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NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics

NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics

NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2

Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics. Explain how translational research can be applied in these areas to address the burden of global disease.

According to W.H. Schlesinger (2010) Translational Ecology has allowed the information that is important regarding environmental changes reach the public. Schlesinger (2010) goes on to say that keeping communication open between stakeholders and scientists furthers its reach. With the introduction of Health People 2020, and their initiative to achieve health equality there has been conduction and decimation of vast amounts of translational research (Tucker, et.al, 2019).

There are many health disparities among many different types of people, but with translational research’s multidisciplinary approach, researchers can potentially help to inform interventions and eliminate health disparities (Tucker, et.al, 2019). Translational research within genomes is interesting, according to Pasipoularides (2017) they are now attempting to approach medicine the way Hippocrates initially envisioned, by treating the underlying etiology of disease and not symptom based like is often done today.

By conducting translational research, they are hoping to be able to take a bit of peripheral blood and sequence a customized treatment to your disease processes (Pasipoularides, 2017). With normal medication management of cardiac disease processes, they are only seeing 50-75% of patients with the desired outcome (Pasipoularides, 2017). With this research they can end the one size fits all approach that medicine has come to know (Pasipoularides, 2017). I think that with the translational research attempting to reach these results would be amazing in all areas, I know that they are really focusing on cardiac patients, but the application could really be phenomenal.

Schlesinger, W. H. (2010, August 6). Translational Ecology. Science. NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomicshttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/329/5992/609 

Tucker, C. M., Kang, S., & Williams, J. L. (2019). Translational research to reduce health disparities and promote health equity. Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 5(4), 297-301. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/tps0000215

Pasipoularides A. (2017). Genomic translational research: Paving the way to individualized cardiac functional analyses and personalized cardiology. International journal of cardiology230, 384–401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.12.097 NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics

 

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Re: Topic 2 DQ 2

Health and illness follow a social gradient, making social, environmental, and economic circumstances lead to health inequities, often across generations (World Health Organization [WHO], n.d.). Health equity puts people first, allocating resources so that those with NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics fewer resources and those that face exclusion and discrimination see improvements in their health and living conditions. Inequities such as where people live, grow up, learn, and work leads to certain groups having poorer quality housing, education, fewer employment opportunities, and less access to clean air and water, food security, and health care.

Transcultural research will take the information learned to close the gap between health inequities, advancing healthy living conditions for all social groups. By combining evidence and knowledge to understand more, health inequities are avoidable and preventable. Health inequities lag the economic and social development of communities and countries (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion [ODPHP], 2021).

With the rapidly advancing genomics, the aim is to promote health and treat disease, considering individual differences in people’s genes, environments, and lifestyles, using the benefits of genetic tests and family history to guide clinical and public health interventions. Translational research is a never-ending loop of research and translations, allowing us to understand science, putting practical applications in place to enhance human health and well-being (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2018).

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Resources NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, May 1). Translation research. https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/translationresearch/default.html.

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2021, June 23). Genomics. https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/genomics. NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics

World Health Organization. (n.d.). Social determinants of health to advance equity. https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/social-determinants-of-health-to-advance-equity

 RESP0ND HERE (150 WORDS, 2 REFERENCES) NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics

Re: Topic 2 DQ 2

Population health is determined by ecological, global, and social determinants and factors such as nutrition, genetics, lifestyle, environment, and socioeconomic factors. However, the two key determinants of population health are nutrition and lifestyle (Olshansky, 2017). As a crucial determinant of health, nutrition is perceived in three dimensions: person, family, and community. In rural settings, nutrition is a significant challenge that affects population health as people have limited access to healthy foods.

As a result, they are likely to experience calorie deficiency, protein malnutrition, premature deaths, low birth weights, and other issues. Although people have access to healthy foods in the urban regions, they face lifestyle challenges such as less physical activity and obesity due to junk foods (Olshansky, 2017). Environmental pollution influences population health, although the impact is more intensified in rural communities. NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics

People in rural regions are more exposed to hygiene, agrochemicals, and insecticides, while those in urban areas are more vulnerable to air and water pollution but are less affected. Health disparity resulting from inequality in household income, gender, and education is another socioeconomic determinant that affects population health (Olshansky, 2017).

The principle of genetics and genomics has also affected population health. For instance, genetic risks can influence the rate of morbidity of a particular disease, such as cancer. Available literature shows that diseases like cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, leukemia, and many others have been associated with genetic risks (Baird, 2017). NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics

To properly understand how ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomes affect population health, the application of translational research is necessary. The reason is that translational research involves four steps in which an issue can be researched, possible interventions examined, and the impact of these recommendations on population health assessed.

References NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics

Baird, P. A. (2017). The role of genetics in population health. In R. G. Evans, M. L. Barer, & T. R. Marmor (Eds.), Why are some people healthy and others not? (pp. 133-160). Routledge.

Olshansky, E. F. (2017). Social determinants of health: The role of nursing. AJN The American Journal of Nursing117(12), 11. NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics

Also Check Out:  NUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 1 Explain the value of biostatistics in population health research

Research Framework and Legal and Ethical Translation

In nursing research, respect for persons together with potential benefits and burdens of the research as well as justice are kept in balance by adhering to the ethical and legal framework. Ethical issues in research demand researchers to demonstrate respect to the target population by conforming to the social and cultural believes of the individuals (Martz, 2018). In this regard, researchers must seek permission and approval from the leaders within the community before conducting the nursing study. For, example a letter indicating the topic of study, objectives and intended outcomes must be provided to seek the acceptance of the populace.

Nursing research involving trial experiments are also undertaken by following the regulatory framework established within the target community. With this, researchers ensure that the study does not cause harm to the target population by following stipulated safety measures defined in a state (DeNisco & Barker, 2015). However, researchers are as well required to communicate potential dangers related to the study. This mainly applies to trials that pose unavoidable health risks such as mild side effects associated with an experimental drug. When the population is informed about the benefits and harms of the research, they will be able to make an informed decision about participating in the study.

Balance in nursing research is also maintained through proper communication. The study participants collecting the data are informed about how they need to behavior during the entire process of the research (Martz, 2018). Most importantly, communication should provide information about positive behavior that ensures respect for the target population. For instance, through effective communication, a balance in research is maintain when the researcher uses positive and acceptable behavior to the target population. Maintaining balance in research can also be achieved when the target population is informed about the results of the study (DeNisco & Barker, 2015). This gives assurance to participants about the behaviors that they need to embrace for a quality life.

References

DeNisco, S. M., & Barker, A. M. (2015). Advanced practice nursing: Essential knowledge for the profession. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Martz, D. (2018). Finding common ground: Consensus in research ethics across the social sciences By Ron Iphofen (Ed.) Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing Limited, 2017. $78.91, ISBN 9781787141315. British Journal of Psychology109(3), 631-632.