Write a 750‐1,000 word paper discussing the influence of the IOM report on nursing practice NRS 430

NRS 430-Professional Development of Nursing Professionals

Professional Development of Nursing Professionals

Write a 750‐1,000 word paper discussing the influence of the IOM report on nursing practice NRS 430

Continuing professional development of nurses is a fundamental aspect of lifelong learning and allows nurses to keep knowledge and their skills up-to-date. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) in its 2010 recognized the role that nurses would play in healthcare reforms and made a raft of recommendations based on its four key messages (Brunt & Morris, 2021). Therefore, a core aspect of these messages is the need for nurses to improve their skills through lifelong learning by getting advanced nursing education. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the influence of the IOM report on nursing practice and the need for professional development among nurses as a critical component of healthcare provision.

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Four Message of the IOM Report & Significance to Nursing Practice

The 2010 IOM report had four key messages or recommendations for nurses to position themselves strategically in healthcare provision. Firstly, the report stresses the need for nurses to practice to the fullest level of their education and training without any hindrances imposed by state boards of nursing. The message influences nursing practice as it means that nurses should be barred from practicing what they have trained on in different specialties (Price & Reichert, 2018). Secondly, the report asserted that nurses should engage in lifelong learning to acquire higher levels of education and training based on a better education system. The message means that the nursing practice requires professional nurses to engage in continual professional development to attain the latest skills and knowledge in healthcare provision, especially the deployment of technology.

Thirdly, the report asserts that nurses should be full partners alongside physicians and other healthcare profession to redesign the health care system. The message means that nurses can also practice autonomously based on their training to enhance access to care among patient populations. Fourthly, the report asserts that effective workforce planning and making policies needs better data gathering and an improved information infrastructure (Grand Canyon University, 2018). The implication is that the nursing profession should have relevant data to assess the different specialties for nurses to improve care delivery.

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The IOM report has significant influence on nursing education and leadership. Firstly, as equal partners, nurses are leaders and have increased power to advocate change and revise restrictive barriers to practice. Nurses are recognized as primary care providers in

Write a 750‐1,000 word paper discussing the influence of the IOM report on nursing practice NRS 430
Write a 750‐1,000 word paper discussing the influence of the IOM report on nursing practice NRS 430

certain states and can lead in care provision among inter-professional and multidisciplinary teams (Shelton et al., 2020). The IOM report has improved nurses access to better and advanced education as it recommended an increase in Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) prepared-nurses to respond to the changing nature of healthcare provision. Through the recommendation and evidence-based practice (EBP) findings, many facilities introduced tuition reimbursement, instituted continuing education plans and promotions to incentivize nurses to attain higher educational qualifications.

BSN-prepared nurses have more competency and necessary skills in communication, critical thinking, management and leadership compared to their non-BSN-prepared colleagues. Further, BSN-prepared nurses are becoming designers, coordinators, and care managers in different situations (Tierney et al., 2020). Therefore, the IOM report implores stakeholders to continuously transform the nursing profession as frontline care providers, and encourages them to attain higher education to be leaders in different areas of care provision.

Evolving Role and Education of Nurses to Meet Needs of Diverse Patient Population

Nurses roles continue to expand and transform because of different aspects impacting the healthcare sector and care delivery. These include an aging population, patient diversity, and integration of innovative care models like value-based purchasing aimed at enhancing access to quality care as well as the implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) interventions (Tierney et al., 2020). Today, nurses leverage their education and training to deliver safe and quality care in an effective manner. The increasing prevalence of chronic conditions due to arise in life expectancy means that nurses will have more roles in different care settings. Emerging infectious diseases like the Coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) that cause pandemics and public health concerns like the opioid epidemic means that nurses will remain frontline care providers. Therefore, nurses must educate patients on aspects like self-management for those with diabetes, promote primary and preventive care in community settings, and collaborate with other healthcare workers to deliver quality care.

Nurses need higher education and training to meet the needs of the expanding scope of practice and increasing accessibility among patients. Racial diversity continues to define American society and nurses need cultural competence to deliver quality care. The implication is that nurses should be prepared to offer services, initiative, and interventions that are culturally appropriate and sensitive to these diverse patient populations (Mlambo et al., 2021). Nurses based on their expanding roles have the best position to advance and advocate for patient needs, especially in primary care settings.

