of peer-reviewed publications of research.

The use of nursing theories is critical to patient care because of the different purposes that they serve. Nursing theories assist in informing every interaction between nurses and patients. Through defining the features of the nurse-patient interaction, these theories shape how nurses develop relationships with patients (Wei et al., 2019). The purpose of most nursing theories is to help nurses identify care needs among patients, articulate what they can do for patients and why they do it, and determine the kind of information to collect to develop care plans. Through theories, nurses can comprehend and evaluate health situations, explain and anticipate certain responses from patients and map out objectives and anticipated outcomes (Bahabadi et al., 2020). These theories also help nurses determine the interventions to deliver, best practices, and selection of productive areas for research. The implication is that nursing theories are fundamental to quality care provision as they help nurses to possess background propositions to offer the best care.

The project aims at producing knowledge on the interventions that can be implemented to reduce stress levels among nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Knowledge generated from the inquiry will then be transferred from the instructor, who will be the expert, to the nurses, who are novice. The scholarship of teaching will be conducted by the nurses applying the knowledge obtained from the teaching-learning process in their nursing practice. Besides, an outcome evaluation will be conducted in the post-test to determine the teaching program’s effectiveness.

Boyer’s book on scholarship Reconsidered on the scholarship of teaching state that great teachers stimulate active learning and encourage learners to be critical and creative thinkers. The article defines a scholar as a person that acknowledges that knowledge is obtained through research, synthesis, practice, and teaching (Boyer, 1990). My project also aligns with the scholarship of teaching criteria since it entails conducting extensive research on strategies that effectively reduce stress in nursing practice. It also involves synthesizing literature from peer-reviewed articles to identify interventions that were the most effective in practice. After the stress-reduction strategies have been identified, they will be transferred to nurses through teaching to put them into practice. Besides, the learners will be encouraged to research effective strategies to reduce stress, stimulating creative and critical thinking.

The use of nursing theories is critical to patient care References

American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (1999). Defining scholarship for the discipline of nursing. Journal of Professional Nursing15(6), 372-376.

Boyer, E. L. (1990). Scholarship reconsidered: Priorities of the professoriate. Princeton University Press, 3175 Princeton Pike, Lawrenceville, NJ 08648.The use of nursing theories is critical to patient care

The use of nursing theories is critical to patient care Instructions

For the discussion this week, conduct research on the topic you have been working with since Unit 2. Then, in a well-developed  initial post, include the following:

  • A description of your research process
  • Three APA reference entries, each for a credible source related to your topic
  • Beneath each reference entry, include an annotation of the source

Finally, select one of the sources and provide a full evaluation of it in terms of the CRAAP criteria. That is, explain its currency, its relevance, its authority, its accuracy, and its purpose.

The three sources you select may be used, if you wish, in your final annotated bibliography that is due at the end of the unit.

Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with citations and references in APA format.

500-1000 word journal critically reflecting on your feelings, thoughts, and experiences.

You must include 1 peer reviewed source to support or challenge your experience.

