NURS 6512 Week 9 Assessment Of Cognition And The Neurologic System

NURS 6512 Week 9 Assessment Of Cognition And The Neurologic System

To Prepare

  • By Day 1 of this week, you will be assigned to a specific case study for this Case Study Assignment. Please see the “Course Announcements” section of the classroom for your assignment from your Instructor.
  • Also, your Case Study Assignment should be in the Episodic/Focused SOAP Note format rather than the traditional narrative style format. Refer to Chapter 2 of the Sullivan text and the Episodic/Focused SOAP Template in the Week 5 Learning Resources for guidance. Remember that all Episodic/Focused SOAP notes have specific data included in every patient case.

With regard to the case study you were assigned:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources, and consider the insights they provide about the case study.
  • Consider what history would be necessary to collect from the patient in the case study you were assigned.
  • Consider what physical exams and diagnostic tests would be appropriate to gather more information about the patient’s condition. How would the results be used to make a diagnosis?
  • Identify at least five possible conditions that may be considered in a differential diagnosis for the patient.

The Case Study Assignment

Use the Episodic/Focused SOAP Template and create an episodic/focused note about the patient in the case study to which you were assigned using the episodic/focused note template provided in the Week 5 resources. Provide evidence from the literature to support diagnostic tests that would be appropriate for each case. List five different possible conditions for the patient’s differential diagnosis, and justify why you selected each.


Episodic/Focused SOAP Note Template

Patient Information:

Initials: H.F.                Age: 47 Years             Sex: Female                Race: Caucasian


CC (chief complaint): “I am experiencing pain in my right wrist”

HPI: H.F., a 47-year-old Caucasian female with obesity, sought medical attention at the clinic due to her primary concern of experiencing pain in her right wrist, accompanied by sensations of numbness and tingling in the index, middle finger, and thumb. The patient has provided an account of experiencing these symptoms approximately fourteen days prior. Nevertheless, she expresses apprehension regarding the discomfort, as it causes her to inadvertently release her hairstyling implements.

Location: Right wrist

Onset: two weeks ago

Character: Numbness and pain in her right wrist

Associated signs and symptoms: Thumb, middle, and index finger tingling

Timing: the whole day

Exacerbating/ relieving factors: Worse while doing tasks with the wrist joint. When the wrist is stationary, the discomfort is reduced.

Severity: 6/10

Current Medications:

  • Ibuprofen at a dosage of 400mg taken orally as needed,
  • Hydrochlorothiazide at a dosage of 25mg taken orally every morning
  • Amlodipine at a dosage of 10mg taken orally once daily.

Allergies: Allergic to sulfur. No environmental or food allergies.

PMHx: The patient exhibits obesity and has a documented history of hypertension.

  • Immunization status: The patient has received all necessary vaccinations, including Tdap in October 2020, the Influenza Vaccine during the current season, and completed the COVID-19 Vaccines with Boosters in 2021.
  • Surgeries: without any prior surgical history
  • Hospitalization: There is no record of any hospitalizations.

Soc Hx: The patient is a hairdresser who works five blocks from her house in a neighborhood spa. She claims to have a history of sometimes consuming alcohol while smoking cigarettes. She does not, however, admit to using marijuana or any other illegal substance. She presently lives as a family with her husband and three kids. During her free time, she enjoys singing and reading. She exercises by taking the dog for a 30-minute walk every evening. She affirms that she eats a healthy diet and sleeps well for around 8 hours each night.

Fam Hx: The patient has two siblings, the younger of whom has just received an asthma diagnosis while the other is well. Both of her parents are still living; the mother has a history of T2DM and HTN, while the father has a history of HTN and esophagostomy. She is unaware of the medical history of her grandparents.


GENERAL: denies any symptoms of heat or cold sensitivity, reduced appetite, sluggishness, chills, fever, or recent weight changes.

