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NURS 8200 Discussion: Using Both Quantitative and Qualitative Methods

NURS 8200 Discussion: Using Both Quantitative and Qualitative Methods

NURS 8200 Discussion: Using Both Quantitative and Qualitative Methods
The use of a mixed methods design in health care research studies

The novel COVID-19 pandemic has had a severe global impact and thus, mitigating strategies are needed to contain it (Phua, et. al, 2020). Vaccines are the most successful methods available for reducing the worldwide pandemic’s severity (Rodrigues & Plotkin, 2020). Reluctance to vaccinate among the general population is a major concern for public health professionals. There is little understanding on acceptability of COVID-19 vaccines. There is therefore a need to conduct a study on public’s attitude and acceptance of different COVID-19 vaccines.

The study will apply the use of mixed-method approach. This approach is best suited for this study because combining quantitative and qualitative data will help resolve discrepancies between the two by comparing the responses obtained. This approach also provides the personal view of participants (Creswell, 2017).) their attitude towards vaccine and whether they will accept or not. The use of mixed methods also gives study participants a voice and ensures that study conclusions are anchored in participants’ experiences.

When a study combines qualitative and quantitative data, it improves the findings by making sure that the limitations of one type are balanced by strength of the other (Palinkas, Aarons, & Horwitz, et al., 2017). By combining multiple methods of knowing, comprehension will be improved. Using one method gives incomplete picture and the study will lack strong foundation for discussion. For instance, a huge number of outcomes with too many details or inappropriate conclusions might occur when you focus solely on qualitative findings. On the other hand, it is common to draw extremely broad generalizations without appropriate context when you focus exclusively on quantitative findings. Quantitative data tells you what to do, while qualitative data tells you why to do it; thus improving the findings of the study.

Using mixed method has some drawbacks. It is challenging to conduct a study that uses two different data formats (Johnson, &

NURS 8200 Discussion Using Both Quantitative and Qualitative Methods
NURS 8200 Discussion Using Both Quantitative and Qualitative Methods

Onwuegbuzie, 2018) because collecting, analyzing data and interpreting findings may take more knowledge than utilizing one approach. Also, there might be discrepancies that occur throughout the comparison process, and they may be difficult to resolve. In addition, they require more resources such as money and time. I will familiarize myself with both research methods so that I can efficiently and effectively collect and analyse the data. I will also employ a research assistant to help with data collection to deal with time constraint.

References

Creswell, J. W. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Johnson, R.B. & Onwuegbuzie, A.J. (2018). Mixed methods research: a research paradigm whose time has come. Educational Researcher, 33(7), 14-26.

Palinkas, L.A., Aarons, G.A., & Horwitz S., et al. (2017). Mixed methods designs in implementation research. Adm. Policy Ment Health; 38(1):44–53.

Phua J, Weng L, Ling L, Egi M, Lim C-M, & Divatia JV, et al. (2020). Intensive care management of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): challenges and recommendations. Lancet Respir Med.;8(5):506–17. pmid:32272080; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7198848.

Rodrigues C. M. C, & Plotkin, S.A. (2020). Impact of Vaccines; Health, Economic and Social Perspectives. Front Microbiol.;11:1526. pmid:32760367; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7371956.

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You have provided an engaging post on the use of a mixed-methods design in health care research studies focusing on the novel COVID-19 pandemic as the selected issue of concern. I agree with you that the COVID-19 pandemic is a complex issue and therefore, a mixed-method design would be appropriate to allow for use of different data collection and analysis approaches to give a better insight into the situation.  A possible quantitative method I would use to collect data about the attitude towards vaccines is to use a questionnaire Likert scale such as I agree, strongly agree, strongly disagree, disagree. This will provide quantitative data which can be complemented by the qualitative data obtained from the semi-structured interviews and thus, the foundation for strong decisions in the future (Laureate Education, 2011). Thanks.

Reference

Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2011). Research methods for evidence-based practice: Mixed methods: An example. Baltimore, MD: Author.

What are the factors influencing the use of mixed research method? Understanding the advantages and disadvantages of the mixed research method will help the researcher determine the suitability of applying them to the case scenario. In your case, you explored the public’s attitudes on the acceptance of the Covid-19 pandemic vaccines. The study used a mixed-method approach and this would help the researcher obtained adequate data on the research subject. The use of the mixed method would help the researcher to understand both the personal views of the participants and their attitudes towards the vaccines.

One of the methods used in mixed method is that the data from the qualitative approach are compared with the data from the quantitative method (Fetters & Molina-Azorin, 2020). For example, the data collected from the surveys may be compared with the data collected from the interviews. In so doing, the researcher develop a wider perspective of the research question and validate the data collected by comparing and determining the possibility of inconsistency (Mazevska et al., 2021). Such methods help in eliminating biases that could be associated by either of the methods applied in the data collection.

Both the qualitative and quantitative methods have advantages and flaws. Therefore, combining the two helps in providing a more reliable picture of the research question. The combination of the multiple methods of knowing and comprehension will be improved through the method (Ryu, 2020). Furthermore, it is evident that you defined the possible challenges likely to be encountered in using the mixed methods. One major challenge is the possibility of having discrepancies in the results obtained from the two data collection methods.

References

Fetters, M. D., & Molina-Azorin, J. F. (2020). Utilizing a mixed methods approach for conducting interventional evaluations. Journal of Mixed Methods Research14(2), 131-144. https://doi.org/10.1177/1558689820912856

Mazevska, D., Pearse, J., & Tierney, S. (2021). Using a theoretical framework to inform implementation of the patient-centred medical home (PCMH) model in primary care: Protocol for a mixed methods systematic review. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-524707/v1

Ryu, S. (2020). The role of mixed methods in conducting design-based research. Educational Psychologist55(4), 232-243. https://doi.org/10.1080/00461520.2020.1794871