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NRS 434 Environmental Factors and Health Promotion Presentation

NRS 434 Environmental Factors and Health Promotion Presentation

NRS 434 Environmental Factors and Health Promotion Presentation

Introduction

The promotion of optimum infant health is important in nursing practice

Nurses utilize evidence-based interventions to promote infant health

Environmental factors have an effect on health and development of infants

Focus should be placed on prevention of environmental hazards

Infant health comprise of the vulnerable populations in our societies. They are vulnerable in that their immune systems have not developed to protect itself from infections and disease causing environmental exposures. As a result, the promotion of the optimum health of the infants is critical in nursing and healthcare. Nurses are anticipated to utilize evidence-based interventions to minimize the exposure of the infants to environmental hazards that could affect their health and growth. Environmental hazards such as tobacco smoke, air pollution, and chemicals have adverse health effects on infant’s growth. Therefore, this presentation explores the effects and prevention of infant exposure to tobacco smoke and its products.

Selected Environmental Factor: Tobacco Smoke Exposure to Infants

Infant exposure to tobacco smoke is a critical health issue

Exposure is indirect

Exposure during pregnancy and after birth have adverse effects

Population education important to minimize infant exposure and promote health

The selected environmental factor that affects the health and development of infants is tobacco smoke exposure. Exposure of infants

NRS 434 Environmental Factors and Health Promotion Presentation
NRS 434 Environmental Factors and Health Promotion Presentation

to tobacco smoke is a critical public health concern. The exposure is indirect, as it arises from first hand smoking. The exposure of the infants to tobacco smoke can occur in utero or after birth. Irrespective of the exposure period, its effects on the health and development of the infants are significant. Public health interventions have been adopted to ensure the prevention and reduction in the rates of infant exposure to tobacco smoke. For example, health education has been used as a critical tool for creating awareness and stimulate positive behavioral change among the populations at risk of the problem (CDC, 2019).

Effect on Health and Safety of Infants

uIntrauterine growth restriction

uImpaired development of vital organs during pregnancy

uPregnancy complications e.g. preterm births, low birth weight, and sudden infant death syndrome

uUpper respiratory tract infections

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The exposure of infants to tobacco smoke either in utero or after birth have adverse effects. One of the effects due to in utero exposure to tobacco smoke is intrauterine growth restriction. Severe exposure of the developing fetus impairs its normal development leading to intrauterine growth restriction. The intrauterine exposure to smoke also impairs the supply of vital nutrients to organs such as brain and lungs, affecting their normal development. The risk of pregnancy complications also rises with tobacco smoking. Often tobacco smoking in pregnancy is associated with risks to the fetus such as miscarriage, preterm births, low birth weight babies, and sudden infant death syndrome. The complications arise from placental insufficiency. The exposure of the infants to smoke after birth increases their risk of developing upper respiratory tract infections and allergies due to their reaction to chemicals contained in the tobacco products (CDC, 2019, 2020).

uHeart disease

uAsthmatic attacks

uEar infections

uPremature mortality

Infant exposure to tobacco smoke also increases their risk of developing heart disease. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that infants and children exposed to tobacco products are increasingly vulnerable to cardiovascular problems. The cardiovascular problems worsen with age, leading to more than 34000 premature deaths in the state. Infant exposure to tobacco smoke also predisposes them to asthmatic attacks. The asthmatic attacks are largely attributed to the irritation of the respiratory systems by the tobacco smoke and chemicals. The results include the inflammation of the airways and development of symptoms of asthmatic attack. Since infant have weak immunity, their predisposition to other infections such as ear infections is high. The above complications also contribute to a high rate of premature mortality among infants exposed to tobacco smoke (Pugmire et al., 2017).

Health Promotion Plan: Aims

uRaise the awareness of healthcare providers on effects of infant exposure to tobacco smoke

uIncrease the role of healthcare providers on reduction and prevention of infant exposure to tobacco smoke

uHelp healthcare providers identify evidence-based interventions to prevent health risks of infant exposure to tobacco smoke

The proposed health promotion plan focuses on the prevention of infant exposure to tobacco smoke. The target audience is the healthcare providers. The aims of health promotion plain are varied. One of them is to raise the level of awareness of the healthcare providers on the effects of infant exposure to tobacco smoke. The second aim is to increase the awareness of the healthcare providers on the roles they play in the reduction and prevention of infant exposure to tobacco smoke. The third objective is to help the healthcare providers to identity the evidence-based interventions they can adopt to prevent infant exposure to tobacco smoke and its effects.

Health Promotion Plan: Severity of the Problem

uTobacco smoke has more than 7000 chemicals, with 70 of them having high potential for causing cancer

uContributes to more than 1000 infant deaths annually

uCauses 34000 premature deaths due to cardiovascular complications

u60% of the exposed children likely to become active smokers in adulthood

uInfant exposure is preventable

Infant exposure is a critical public health concern. The exposure of infants to tobacco has negative effects due to the harmful chemicals contained in the tobacco products. It is estimated that tobacco smoke and its products has more than 7000 chemicals. Of this chemicals, 70 of them have the high potential of causing cancer to its users and second hand smokers. The effects of the chemicals are also severe in infants due to their premature immunity. Exposure of infants to tobacco smoke also causes more than 1000 infant deaths on an annual basis in the US. The deaths are attributed to its effects such as sudden infant death syndrome, asthma, and recurrent upper respiratory tract infections. There is also the evidence that infant exposure to tobacco smoke causes 34000 premature mortalities due to cardiovascular effects of the smoke. The effects of tobacco smoke exposure can persist to adulthood in the affected children. This can be seen from the statistics that up to 60% of the infants and children exposed to tobacco smoke will grow to abuse tobacco products in their adulthood (CDC, 2019, 2020).