HEENT: Head: denies experiencing seizures, headaches, or dizziness. Eye: denies any discomfort, discharge, vision disturbances, photophobia, or blurriness. Ear: denies discharge, tinnitus, discomfort, or hearing loss. Nose: denies having sneeze fits, sinus pain, a runny nose, or nose bleeding. Throat: denies pain, swallowing issues, or voice hoarseness.

SKIN: denies rash or itching.

CARDIOVASCULAR: denies having orthopnea, arrhythmias, elevated blood pressure, or palpitations.

RESPIRATORY: denies having a cough, producing phlegm, having breathing problems, or breathing quickly.

GASTROINTESTINAL: denies experiencing vomiting, heartburn, heartburn pain, discomfort, or abdominal distention.

GENITOURINARY: denies having hematuria, vaginal discharge, incontinence, dysuria, oliguria, frequent urination, or burning pain.

NEUROLOGICAL: denies experiencing ataxia, a headache, paralysis, syncope, or abnormalities in bowel or bladder control. reports tingling and numbness in the middle, index, and thumb fingers.

MUSCULOSKELETAL: a right wrist ache is reported. denies muscular pain, joint stiffness, or joint swelling. demonstrates the complete range of motion in other joints.

HEMATOLOGIC: denies bleeding issues, easy bruising, or anemia.

LYMPHATICS: denies splenectomy or lymphadenopathy.

PSYCHIATRIC: denies experiencing hallucinations or other psychological symptoms such as anxiety, sadness, or thoughts of homicide or suicide.

ENDOCRINOLOGIC: denies a tendency to sweat excessively, polyuria, polydipsia, or sensitivity to heat and cold.

ALLERGIES: Sulfur allergy is reported.


Physical exam: Vital signs: BP- 138/86 mmHg, PR-86, RR-19, Temp- 98.9, SpO2-98% on room air, Ht- 5’9”, Wt- 210 lbs., BMI-31.01

GENERAL: a female who is obese and adequately attired. Clear speaking, the patient is focused and aware X4. The patient responds to inquiries adequately and is not visibly distressed.

HEENT: Head: normal-sized, trauma-free, and without scars. Eye: Sclera and conjunctiva are clear. No significant redness, discharge, or tearing. Ear: Typical pinna with an unobstructed tympanic membrane. It is normal for the external auditory canal. Nose: nasal mucous membrane that is wet. No sinuses or discomfort to the touch. Throat: pink, wet mucous membrane in the mouth. The tonsils and posterior pharynx are not erythematous, and the uvula is in the middle.

MUSCULOSKELETAL: Gait and musculoskeletal development are normal. displays a healthy body posture without any joint or bone swelling or abnormalities. Right thumb abduction shows weakness, with a 3/5 poor strength. Positive Hoffmann-Tinel and Phalen indicators. All the muscles of the other limb are strong and their tendon reflexes are normal.

NEUROLOGICAL: Aware and well-grounded in time, location, and people. quite helpful throughout the assessment. All of the cranial nerves are mostly unharmed. demonstrates typical reactions. The right hand’s middle finger, thumb, and index finger all feel numb and tingly.

Diagnostic results: The complete blood count (CBC) reveals a white blood cell count (WBC) of 8.9. Additionally, a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) including differentials is performed.  The glucose level is measured at 125, while the HgbA1c level is recorded as 4.5%, indicating the need to exclude any potential presence or occurrence. Neuropathy associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The concentration of C-reactive protein in the sample is 4.2 mg/L (Attal & Didier Bouhassira, 2023).

Diagnostic Tests:

  • An X-ray examination of the right wrist was conducted to assess the presence of arthritic changes (Genova et al., 2020).
  • Test for bone density to rule out osteoporosis.
  • nerve conduction analysis.
  • Manual: Tinel sign and Durkans Test (Zhang et al., 2020).