Significance of Continuing Nursing Education

Professional development or lifelong learning is significant to nursing and very relevant in caring for diverse populations across the lifespan and in the health-illness continuum. Lifelong learning allows nurses to acquire requisite skills to interact with patients, especially from diverse cultural settings. Lifelong learning ensures that nurses have up-to-date medical and health knowledge and can promote primary care interventions in their practice (Price & Reichert, 2018). Lifelong learning gives nurse a chance to acquire better approaches to care situations, align their experience and scientific study findings by implementing EBP model, and increasing wellness of patients (Brunt & Morris, 2021). Through professional development, nurses acquire better skills that include critical thinking and problem-solving attributes required to resolve issues that they face in care delivery. Therefore, nurses must embrace lifelong learning to improve their skills and offer quality care to diverse patient populations through cultural competent care.

Evolution of Healthcare System and Management of Patient Care

The management of patient care is at the core of the nursing profession. Nurses can effectively manage patient care as the health care system evolves by using EBP interventions and offering care that is patient-focused. They should also acquire advanced education and competence aimed at meeting demands of an aging and diverse population and society. Advanced education will remove practice barriers and allow nurses to engage in research (Grand Canyon University, 2018). Nurses can transform the health care system through advanced education when they focus on utilization of research evidence and safe quality patient care. Nurses should also lead inter-professional teams and focus on enhanced teamwork to deliver quality care. They also need to understand their roles and responsibilities within their multidisciplinary team setting for better patient care management.


Professional nursing development is critical for nurses to meet the growing need and diversity of health care system. Nurses should attain the suggestions made by the IOM report to position themselves better to deliver quality care. The diversity in population and care demand require nurses to enhance their education, adopt EBP interventions, and work collaboratively in teams to deliver quality care to patients and health populations.


Brunt, A. B. & Morris, M. M. (2021). Nursing Professional Development. StatPearls [Internet].

Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Dynamics in nursing: Art & science of professional

practice. Chapter 4.


Price, S., & Reichert, C. (2018). The importance of continuing professional development to

career satisfaction and patient care: meeting the needs of novice to mid-to late-career nurses throughout their career span. Administrative Sciences, 7(2), 17. doi:10.3390/admsci7020017

Mlambo, M., Silén, C., & McGrath, C. (2021). Lifelong learning and nurses’ continuing

professional development, a meta-synthesis of the literature. BMC nursing, 20(1), 1-13. DOI:

Tierney, M., Finnell, D. S., Naegle, M., Mitchell, A. M., & Pace, E. M. (2020). The Future of

Nursing: Accelerating gains made to address the continuum of substance use. Archives of psychiatric nursing, 34(5), 297-303. DOI: 10.1016/j.apnu.2020.07.010.

Shelton, D., Maruca, A. T., & Wright, R. (2020). Nursing in the American justice system.

Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 34(5), 304-309. DOI: 10.1016/j.apnu.2020.07.019

Also read on:

People inhabit different socioeconomic backgrounds with varying resources, values, and cultures. These variations prompt considerable health-related differences, including access to care, people’s perception of health, and health promotion activities. Since variations in resources and geographical locations are the primary cause of health disparities, interventions to reduce them should be intensified at the local and national levels. Nurses should also embrace their role as health equity promoters and ensure all populations get the deserved healthcare services. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the significance of health equity in the National Academy of Medicine 2021 report, the impacts of social determinants of health, nurses’ role in equity promotion, and the significance of self-care.

The Significance of Healthy Equity in the National Academy of Medicine 2021 Report

Nurses play a pivotal role in advancing health by combining skills, expertise, and passion. Addressing health inequities to improve people’s health is among the highly stressed nurses’ roles. The National Academy of Medicine 2021 report explores nurses’ work in reducing health disparities and promoting equity into 2030 (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 2023). Other focus areas include nurses’ role in cost reduction and technology utilization to achieve the best possible care for patients and populations. To achieve these goals, the current healthcare system should educate, remunerate and employ adequate nurses to remove barriers to care, diversify the workforce, and empower nurses to address health equity issues (Wakefield et al., 2021). As the report underlines, achieving health equity ensures all populations live the healthiest life possible irrespective of where they live, income levels, and race, among other factors. In collaboration with the government and partners, the healthcare system should also prepare the next generation of nurses to promote health equity and ensure all populations receive quality healthcare services. A suitable way of achieving this goal is to revamp nursing education to ensure nurses understand all the social and environmental factors that cause disparities, how to collaborate with colleagues to address health equity issues, and care provision to diverse populations.

