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HLT 362 Describe the difference between research and quality improvement

HLT 362 Describe the difference between research and quality improvement

Describe the difference between research and quality improvement. Provide a workplace example where qualitative and quantitative research is applied and how it was used within your organization. When replying to peers, discuss how these research findings might be incorporated into another health care setting.

The purpose of qualitative research is to understand individuals lives and figure out what the central meaning is (Renjith 2021). To analyze different phenomena in this context, researchers gather many different views from different individuals to see how the phenomenon effects their life (Maxwell 2020). An example of this would be mothers with children who have leukemia (Renjith 2021). The research would surround every life aspect, from wearing a mask everywhere to staying home on lock down basically to keep infection minimum during treatments (Renjith 2021). Grounded theory is to discovery in the context of the social process being studied. This theory uses comparative analysis, theoretical sampling, theoretical coding, and theoretical saturation. An example of this would be an analysis of the relationship between women and anorexia. The study analysis showed a development of a theoretical framework on the nature of the relationship between the self and anorexia nervosa (Renjith 2021). Ethnographic research studies the anthropology of culture specific areas. Knowledge and behaviors are used in this type of study (Renjith 2021). An example of this type of research study would be “The aim of the ethnographic study by LeBaron et al. was to explore the barriers to opioid availability and cancer pain management in India. The researchers collected data from fifty-nine participants using in-depth semi-structured interviews, participant observation, and document review. The

HLT 362 Describe the difference between research and quality improvement
HLT 362 Describe the difference between research and quality improvement

researchers identified significant barriers by open coding and thematic analysis of the formal interview” (Renjith 2021).

Hello Professor,

Describe the difference between research and quality improvement

The QI process involves evaluating and learning from experience. Research is a systematic investigation, including research development, testing, and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. Both research and quality improvement are systematic investigations that may involve human participants but they differ in important ways. (Quality Improvement VS Research) QI is designed to implement knowledge and assess a process or program as judged by established/accepted standards whereas research is designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. (Quality Improvement VS Research) QI can be defined as systematic, data-guided activities designed to bring about immediate improvements in healthcare delivery in particular settings and it is an intrinsic part of normal healthcare operations. (Lynn, J.et.al. (2007) Unlike quantitative research, which is deductive and tends to analyze phenomena in terms of trends and frequencies, qualitative research seeks to determine the meaning of a phenomenon through the description. It aims to develop concepts that aid in the understanding of natural phenomena with emphasis on the meaning, experiences, and views of the participants. Differences among qualitative researchers exist on matters of ontology, epistemology, data collection methods, and methods of evaluation. (Zakiya, Q AL-Busaidi (2008) Quantitative research is based on structure and uses experiments and surveys as methods. In addition, it is deductive in nature and uses statistical sampling methods. In contrast, qualitative research is described as action research using observation and interview methods. It is inductive in nature and depends on the purposeful selection of participants. (Zakiya, Q AL-Busaidi (2008)

Provide a workplace example where qualitative and quantitative research is applied and how it was used within your organization

Quality improvement in healthcare requires both qualitative and quantitative research to make it happen. They can work exclusively or at times both need to be combined to produce effective results. Qualitative research in healthcare is used to inform healthcare professionals and providers in policy making and in implementing changes within the organization or hospital. This kind of research includes identifying the root causes of problems and finding solutions; identifying areas that need to be improved on. Qualitative research offers a variety of methods for identifying what really matters to patients and carers, detecting obstacles to changing performance, and explaining why improvement does or does not occur. The use of such methods in future studies could lead to a better understanding of how to improve quality. (Pope, C. et.al.(2002) Qualitative research includes a range of methods to explore issues of healthcare delivery from patient and provider perspectives. Patient engagement in health research is becoming a requirement for many health research funders, yet many researchers have little or no experience in engaging patients as partners as opposed to research subjects. (Rolfe, D. E. (2018) A workplace example of how qualitative research is used is in nurses’ understanding of patients’ experiences when visiting the hospital. For example, the experience the patient gathers from the time he/she enters the hospital until he/she sees the doctor. The increase in nurses’ understanding of patients’ experiences, can allow nurses to make more interventions in patient care, thereby leading to quality improvement of patient care.

The structured way of collection and analysis of the data which is obtained from different sources involving the use of statistics, computational and mathematical tools in order to derive the results is known as Quantitative research. (Thakur, M) Quantitative analysis refers to the process of using complex mathematical or statistical modeling to make sense of data and potentially predict behavior. https://www.ucf.edu/online/healthcare/news/quantitative-analysis-changed-health-care/ A workplace example of how quantitative research is applied is in the hospital where the management staff wants to know the details about doctors and patients of their hospital for the purpose of analysis to be done by the management of the company regarding the working of the hospital. (Thakur, M) To achieve this goal, the hospital conducted a survey to get information about the amount of time which the doctor takes for one patient, how often a patient comes into the hospital, what is the satisfaction level of the patient after taking the consultation of the doctor, and related other questions. (Thakur, M) Patients were given the template of the patient satisfaction survey. In my organization, quantitative research was used to decrease patients’ wait times at the hospital. As data on patient wait times are collected, this information is used to analyze the causes of the delay in seeing the doctor and how long a patient spends waiting before being called in to see the doctor.

Martha Ansumana

References:

Evaluation of Quantitative and Qualitative Data Sources https://www.ruralhealthinfo.org/toolkits/aging/5/evaluation-of-data-sources#:~:text=Quantitative%20data%20includes%20specific%20measurements,and%20supportive%20agencies%20and%20individuals.

How Has Quantitative Analysis Changed HealthCare? https://www.ucf.edu/online/healthcare/news/quantitative-analysis-changed-health-care/

Lynn, J. et.al (2007) Annals of Internal Medicine The Ethics of Using Quality Improvement Methods in Health Care

 

Pope, C. et.al.(2002) Qualitative methods in research on healthcare quality

Quality Improvement VS Research https://irb.research.chop.edu/quality-improvement-vs-research#:~:text=The%20QI%20process%20involves%20evaluating,or%20contribute%20to%20generalizable%20knowledge.

Rolfe, D. E. (2018) Using qualitative Health Research methods to improve patient and public involvement and engagement in research

 

Thakur, M. Quantitative Research Example https://www.educba.com/quantitative-research-example/

Zakiya, Q AL-Busaidi (2008) Qualitative Research and its Uses in Health Care

 

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I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!

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Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.

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Important information on Writing a Discussion Question

Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)

There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.

Include in-text citations in your response

Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information

Follow APA-7th edition

Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor

A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.

Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article

Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)

Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.

Follow APA 7th edition

Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Remember to use and follow APA-7th edition for all weekly assignments, discussion questions, and participation points.

Here are some helpful links

Student paper example

Citing Sources

The Writing Center is a great resource