Differential Diagnoses:

  1. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS): This condition is characterized by symptoms such as tingling and numbness in the fingers, which occur due to compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel (Malakootian et al., 2022). This condition is commonly regarded as an occupational disease characterized by repetitive wrist and finger extension and flexion. However, certain cases of CTS may have an unknown cause, and the risk of developing CTS can be influenced by various factors, including genetic and acquired factors. A nerve conduction study is a precise diagnostic tool used to identify both normal and abnormal values of nerve function. Diagnostic laboratory results can also be utilized for the identification of increased levels of inflammatory markers. The patient exhibits multiple risk factors for developing this disease, including occupational factors and obesity.
  2. Peripheral neuropathy: This condition is linked to hand numbness. The patient’s gender, familial history, and weight contribute to their increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (Selvarajah et al., 2019). Peripheral neuropathy is a frequently observed symptom associated with T2DM, characterized by a gradual onset. A two-point discrimination test was conducted, revealing decreased sensitivity in the patient’s right arm. The patient reports no decrease in sensation in the lower extremities. If the patient experiences altered symptoms and exhibits new-onset neuropathy in the lower extremities, I will contemplate reevaluating the A1C levels and potentially diagnose diabetic peripheral neuropathy based on diagnostic assessments. Diabetic individuals exhibit significant declines in hand and finger dexterity relative to their healthy counterparts.
  3. Wartenberg’s syndrome: This condition presents as paresthesia or pain occurring along the radial aspect of the forearm, with symptoms radiating toward the thumb and middle fingers. The pain arises due to the compression of the superficial radial nerve. Potential external factors may include the presence of a wristwatch or objects exerting pressure on the nerve (Kuschner & Berihun, 2021). The technique of palpation in the vicinity of the radial nerve region is employed to detect potential masses located both superficially and deeply. The utilization of the Tinel’s sign aids in the confirmation of this particular diagnosis.
  4. Lupus: This is an autoimmune disease characterized by immune system dysfunction, resulting in inflammation, a high body temperature, joint pain, malaise, and rash. DNA methylation is a specific and reliable biomarker for the diagnosis of lupus, exhibiting cell-type specificity (Fanouriakis et al., 2020). DNA methylation is more prominent in patients with active disease compared to those in remission. The lupus band test (LBT) is a direct immunofluorescent approach conducted through skin biopsy. It is particularly valuable in cases where clinical and laboratory data are inconclusive for diagnosing lupus.
  5. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM): The patient is at a heightened risk of developing T2DM. In the event of a gradual increase in the patient’s HbA1c, it is recommended to implement a prediabetes protocol involving lifestyle modifications such as dietary changes, exercise, and regular monitoring of HbA1c levels. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DNP) is characterized by progressive metabolic and inflammatory alterations that result in impaired daily functioning and reduced independence (Wu et al., 2021). Fasting lipid levels should be included in laboratory tests to assess cholesterol levels and provide education on cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, and HDL levels.




Attal, N., & Didier Bouhassira. (2023). Neuropathic Pain.

Fanouriakis, A., Tziolos, N., Bertsias, G., & Boumpas, D. T. (2020). Update Οn the Diagnosis and Management of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases80(1), annrheumdis-2020-218272.

Genova, A., Dix, O., Saefan, A., Thakur, M., & Hassan, A. (2020). Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Review of Literature. Cureus12(3).

Kuschner, S. H., & Berihun, H. (2021). Robert Wartenberg Syndrome and Sign: A Review Article. The Open Orthopaedics Journal15(1), 13–16.

Malakootian, M., Soveizi, M., Gholipour, A., & Oveisee, M. (2022). Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Genetics of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Review. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology.

Selvarajah, D., Kar, D., Khunti, K., Davies, M. J., Scott, A. R., Walker, J., & Tesfaye, S. (2019). Diabetic peripheral neuropathy: advances in diagnosis and strategies for screening and early intervention. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology7(12), 938–948.

Wu, B., Niu, Z., & Hu, F. (2021). Study on Risk Factors of Peripheral Neuropathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Establishment of Prediction Model. Diabetes & Metabolism Journal45(4), 526–538.

Zhang, D., Chruscielski, C., Blazar, P., & Earp, B. (2020). Accuracy of Provocative Tests for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Journal of Hand Surgery Global Online2(3), 121–125.