NSG 4055 Week 4 discussion
Week 4 Discussion: Topic 2
The homeless are at relatively high risk for chronic illnesses, with homelessness being associated with various physical and mental disorders. They are susceptible to chronic illnesses, including hypertension and COPD. COPD is prevalent among homeless persons due to tobacco smoking and exposure to air pollutants (Landon, 2017). In addition, the high susceptibility to hypertension can be attributed to age, race, high stress levels, and excessive alcohol consumption (Ngo et al., 2021). Hypertension is prevalent among African Americans and Hispanics, who account for the highest proportion of homeless persons in the U.S.
Challenges faced in relation to hypertension include low literacy levels, which are a barrier to understanding healthy lifestyle practices necessary to prevent hypertension (Ngo et al., 2021). The homeless lack finances to purchase blood pressure machines to help them monitor their blood pressure over time. Lack of health insurance is a major challenge to accessing screening, preventive, and treatment services for homeless persons (Ngo et al., 2021). Lack of access to these services contributes to uncontrolled blood pressure resulting in adverse consequences such as stroke and kidney failure. Furthermore, homelessness makes pharmacological management and long-term dietary practices difficult since individuals may not afford the medications and healthy foods.
The challenges need to be addressed for effective treatment and promote better blood pressure control among hypertensive homeless patients. They can be alleviated by providing healthcare opportunities at shelters or shelter-based clinics where the homeless can seek care (Ngo et al., 2021). The clinics should offer social, and system supports to help address the multilevel barriers to hypertension control. Besides, community outreach programs can be organized in the shelters to provide health education on preventing hypertension and other chronic illnesses (Ngo et al., 2021). This can empower individuals to take charge of their health through healthy lifestyle practices. In addition, the outreach programs can provide screening services to help identify individuals at risk and with undiagnosed hypertension.
Landon, C. (2017). Homelessness as a Positive Influence on Pulmonary Health in COPD. Chest, 152(4), A981. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2017.08.1017
Ngo, A. N., Islam, M. A., Aoyagi, J., Sandor, Z., & Sandor, S. (2021). Prevalence of Hypertension in Homeless Adults: An Interprofessional Education Community-Based Health Fairs Cross-Sectional Study in Urban Long Beach, California. High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention, 28(1), 63-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2017.08.1017
Respond to one of the following questions:
Review the Healthy People 2020 objectives for the older
adult. Of the objectives listed for the older adult, which do you feel is most
important? Be sure to include examples and references to support your response.
There are several vulnerable populations that have a chronic
illness (older; homeless; and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender
populations) that face challenges when it comes to care. Choose one vulnerable
population and discuss what can be done to help alleviate these challenges.
Citations should conform to APA guidelines. You may use this
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connect to the APA Style website through the APA icon below.
APA Writing Checklist
Use this document as a checklist for each paper you will write throughout your GCU graduate
program. Follow specific instructions indicated in the assignment and use this checklist to help ensure correct grammar and APA formatting. Refer to the APA resources available in the GCU Library and Student Success Center.
☐ APA paper template (located in the Student Success Center/Writing Center) is utilized for the correct format of the paper. APA style is applied, and format is correct throughout.
☐ The title page is present. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.
☐ The introduction is present. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.
☐ Topic is well defined.
☐ Strong thesis statement is included in the introduction of the paper.
☐ The thesis statement is consistently threaded throughout the paper and included in the conclusion.
☐ Paragraph development: Each paragraph has an introductory statement, two or three sentences as the body of the paragraph, and a transition sentence to facilitate the flow of information. The sections of the main body are organized to reflect the main points of the author. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.
☐ All sources are cited. APA style and format are correctly applied and are free from error.
☐ Sources are completely and correctly documented on a References page, as appropriate to assignment and APA style, and format is free of error.
Scholarly Resources: Scholarly resources are written with a focus on a specific subject discipline and usually written by an expert in the same subject field. Scholarly resources are written for an academic audience.
Examples of Scholarly Resources include: Academic journals, books written by experts in a field, and formally published encyclopedias and dictionaries.
Peer-Reviewed Journals: Peer-reviewed journals are evaluated prior to publication by experts in the journal’s subject discipline. This process ensures that the articles published within the journal are academically rigorous and meet the required expectations of an article in that subject discipline.
Empirical Journal Article: This type of scholarly resource is a subset of scholarly articles that reports the original finding of an observational or experimental research study. Common aspects found within an empirical article include: literature review, methodology, results, and discussion.
Adapted from “Evaluating Resources: Defining Scholarly Resources,” located in Research Guides in the GCU Library.
☐ The writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English. Utilize writing resources such as Grammarly, LopesWrite report, and ThinkingStorm to check your writing.
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