NUR 514 Emerging Technology Brief Assignment
NUR 514 Emerging Technology Brief Assignment
A primary concern in healthcare practice today is the inefficiency and human errors in medical and health processes like surgery and other intensive care interventions. Medical errors emanating from human issues lead to increased delays, limited access to health care services and more mortality and morbidity rates. These issues have necessitated the development of autonomous and semi-autonomous medical equipment like robots through the use of artificial intelligence. The main purpose of artificial intelligence is to make computers more useful in generating solutions to problematic health care issues (Secinaro et al., 2021). The purpose of this paper is to discuss artificial intelligence as a healthcare technology that has the potential to address the emerging barriers in healthcare provision.
Overview of the Emerging Technology and Its Role in Health Care
Artificial intelligence makes computers more essential in solving problematic health care issues as they allow providers to interpret data to diagnose different chronic conditions like diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease and various types of cancers. Using AI for trial reasons will assist the healthcare sector in the future to develop biomarkers to detect different types of conditions like cancers during the screening process. AI allows healthcare providers to interpret data, for instance, on the fight against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The development of next generation of radiology tools is through artificial intelligence (AI). Studies show that brain-computer interfaces can enhance drastically the quality of life for patients with terminal conditions like Alzheimer’s disease, strokes and individuals with spinal cord injuries across the world (Secinaro et al., 2021). Deep learning models can assist in prediction of old and new drugs and treatments that may be effective on COVID-19. Institutions are using AI to develop prototype vaccines and treatment for COVID-19. Therefore, AI is a critical aspect of tackling the COVID-19 pandemic.
Artificial Intelligence has the potential to enhance access to care and promote patient safety and quality. AI leverages on interpretation of data to ensure that health care providers make better decisions and take optimal actions to offer the best care and minimize medical errors. With more computer-based tools and interventions, many patients can access care from remote locations, especially those suffering from terminal conditions like diabetes and strokes (OECD, 2020). Information from COVID-19 tracing apps and applications like DeepMind demonstrate how AI can offer interventions for quality care delivery for patients and health organizations tackling the pandemic.
Ethical and Legal Issues in Incorporation of Artificial Intelligence
The use of AI as a powerful technology brings a whole new set of ethical and legal issues concerning different aspects like safety,
privacy and preferences. Patients may not embrace this technology since it means that their information and data is accessible and can be interpreted for different purposes without their explicit authorization. Many patients are still apprehensive of the current COVID-19 monitoring and tracking apps that different health organizations and governments are using to access their movement. There will be some limits of patients who full do not understand how AI can help improve their health and confer benefits (OECD, 2020). The implication is that there is need for increased awareness among providers and patients on the critical role of AI in healthcare and how it can help in reducing adverse events for those with chronic conditions like diabetes. The legal aspects of AI also require streamlining to ensure that patients’ health information is not comprised and used for purposes other than health care improvement and quality care.
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Informatics Nurse’s Role Concerning Artificial Intelligence
The informatics nurse plays a critical role in information dissemination and use of health information technologies for effective care delivery and innovation models. The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in health care is a demonstration of innovative models that providers and organizations are leveraging to enhance quality care outcomes for patients, especially at this pandemic time (Pee et al., 2018). Therefore, informatics nurses are experts who provide advice to their organizations and help in setting up systems to incorporate the AI technology for quality care and better services. The nurse informatics role is to ensure that facilities leveraging on AI adhere to the existing legal protocols and laws as well as embrace ethical values to protect patient information (Booth et al., 2021). Nurse informaticsts have a duty to use the most appropriate channels to offer better software and hardware to ascertain that AI works for patients and organizations based on the set goals and objectives.
Role of Workflow Analysis, Human Factors & User-Centered Design Concepts
Workflow analysis and human factors are critical to the overall success of artificial intelligence in health care. The analysis of the workflow allows providers to identify areas that need improvement and can benefit from AI technologies while human factors like human resource availability ensure that facilities have requisite abilities and expertise to roll out better technologies to improve care provision. The user-centered design concept means that AI should confer benefits to the users, especially patients and not the healthcare providers alone (Islam et al., 2021). In this case, the ultimate focus should be increased benefits for all stakeholders based on the features that AI provides when integrated into the health system and network.
Emerging technologies in healthcare are essential to enhancing quality care and patient outcomes. These technologies like artificial intelligence are revolutionizing the overall care experience for patients and helping nurse practitioners and other professionals to offer better interventions and enhance accessibility. Informatics nurses have a duty to ensure that they help in the implementation of artificial intelligence in their practice settings to enhance overall care delivery as innovative models in healthcare.
Booth, R., Strudwick, G., McMurray, J., Chan, R., Cotton, K., & Cooke, S. (2021). The Future of
Nursing Informatics in a Digitally-Enabled World. In Introduction to Nursing Informatics (pp. 395-417). Springer, Cham.