  • These sources should focus on the history and contemporary state of your practice.
  • Sources should be in APA format.
  • Sources must not be an opinion or blog articles but rather peer-reviewed or from a major or local newspaper (but not in the opinion section) Please add an own experience for me ,and put  more sources.
The uncertainty surrounding Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the accompanying lockdown triggered considerable worry, tension, and anxiety. 
Yoga is well-known stress and anxiety-reduction technique that may also boost immunity. 
The goals of this study were to (1) see if incorporating Yoga into one’s daily routine is advantageous to one’s physical and mental health, and (2) to assess Yoga practitioners’ lifestyles to see if they can help people cope with the stress of lockdown. 
This is cross-sectional survey that was done across India during the lockdown. 
The COVID Health Assessment Scale (CHAS) was developed by 11 experts in three Delphi rounds (Content Valid Ratio 0.85) to assess people’s physical and mental health, lifestyles, and coping skills. 
The poll was conducted digitally using Google forms, and total of 23,760 CHAS replies were received. 
total of 23,290 valid replies were received (98 percent ). 
Following the study’s yogic practices inclusion and exclusion criteria, respondents were divided into two groups: Yoga (n 9,840) and Non-Yoga (n 3,377), who actively practiced Yoga during the Indian shutdown. 
Statistical studies were carried out using software version 4.0.0, which included logistic and multinomial regression, as well as odds ratio estimation. 
The non-Yoga group was more likely to use substances and eat unhealthy foods, as well as sleep poorly. 
Yoga practitioners claimed to have strong physical capabilities and endurance. 
In comparison to the non-Yoga group, the yoga group demonstrated reduced worry, stress, and fear, as well as better coping methods. 
The Yoga group demonstrated remarkable and superior ability to cope with the stress and anxiety related with COVID-19 confinement. 
Participants in the Yoga group who practiced meditation were said to have greater mental wellness. 
If specialized yoga protocols are applied as part of worldwide public health program, yoga may reduce COVID-19 risk by reducing stress and increasing immunity.
On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization proclaimed Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), which originated in Wuhan, China and was caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS CoV-2), pandemic. 
To prevent the spread of the virus and give hospitals enough time to prepare, governments around the world were forced to implement “Lockdown” in their respective countries. 
With the exception of emergencies, people were not allowed to remain outside throughout the lockdown.
On March 23, 2020, India implemented the world’s most stringent curfew (1). 
Many individuals were stranded in their houses or in containment zones, causing financial hardship for small enterprises and disrupting the work of domestic maids, daily wagers, and laborers. 
Furthermore, the public’s and healthcare staff’ ignorance about the disease’s contagious nature caused dread, panic, anxiety, and stress. 
COVID-19 susceptibility and severity were linked to co-morbidities (2–4), which added to the stress of patients with chronic illnesses. 
Furthermore, the global infodemic and fake news exacerbated public concern and stress (5, 6).
COVID-19 (7–10) has been linked to an increase in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following epidemics or natural disasters such as SARS, earthquakes, or tornadoes. 
To further understand the prevalence of psychological stress in the COVID-19 pandemic, Wang et al. conducted comprehensive self-administered online survey in China. 
Similar to previous studies conducted during the 2003 SARS pandemic, they noticed increased panic, tension, anxiety, and sadness (7, 8, 11). 
According to similar online survey conducted by Liu et al., 20% of people had anxiety, 27% had depression, 7.7% had psychological discomfort, and 10% of people had phobias (12). 
Furthermore, people’s behavioral patterns changed as result of lockdown, particularly their eating habits. 
Obesity was caused by increased use of junk food, soft drinks, and alcohol. 
Lockdown disturbed people’s normal routines, sleep hours, outdoor activities, and increased screen time and smoking, making them more susceptible to COVID-19 (13, 14). 
Similar results have been discovered in two short investigations conducted in India (15, 16).
The impact on psychological stress may be more evident due to continual worldwide media feeds and internet access, according to recent study on the COVID-19 pandemic. 
The current COVID Health Assessment Scale (CHAS) survey was created to assess the physical and mental health, as well as coping abilities, of participants who did and did not practice yoga. 
Yoga has been shown in several studies to improve physical and mental health by regulating the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal system, the sympathetic nervous system, lowering cortisol, and improving immunity as evidenced by increases in CD4, heart rate, fasting blood glucose, cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein levels (17–20). 
As result, Yoga practitioners appear to live healthy lifestyle in comparison to the overall population. 
This study looked into whether or not including Yoga into one’s daily routine is beneficial to one’s physical and mental wellbeing. 
Yoga practitioners also live healthier lifestyle, which helps them cope better with the limits and stress of being on lockdown.

Based on the required readings for this week, previous lessons and experience as a nurse, it is evident that nursing theory is necessary for nurses to offer quality care and navigate patient needs in the ever transforming and complex nursing profession. Nursing theory provides a framework that guides the nursing practice in using concepts and relationships in patient evaluations and interventions (Butts & Rich, 2018). If nursing practice lacked theory, possibly, there will be loss of separation and clear distinction of the profession. Society has historically considered nursing as a vocational occupation and not a profession where nurses are expected to carry orders by physicians and clinical officers, especially in developing countries, without any form of accountability. However, through the development of theory as proposed by Nightingale in her notes over a century back, nursing is now an evolving profession and academic discipline as well as a science. Pioneers in the profession established nursing theories and models to emphasize the role of nursing profession in enhancing patient outcomes and quality healthcare delivery. Nurses possess critical thinking and scientific knowledge as well as ideas that they can use to improve patient care delivery (Gilbert, 2020). They can develop individualized interventions focused on health promotion, disease prevention and long-term care for patients with terminal conditions.

Nursing theories help to instill identity in nurses, enabling patients and other healthcare providers and professionals as well as managers to appreciate nurses’ roles and individual contributions to healthcare promotion and patient quality care. Nursing theories allow nurses to offer patient-centered care, utilize evidence-based practice interventions in health promotion, and development of professional values and work ethics to attain better patient outcomes (Younas & Quennell, 2019). Nursing theory empowers nurses to understand the transforming health system, address the expanding care demand and improve professional knowledge and skills to attain better patient care. Evidence shows that the use of theory provides structure and organization to nursing knowledge and offers a systemic means of collecting information and data to describe, explain, and predict trends that will shape the nursing practice like the increased of health technologies through telemedicine among others.

The use of nursing theories is critical to patient care References

Butts, B. J. & Rich, L. K. (2018). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing

practice (3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Gilbert, H. A. (2020). Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory and its influence on

contemporary infection control. Collegian, 27(6), 626–633.

Younas, A., & Quennell, S. (2019). Usefulness of nursing theory‐guided practice: an integrative

review. Scandinavian journal of caring sciences, 33(3), 540-555.

DOI: 10.1111/scs.12670.