Social Determinants of Health

Social determinants of health (SDOH) significantly influence health outcomes across populations. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2022) described SDOH as the conditions where people are born, live, and work and other wider systems that shape daily life. Largely, SDOH are the nonmedical factors influencing population health outcomes. They include education, healthcare access and quality, social and community contexts, access to nutritious foods and safe housing. Economic and social policies are among the wider forces impacting people’s health. Regarding their impacts on health equity, access to healthy foods increases health disparities in the affected communities. People’s geographical locations, cultural norms, and income levels affect access to healthy foods. Lack of access to healthy foods implies poor nutrition, increasing the risk of obesity and diabetes (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2023). Life expectancy also reduces in populations with poor access to healthy foods.

Role of the Nurse in Improving Health Equity and Impacting Social Needs

Nurses can use their position and influence to improve health equity and effectively address people’s multidimensional needs. In agreement with Oruche and Zapolski (2020), nurses can reduce health disparities by being increasingly committed to diversity, inclusion and breaking down barriers to health. In this case, they should ensure health resources are fairly distributed according to people’s diverse needs and that all patients are assisted to achieve their full health potential. The other critical nurse’s role is advocacy, which entails protecting patients’ rights and acting as their voice (Nsiah et al., 2019). While serving this role, nurses ensure no one faces discrimination when seeking care and that all patients can comfortably and safely interact with healthcare professionals. Importantly, nurses should partner with political and health stakeholders to advance health in the communities through education, screening, and other health-related activities. Such activities enable people to understand their health and social needs, advocate for them, and seek timely interventions to live healthily and productively.

Significance of Self-Care for Nursing Burnout and Strategies for Personal and Spiritual Health

Nurse burnout is prevalent in current settings and impedes nurses’ ability to provide high-quality care. Practicing self-care is crucial for nurses to reduce stress, increase their energy levels, and be better positioned to provide compassionate care (Kaple, 2023; Nilsson, 2022). Self-care ensures that nurses are optimally physically, mentally, and emotionally. Self-care strategies include regulating shift schedules, avoiding a high workload, building healthy relationships with co-workers, and exercising. Mindfulness and practicing spirituality are also highly recommended for nurses experiencing or at risk of burnout. To maintain personal and spiritual health, nurses should embrace mindfulness, meditative walking, and religious practices, such as prayers and reading religious books (Nilsson, 2022). These interventions provide nurses with the much-needed psychophysical balance and wellness to practice in stressful conditions. They also improve coping, which reduces job dissatisfaction, anxiety, and fatigue.


Nurses work in diverse settings and encounter patients with varying needs. Irrespective of these differences, nurses must strive to provide timely and satisfactory care as professionally mandated. The endeavor to promote health equity should be universal among nurses to ensure all populations can achieve the best possible care. Besides, nurses should practice self-care through meditation, exercises, mindfulness, and spirituality. Self-care enables them to cope with nurse burnout hence high productivity and job satisfaction.




Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Social determinants of health at CDC.,the%20conditions%20of%20daily%20life.

Kaple, T. (2023). Top tips for nurses on dealing with burnout. NurseJournal.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2023). The future of nursing 2020-2030.

Nilsson, H. (2022). Spiritual self-care management for nursing professionals: A holistic approach. Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses’ Association40(1), 64–73.

Nsiah, C., Siakwa, M., & Ninnoni, J. P. K. (2019). Registered Nurses’ description of patient advocacy in the clinical setting. Nursing Open6(3), 1124–1132.

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2023). Social determinants of health.

Oruche, U. M., & Zapolski, T. C. (2020). The role of nurses in eliminating health disparities and achieving health equity. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services58(12), 2-4.

Wakefield, M., Williams, D. R., & Le Menestrel, S. (2021). The future of nursing 2020-2030: Charting a path to achieve health equity. Nursing Outlook, (70)6, S1-S9.