N 502 Health Care Systems Module 1 Assignment
N 502 Health Care Systems
Module 1 Assignment
Remember to submit your work following the file naming convention FirstInitial.LastName_M01.docx. For example, J.Smith_M01.docx. Remember that it is not necessary to manually type in the file extension; it will automatically append.
Start by reading and following these instructions:
1. Quickly skim the questions or assignment below and the assignment rubric to help you focus.
2. Read the required chapter(s) of the textbook and any additional recommended resources. Some answers may require you to do additional research on the Internet or in other reference sources. Choose your sources carefully.
3. Consider the course discussions so far and any insights gained from it.
4. Create your Assignment submission and be sure to cite your sources if needed, use APA style as required, and check your spelling.
Complete ALL of the bullet points below:
Health care planners could be more effective and efficient if they used the concept of the natural history of disease and the levels of prevention to design services that intervene at the weakest link in the chain of progression of specific diseases. Instead, most focus on high-technology solutions to preventable problems. Assess the characteristics of the medical care culture that encourage the latter approach.
Hospitals and other health care institutions, whether voluntary or for-profit, need to be financially solvent to survive growing market pressures. Describe how this “bottom line” focus has changed the nature of the US health care system.
The insurance industry plays a huge role in the American health care system and absorbs a significant portion of the health care dollar. A single payer system, whether it is a private company or the US government, would eliminate the complex insurance paperwork burden and free substantial funds that could be diverted to support care for the under-served. Why do you believe that so much resistance to a concept used in every other developed country has continued in the U.S.?
Please submit one APA formatted paper between 1000 – 1500 words, not including the title and reference page. The assignment should have a minimum of two scholarly sources, in addition to the textbook.
Health Care Information Systems Diagram
Healthcare information system are always implemented in the healthcare institutions to enhance the management of data. With the increase in the number of patients in the healthcare institutions as well as the number of services that are supposed to be offered, adherence to the health information system is essential when it comes to the documentation of processes as well as the data that have been collected in the course of operation (Lintern & Motavalli, 2018). Healthcare information system can collect, manage, store and transmit patient’s records. The implementation of healthcare information system is meant to enhance the quality of services delivered, influence the policy-making processes and inform the research processes. Healthcare information system often access, process, and maintain large volumes of essential healthcare data. In the process, security is always one of the major concerns (Davidson, Baird, & Prince, 2018). While implementing the healthcare information system, there is also the need to integrate security measures to ensure that there is efficiency in operational processes.
Health information system can be accessed and used by everyone in the healthcare system from clinicians to patients and public health officials (Negash et al., 2018). The users may be involved in the use of data and other resources that are connected to the system.
Components of Health Care Information Systems
The diagram above indicates health information system structure in my current organization. The system consist of data entry stage where all the information collected are entered. The data can also be imported from other sources. Within the system, there is the data storage part where all the information, both imported and those entered, is stored. From the database, datasets can be extracted and analyzed to inform decision-making processes. The data can also be sent to other links such as the shared clinical databases (Kisekka & Giboney, 2018). After the process of analysis, the system also provides options for displaying the results of analysis. The system also has the EMR system that enhances the management of the patient’s information (Guha & Kumar, 2018). The system is also linked to other departments such as the disease notification department, data warehouse, as well as the administration. The system provides elaborate steps involved in the data entry and management system. The stages involved in the data management processes is important in ensuring effective outcomes in the operational processes.
Advantages and Challenges Faced by a Hospital Using Information Systems
One of the advantage of the system is that it provides links to other departments making it easier for the management to integrate healthcare processes. The system is comprehensive as it includes major components required for the effective management of information. Finally, the users of the system are able to undertake data extraction and analysis and display the results. The challenge of the system is that it is more complex and can prove to be a challenges for the users, especially those with little skills. The system consists of numerous steps which have to be followed by the users. This requires continuous training processes on the users. Another disadvantage of the system is that there are security concerns due to different components that have been integrated in the system. In most cases, numerous links within the system often makes it easier for the hackers to gain access into the system and perform malicious activities.
Davidson, E., Baird, A., & Prince, K. (2018). Opening the envelope of health care information systems research. Information and Organization, 28(3), 140-151. https://abs/pii/S1471772718301659
Guha, S., & Kumar, S. (2018). Emergence of big data research in operations management, information systems, and healthcare: Past contributions and future roadmap. Production and Operations Management, 27(9), 1724-1735. https://doi/abs/10.1111/poms.12833
Kisekka, V., & Giboney, J. S. (2018). The effectiveness of health care information technologies: evaluation of trust, security beliefs, and privacy as determinants of health care outcomes. Journal of medical Internet research, 20(4), e107. https://www.jmir.org/2018/4/e107/
Lintern, G., & Motavalli, A. (2018). Healthcare information systems: the cognitive challenge. BMC medical informatics and decision making, 18(1), 1-10. https://doi/10.1186/s12911-018-0584-z
Negash, S., Musa, P., Vogel, D., & Sahay, S. (2018). Healthcare information technology for development: improvements in people’s lives through innovations in the uses of technologies. https://doi/full/10.1080/02681102.2018.1422477
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