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NSG 4055 Week 1 Discussion

NSG 4055 Week 1 Discussion

Stigma has the greatest impact on patients living with chronic illnesses such as cancer, epilepsy, IBD, HIV/AIDS, and mental disorders. The stigma associated with chronic conditions results in a lack of social support from society (Nyblade et al., 2019). The social stigma is displayed as unacceptance and fear of being around a person who is ill. Even though persons suffering from chronic conditions are usually not contagious, the general population’s intrinsic fear of sickness results in social exclusion for these patients (Nyblade et al., 2019). The stigma occurs in the form of discrediting or devaluation due to the chronic disease. Stigma is destructive to the healthcare system since it acts as a barrier to access to healthcare, which is crucial in managing chronic illnesses. The reduced access to healthcare may hinder the overall well-being of the patient with a chronic illness.

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Stigma affects the physical and mental health of persons from various age groups differently. Illness-related stigma in a 12-year-old may contribute to increased intrusiveness. The child might withdraw from valued activities by anticipating that their illness may be evident and negatively evaluated if they take part in these activities (Bakula et al., 2019). Stigma can also result in psychological distress leading to depressive and anxious symptoms in a 12-year-old. Stigma experiences are associated with a significantly increased risk for depressive and anxious symptoms among adolescents (Bakula et al., 2019). Illness-related stigma in a 75-year-old can make the patient less open about their symptoms and illness-related concerns with their providers. The reduced openness may hinder the ability of providers to offer satisfactory care (Nyblade et al., 2019). Stigma can also result in social isolation in a 75-year-old. Elderly persons are more likely to socially isolate themselves and thus receive less social support, attributed to poorer mental and physical health.

NSG 4055 Week 1 Discussion References

Bakula, D. M., Sharkey, C. M., Perez, M. N., Espeleta, H. C., Hawkins, M., Chaney, J. M., & Mullins, L. L. (2019). The role of stigma in the relationship between illness intrusiveness and adjustment in adolescents and young adults: A path model. Journal of pediatric psychology44(5), 611-619. https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsz004

Nyblade, L., Stockton, M. A., Giger, K., Bond, V., Ekstrand, M. L., Mc Lean, R., … & Wouters, E. (2019). Stigma in health facilities: why it matters and how we can change it. BMC medicine17(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-019-1256-2