Islam, M., Poly, T., Alsinglawi, B., Lin, M., Hsu, M. and Li, Y. (2021). A State-of-the-Art
Survey on Artificial Intelligence to Fight COVID-19. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10(9), p.1961. https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/10/9/1961/htm
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2020). OECD Policy
Responses to Coronavirus (COVID-19): Using artificial intelligence to help combat COVID-19. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/policy-responses/using-artificial-intelligence-to-help-combat-covid-19-ae4c5c21/
Pee, L. G., Pan, S. L., & Cui, L. (2019). Artificial intelligence in healthcare robots: A social
informatics study of knowledge embodiment. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 70(4), 351-369.
Secinaro, S., Calandra, D., Secinaro, A., Muthurangu, V., & Biancone, P. (2021). The role of
artificial intelligence in healthcare: a structured literature review. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 21(1), 1-23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12911-021-01488-9
Emerging Technology Brief
Emerging Technology Brief
Emerging technologies have a significant effect on the provision of healthcare in the modern world. The technologies inform the care approaches utilized to achieve optimum, patient-centered outcomes. Legal and ethical issues often accompany the adoption of emerging technologies in healthcare (Duggal et al., 2018). Nurse informaticists have the responsibility of adopting measures to minimize these issues in healthcare. Therefore, this paper explores the use of mobile health applications, as an emerging technology and its impact on nurse informaticist roles.
Overview of the Technology
The selected emerging technology is mobile applications for use in healthcare. Mobile apps are technologies that facilitate healthcare delivery via the phone. The technology enables healthcare providers to offer remote care to their patients. They can perform several roles that include scheduling appointments, providing expert advice, uploading patients’ medical records. Mobile apps also enable healthcare providers to monitor and manage their patients, gather information, and offer patients health education. The adoption of mobile apps enhances care outcomes that include safety, quality, and efficiency. Efficiency is achieved through the elimination of the need for hospital visits and early identification and management of potential complications (Jones et al., 2018). The provision of patient-centered care promotes care outcomes that include safety and quality.
Ethical or Legal Issues
The incorporation of mobile apps into healthcare is likely to experience some ethical and legal issues. One of them is the potential risk of violation of data privacy and confidentiality. Patients and healthcare providers have access to health-related information stored in the apps. Threats to data integrity may arise if patients or healthcare providers do not consider the stipulated security measures in accessing the data. Third parties can also access the data illegally using methods such as hacking to obtain private and confidential data (Vasiloglou et al., 2020). As a result, the adoption of mobile apps in healthcare raises concerns related to data privacy and confidentiality.
The other issue relates to the cost of purchasing, maintaining, and updating the apps. Healthcare organizations bear the responsibility of acquiring, maintaining, and improving mobile apps to address the needs of their patients. They also have to train their staff on the safe and efficient use of the technology in optimizing the care outcomes. The needs increase the costs incurred in healthcare organizations, hence, the challenge (Magrabi et al., 2019). Therefore, a cost-benefit analysis should be performed before the adoption of mobile apps for patient care.
Nurse’s Informatics Role
Nurses have several informatics roles in the adoption of mobile apps in healthcare. One of them is patient education. Nurses educate the patients about the safe use of the technology in achieving their health outcomes. Nurses also play the role of supporting the implementation of policies that will enhance the outcomes of technology adoption in their organization. They ensure the implemented policies underpin the safety, quality, and efficiency goals in the adoption of mobile apps for health (Magrabi et al., 2019). They also propose quality improvement initiatives in their organizations to address issues with technology use.
Workflow Analysis, Human Factors, and User-Centered Design
Workflow analysis is important in mobile apps adoption in healthcare, as it strives to ensure efficiency in technology use. The analysis provides insights into potential benefits and issues that should be addressed before technology adoption. Human factors influence the adoption of mobile apps in healthcare. A focus should be placed on addressing human needs such as training to ensure competencies in technology use. The adopted systems should address the actual and potential needs of the users for them to be user-centered (Vasiloglou et al., 2020). User-centeredness increases the acceptability of the technology for use in healthcare.
Mobile apps for healthare the selected emerging healthcare technology. The adoption of mobile apps for healthcare may raise ethical and legal issues related to data integrity and costs of adoption. Nurses have crucial roles to play in ensuring the successful utilization of mobile apps in healthcare. Workflow analysis, human factors, and user-centeredness should be considered before the adoption of emerging technologies.
Duggal, R., Brindle, I., & Bagenal, J. (2018).Digital healthcare: Regulating the revolution.BMJ, 360, k6. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k6
Jones, M., Morris, J., &Deruyter, F. (2018).Mobile Healthcare and People with Disabilities: Current State and Future Needs.International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(3), 515. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030515
Magrabi, F., Habli, I., Sujan, M., Wong, D., Thimbleby, H., Baker, M., &Coiera, E. (2019). Why is it so difficult to govern mobile apps in healthcare? BMJ Health & Care Informatics, 26(1), e100006. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjhci-2019-100006
Vasiloglou, M. F., Christodoulidis, S., Reber, E., Stathopoulou, T., Lu, Y., Stanga, Z., &Mougiakakou, S. (2020). What Healthcare Professionals Think of “Nutrition & Diet” Apps: An International Survey. Nutrients, 12(8), 2214. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082214