HQS 620 Correlation between the Nursing Process and Project Management
HQS 620 Correlation between the Nursing Process and Project Management
Describe why project management is needed and explain the correlation between the nursing process and project management. Explain the value of establishing a framework for a project and provide an example in which a project management framework aided in the implementation of a new process.
The wellness of a population’s health using improved patient safety protocols implores healthcare workers (HCWs) especially nurses, to develop evidence-based practice interventions to reduce and prevent occurrence of adverse events like hospital acquired infections (HAIs) and medication administration errors (MAEs) among others. These adverse events lead to poor patient outcomes, increase the overall cost of care and disease burden, and lowers the quality of care delivered by healthcare professionals. Hospital acquired infections are some of the leading healthcare concerns that affect patient safety and quality of care. Many patients suffer from these infections that result into lengthened stays in hospitals, increased cost of care, and in extreme circumstances death.
Project management is a strategy for planning and guiding project processes from start to finish. It consists of five stages: initiating (or selecting), planning, executing (or controlling), monitoring, and closing (Stanley et al, 2016). It can be used in any type of project and has a wide range of applications in complex processes in any project for development (Stanley et al, 2016).
Project Management and Nursing Process are similar concepts in that any project or care plan must be appropriately designed, carefully planned, accurately applied, and carried out, as well as well supervised, regulated (or controlled), and eventually properly evaluated and ended/concluded (Sipes, 2015).
The project management framework is necessary for carrying out processes or implementing new processes because it serves as a guide for the manager to successfully carry out the project from start to finish. It gives the project manager more leverage during the phases of project management where he/she may need to change or include additional details along the way to achieve the project’s goals as it helps meet project deadlines and finish within budget. It also contributes to increased team productivity.
The installation of Electronic Health Records is one example of how a project management framework aided in the implementation of a new process (EHRs). It used the PSDA framework, which entails gathering all data required to transition traditional paper documentation to electronic documentation (PLAN). It must also determine the computer literacy of the stakeholders in order for them to use the new process (STUDY). This also pertains to determining the length of training that must be provided for all stakeholders, as not everyone has the same level of computer literacy (DESIGN) to know how long it will take to fully operate EHRs and if its application is user-friendly. Finally, the actual implementation or use of EHR to verify and evaluate the performance of stakeholders (ACTION). This will determine whether additional training is required to ensure that everyone can fully operate or use it.
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health Through Better Data Collection and Improved Information Infrastructure issued a challenge to nursing practice, indicating that both the health care system and the nursing profession require transformation (Sipes, 2019). Large tasks like this require program managers to provide structure to processes in order to improve sustainability within organizations and health care systems. Nurses have received training in the nursing process, which has been a core concept in their nursing education; this problem-solving approach to patient care is practiced on a daily basis by nurses. Experience and advanced nursing education support nurses in this process practice, and these nurses may continue to contribute to the transformation of nursing practice and health care systems.
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Nursing and project management have a lot in common when it comes to the way they work. Similarly, the nursing process and project management both begin with an assessment or study of the patient’s data or workflow. Then, the nursing process continues on to the diagnosis of the patient, and the project management develops a project plan for the organization. As a result, the nursing strategy shifts to establishing goals and carrying out the plan’s implementation, while project management oversees the process to keep an eye on its progress and outcomes. Finally, nursing and project management both examine the results and make adjustments to their plans based on what they’ve learned from the project’s obstacles (Sipes, 2019). Project management is focused on organizational transformation, while the nursing process is focused on direct patient care. Nurses who have worked in the healthcare industry for some time can appreciate the importance of project management.
A new method for monitoring vascular accesses was established by our business last year. In order to add value and maximize the process in order to establish a productive workload, Al-Zuheri, Vlachos & Amer (2021) propose Lean processes that aim to optimize staff workflow and reduce superfluous jobs. Unfortunately, this system’s introduction in clinics was met with a lack of enthusiasm. First, the existing state of our project management process, and how we perceive this gap in it. Due to a lack of resources and an unfavorable learning environment, it was put into place during the first COVID wave. Although it took time to record modules, people could simply click through to receive credit for having seen, and as a result, very little of the knowledge was retained. The system is currently only being used by 7%, hence a reboot of the program and process is being considered. Implementation teams are needed to assess the existing situation, establish a new implementation strategy, and test this on many clinics using the project management ideas discussed. As new clinics are added to the system and the lessons learned from each implementation are used, the plan may be adjusted accordingly. This process continues until the entire company is actively using the new system on a daily basis.
This is an example of the 3rd sample.
To put it another way, it’s a series of tasks of any size that need to be organized and managed with a specified plan, due dates, start/end dates, and resources in place (Sipes, 2019). The nursing process has several similarities to the steps used in project management: Design (initiation), Plan, Apply/implement, Regulate/monitor and control, oversee, Conclude/close and evaluate (Sipes, 2019). In the 1950s, project management was chaotic, but today it is a significant strategy in the administration of firms like IBM, Apple, Microsoft, and healthcare organizations..
Project management is essential in nursing to ensure that patient care is organized. Nursing and project management both give a more structured and systematic approach to patient care. Things can be accomplished in a logical, step-by-step fashion. In order to meet the client’s and stakeholders’ demands and expectations, project management employs specialized methodologies to plan and regulate the scope of work” (Stanley et al. 2016, para 4). As with project management, the care is decided solely on the basis of the patient’s objectives and goals. A new electronic health system might serve as an example of a process management strategy. This type of change necessitates the formation of an effective team, as well as the allocation of resources and the approval of all those involved.