Discussion: NURS 4115 The Role of the Nurse in Global Health

Discussion: NURS 4115 The Role of the Nurse in Global Health

Discussion NURS 4115 The Role of the Nurse in Global Health

In this week’s media presentation, Dr. Louise Fitzpatrick shared how health and disease are global issues. She pointed out that with the mobility of today’s population, health issues experienced in one area of the world are easily brought to other areas of the world through such means as travel and immigration. They can also be brought to a nation’s doorstep through the migration of animals, insects, and birds. Consider the spread of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, avian flu, H1N1, or SARS. These diseases have quickly crossed oceans and spread to multiple countries. They are a public health concern in the United States as well as other countries.

To prepare for this Discussion:

Reflect on Dr. Mancuso’s comments in this week’s media presentation; specifically, on the role of the BSN nurse in public and global health.
Select one health problem that you will use as a basis of comparison between countries.
Identify one developed and one developing country.
Compare and contrast the health problems and countries you selected with the United States in terms of World Health Organization (WHO) outcomes. In your analysis, be sure to include information about workforce availability to deal with the country’s disease burden.

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Based on your examination of the research, how well is the United States performing in terms of public health as compared to the developed and developing countries you selected?
Think about what countries with worse outcomes could learn from countries with better outcomes.
Think about why nurses should be concerned with global health issues and what the role of the nurse should be in public health.

By Day 3

Post your analysis of one health problem between one developed and one developing country in comparison with the United States in terms of the WHO outcomes and criteria listed above. State your opinion about how well the United States is doing in terms of public health. Share what you think countries with worse outcomes could learn from countries with better outcomes. Explain the nurse’s role in public and global health and why nurses should be concerned with global health issues. Conclude by summarizing your view of the role of the nurse in public health.

Support your response with references from the professional nursing literature.

Advancement in technology and its integration in health to enhance patient safety and workflow efficiency influence additional roles and responsibilities for nurses, especially during the implementation of new systems (Koivunen & Saranto, 2018). Health information technology (HIT) is a core component of enhancing patient care, making informed decisions about care delivery and developing care plans through inter-professional collaboration. 3 Nurses use HIT to improve patient care, enhance care coordination and improve accessibility to patient information as well as efficiency (Ihsan & Kadir, 2018). 4 The introduction of a new information system in healthcare organizations requires the involvement of nurses at all stages of the system development life cycle (SDLC). 5 The purpose of this paper is to describe the role of a graduate nurse to guide participation in the implementation team of a new HIT system. The description focuses on nurses’ role based on the SDLC stages and tasks and their participation in each stage.

Role Description

a). Planning and Requirement Definition The planning and requirement definition is the first phase of the SDLC process and entails evaluation of the scope of the present system and overview of the proposed new system and its objectives. Considerations include cost, time, benefits and other critical components of the system. In this phase, stakeholders also consider constraints, threats, and security issues linked to the proposed system. At this stage, the graduate-level nurse has significant roles in the SDLC process (Laureate Education, 2018). 4 The nurse works with the interdisciplinary team to establish system’s requirements including technical, clinical and service delivery elements. As end user, the nurse focuses on how the new system should meet the different care needs (Yen et al., 2017). The graduate nurse can also assist testing and identifying design flaws in the new system to ensure that it captures all needs and requirements. 4 The role of the nurse is to identify concerns and needs of the frontline nurse to ensure that the system is tailored to deal with the ensuing challenges and care demands.

b). Analysis The analysis stage entails establishing system’s process and workflows. The stage also involves determining if the system meets the requirements and evaluating any need for changes. The phase provides a chance to ensure that end-user needs are incorporates into the system to meet expectations. 4 The stage involves defining requirements and prototype of the new system. 3 At this stage, the graduate nurse has an essential role of working with the interdisciplinary team in helping identify essential challenges that the system may have to the end-user and offer possible solution or seek alternatives from the team (Laureate Education, 2018b). The nurse explains components that were working in the previous system with the developer to determine what needs to be added and its overall impact on the information infrastructure. Through the guidelines and inputs, the team ensures that it does not deploy a faulty system that fails to meet the aspirations of the facility.

c). 6 Designing the new System

3 The design face entails defining the databases, applications and user interfaces of the new system. These components represent the functional aspects of the system for effective delivery to work flawlessly. 7 In this phase, the team generates reports, mockups, prototypes and screenshots to determine possible hitches to ensure that it meets the requirements (Wager et al., 2017). 3 In this phase, the graduate nurse may have a limited role due to the technical nature of the phase. However, the nurse can recommend certain operational mechanisms to enhance the functioning of the system. The graduate nurse ensures that system design is easy to use and friendly to the end-user. The nurse should also establish the applicability of the system to meet end-user’s informational needs.

d). Implementation Phase

3 The implementation phase is the most critical as the majority of system coding for the program occurs and the system is placed into production. The developer transfers data and components from the old system to the new one and installs and rolls it out for end-users (Magnuson & Dixon, 2020). 3 In collaboration with the interdisciplinary team working on the system, the graduate nurse has a role to undertake system performance evaluation and assist in identifying chances for redesigning where the evaluation process suggests so. 4 The nurse should help in educating and training other nurses and staff members on the working of the new system.

e). 8 Post-Implementation Support

7 The post-implementation phase entails testing and maintenance of the new system. The system developer needs to test the system before delivering it to the organization. Testing purposes to ascertain that the system offers appropriate output and solves issues it is expected to address. The gradate nurse ensures that the output offered by the system aligns with the health care infrastructure needs, especially end-user requirements and interface (Mathews et al., 2019). The system should meet nursing documentation roles like capturing, storing, and retrieving information for effective, and informed decision making. The graduate nurse ensures that all issues experienced post-implementation are addressed and system developers have strategies to upgrade and make it capture the different organizational needs.


A graduate nurse is an essential component of developing a new system based on the various stage of the SDCL. The nurse acts as a leader, contributor through input, and guidelines the team on the scope to meet needs based on the requirements. from planning to the post-implementation phase, the nurse helps to make the system better and capture all needs of end-user nurses in meeting care delivery needs based on identified population.


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Koivunen, M., & Saranto, K. (2018). Nursing professionals’ experiences of the facilitators and barriers to the use of telehealth applications: 10 a systematic review of qualitative studies. Scandinavian journal of caring sciences, 32(1), 24-44.

8 Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Systems Implementation [Video file]. Baltimore, MD:


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Magnuson, J. 3 A., & Dixon, B. E. (Eds.). (2020). 3 Public health informatics and information

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Wager, K. 3 A., Lee, F. W., & Glaser, J. P. (2017). 3 Health care information systems: a practical

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