DQ: Explain the role of health education in health promotion
The role of health education is used in health promotion to prevent disease, while also helping people improve their health. Health promotion is the process of enabling individuals to increase control and improve their health status. According to Falkner, 2018, nurses are actively involved in both health promotion and health education, providing education that is necessary to help patients achieve control over the promotion of their own health.
Nursing education is theory driven. Theories are derived from the humanities, sciences, and Biblical concepts. Nursing knowledge, theory, research, and health promotion are influenced by spiritual perspectives, and ethical, legal, political, historical, and social influences. The faculty values excellence in teaching with an individual focus on the learner. Teaching includes a variety of methods, learning modalities, and practice situations. Faculty provide opportunities for students to give comprehensive care to diverse client populations, and the learning environment is created and arranged to meet individual learning outcomes that are consistent with the College of Nursing and Health Care Professions program outcomes. The College of Nursing and Health Care Professions supports life-long learning endeavors and fosters an appreciation of diversity among traditional and nontraditional learners. Students are educated to provide, direct, and evaluate client-centered care while focusing on the person as an integrated whole.
The nursing process is a logical problem-solving approach used to identify, prevent and treat potential health problems and promote wellness. It used to formulate changes in approaching patient’s changing condition.
A contemporary issue that a family may experience today is having a parent, relative having mental health problems. Mental health issues results to depression, excessive alcohol use disorders, schizophrenia and bipolar disorders which are among the ten foremost causes of mental disability worldwide. As it is in physical health, nurses can promote mental health by building good relationships with patients, encouraging healthy behaviors, and recognizing and treating symptoms early. The nurse works with the family and the interdisciplinary team to develop an approach that fully meets the patient and family needs and enables the patient and the family to take control of their health and wellness (Falkner, 2018).
Falkner, A. (2018). Health Education, Promotion, and Current Challenges for Family-Centered Health Promotion. In Grand Canyon University (Eds.), Health and Wellness Across the Continuum. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs429vn/health-promotion-health-and-wellness-across-the-continuum/v1.1/#/chapter/5
It is the role of nurses to educated patients in order to help promote their health. If nurses are not educating their patients, then
patients are not getting the information needed in order to take care of their health and their diseases. As an ED nurse I educate people multiple times throughout the day. One of the main ways I do this is, is by going over the patients discharge instructions. I go over their new medications that are prescribed and when to take them; I also go over the specialists they need to call for follow ups. This is a crucial step in the discharge process. If the patient does not understand their discharge instructions, it could lead to deteriorating health and possibly rehospitalization. Every nurse in school is taught the nursing process. Even if it seemed far-fetched then, nurses use it every day in their practice. In the ED there are patient who come in with pulmonary edema. One of the first line defenses that we use for that is bipap. However, as a nursing supervisor in the ED, when rounding on patients and staff, I have come across one incident that I could use to help explain this. There was a patient who was not admitted for shortness of breath. However, the ED has been holding inpatients for days prior to them going upstairs since the hospital is full. This evening this patient had been in the ED for 2 days. The patient started to have shortness of breath.
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The nurse caring for this patient administered a breathing treatment to the patient. Upon myself coming to round on the nurse and the patient, the nurse told me the patient was still having shortness of breath after the breathing treatment. I asked the nurse if she had auscultated the patient’s breath sounds. She had told me no. I explained to her that just because a patient is having shortness of breath does not automatically mean a breathing treatment is going to fix that. After listening to the patient’s lungs, the patient was not wheezing. In fact, the patient had crackles. I told the nurse t paged the doctor and respiratory therapy. I explained to the nurse that the patient was going to need a diuretic and bipap. When the inpatient provider came down, they had agreed. In this process we assessed the patient, implemented a plan, and then evaluated if the treatment was working. which it was. One issue that arises multiple time for us in the ED is motor vehicle accidents. Motor vehicle accidents happen every day, and being a trauma center we get plenty of patients who were involved in a motor vehicle accident. Upon discharge or even if the patient gets admitted it is imperative to teach about the need for seat belts. If it is a young driver, I make sure to talk to them about the importance of not texting and driving. These days cars can do talk texting now. Which is a much safer option to use. It is the nurse’s job to educate these patients in order to decrease the chance of something like that happening again.
Falkner, A. (2018). Health Education, Promotion, and Current Challenges for Family-Centered Health Promotion. Gcumedia.com. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs429vn/health-promotion-health-and-wellness-across-the-continuum/v1.1/#/chapter/5