Topic 6: Overview Of Quality Data

Quality Data Sources Organizer

The National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report (NHQDR) is a product of a partnership among agencies from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), various federal departments, and the private sector. The 2019 NHQDR contains various new features that enhance the reader’s insight into healthcare access, the workforce in healthcare, and the NHQDR measure set (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality [AHRQ], (2020). The 2019 report is organized regarding the concept of quality of care, access to care, disparities in care, and six priority areas, including person-centered care, patient safety, care coordination, effective treatment, healthy living, and affordability of care (AHRQ, 2020). The purpose of this organizer is to discuss NHQDR’s data sources, with a focus on the primary content, targeted population, demographic data, schedule, and how and when the data can be used.

Data Source Primary Content Population Targeted Demographic Data Schedule Is This a Source of Primary or Secondary Data? How / When / Where
the Information Might
Be Used
National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)


NSDUH collects an individual’s demographic data including; age at first use, lifetime, past-year, and last-month use of the following substances: illicit drugs, inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used for non-medical use, alcohol, and tobacco; substance use disorders; substance use treatment; healthcare; mental health disorders; and  utilization of mental health service (US Department of Health and Human Services [US.HHS],  (2020). Non-institutionalized U.S. civilians aged 12 years and above. Age, sex, race/ethnicity, education,  marital status, employment status, health insurance,  family income ,veteran status, current household composition, and metropolitan status of county (US.HHS, 2020). Yearly Secondary data The information can be used by public health departments to establish the population using drug substances and identify the appropriate health promotion interventions to use to lower the prevalence of substance abuse among teenagers and young adults.

The data can also be used by the FDA in identifying the most commonly used drug substances and establishing ways to reduce their sale and use in the country.


United States Renal Data System (USRDS)


Date ESRD was diagnosed, treatment approach, causes of mortality, survival rate, hospitalization, cost and cost-effectiveness, and institutional providers of ESRD treatment.

Special surveys encompass preventive health measures, behavioral risk factors, health status, activity limitations, and healthcare access and utilization (US.HHS, 2020).

Patients diagnosed with ESRD. Sex, age, race, and ethnicity Yearly Secondary data The information can be used by state health departments to identify the health outcomes of ESRD patients. It can guide researchers on the gaps in the care of ESRD patients to lower the morbidity and mortality rates associated with the condition.
Substance Abuse Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) Patient demographics; primary, secondary, and tertiary substance; length of stay; reason for discharge. Admissions to public substance abuse treatment centers. Age, sex, ethnicity, and level of education. Monthly or quarterly submissions from states; annual report. Secondary data The information can be beneficial to mental health and substance abuse agencies and organizations to have more insight on the characteristics of individuals admitted for substance abuse treatment. It can be used to establish the quality of care provided to these patients in the public facilities and identify new ways to improve treatment.
National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) Patient demographics, insurance status, tumor site, stage and morphology, comorbidities, first course of therapy, disease recurrence, and survival information (US.HHS, 2020). Patients diagnosed with Cancer in the United States. Sex, age at cancer diagnosis, and race/ethnicity. Annually Secondary data The information can be used by state health departments to identify the number of persons with cancer in their states including newly diagnosed patients.

This can be used in planning the distribution of healthcare resources for cancer treatment.

The data can also be used to identify the population at high risk of cancer and the most prevalent cancers, which will guide in health promotion activities.

Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System (MPSMS)


The goal of MPSMS is to offer a tool to improve patient safety by gaining insight of the degree of particular patient safety issues related to the processes of health care delivery.

MPSMS monitors adverse event categories including:

Adverse drug events

Adverse events related to surgical procedures Hospital-acquired infections. Adverse events related to the hospital stay that were not present during admission, such as inpatient falls and pressure ulcers (US.HHS, 2020).

Hospital inpatients aged 18 years and older admitted for one of the following four conditions of interest: Acute myocardial infarction, Heart failure, Pneumonia, and a subset of major surgical procedures, insured by any payer (US.HHS, 2020). Age, race, sex, and source of payment. Data are presented and collected monthly and reported yearly. Secondary data The data can be used by healthcare organizations to identify the prevalent patient safety issues in the patient care settings. The information can be used to guide quality improvement projects in hospitals aimed at enhancing patient safety.

Besides, it can be used to identify gaps in patient safety and establish interventions to improve patient safety.

Topic 6 Overview Of Quality Data


The NHQDR contains summaries of the status of healthcare access, quality, and disparities. Various types of data are used to offer complementary views of healthcare, including patient and population surveys, administrative data from health facilities, provider surveys, medical records, surveillance systems, registries, and vital statistics. Patient care settings used in the NHQDR include health centers, ambulatory care, hospitals, emergency departments, nursing homes, hospices, and home health. Information from the data sources can be used by public health departments, government agencies, and healthcare organizations to identify gaps in the access and quality of care. It can also be used to plan for interventions to improve access to care and quality of healthcare and reduce the disparities in healthcare.


Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2020). National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report Introduction and Methods.

US Department of Health and Human Services. (2020). 2019 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, AHRQ Publication20, 21.


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The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.

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Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.

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Important information for writing discussion questions and participation

Welcome to class

Hello class and welcome to the class and I will be your instructor for this course. This is a -week course and requires a lot of time commitment, organization, and a high level of dedication. Please use the class syllabus to guide you through all the assignments required for the course. I have also attached the classroom policies to this announcement to know your expectations for this course. Please review this document carefully and ask me any questions if you do. You could email me at any time or send me a message via the “message” icon in halo if you need to contact me. I check my email regularly, so you should get a response within 24 hours. If you have not heard from me within 24 hours and need to contact me urgently, please send a follow up text to

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Plagiarism is highly prohibited. Please ensure you are citing your sources correctly using APA 7th edition. All assignments including discussion posts should be formatted in APA with the appropriate spacing, font, margin, and indents. Any papers not well formatted would be returned back to you, hence, I advise you review APA formatting style. I have attached a sample paper in APA format and will also post sample discussion responses in subsequent announcements.

Your initial discussion post should be a minimum of 200 words and response posts should be a minimum of 150 words. Be advised that I grade based on quality and not necessarily the number of words you post. A minimum of TWO references should be used for your initial post. For your response post, you do not need references as personal experiences would count as response posts. If you however cite anything from the literature for your response post, it is required that you cite your reference. You should include a minimum of THREE references for papers in this course. Please note that references should be no more than 5 years old except recommended as a resource for the class. Furthermore, for each discussion board question, you need ONE initial substantive response and TWO substantive responses to either your classmates or your instructor for a total of THREE responses. There are TWO discussion questions each week, hence, you need a total minimum of SIX discussion posts for each week. I usually post a discussion question each week. You could also respond to these as it would count towards your required SIX discussion posts for the week.

I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!

Hi Class,

Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.

Contact me if you have any questions.

Important information on Writing a Discussion Question

  • Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
  • There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
  • Include in-text citations in your response
  • Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information
  • Follow APA-7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor

  • A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.
  • Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article
  • Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)
  • Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.
  • Follow APA 7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed
  • Remember to use and follow APA-7th edition for all weekly assignments, discussion questions, and participation points.
  • Here are some helpful links
  • Student paper example
  • Citing Sources
  • The Writing Center is a great resource