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NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2: Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes

NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2: Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes 

DQ: Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2:

Topic 1 DQ 2: Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes. How does this model help in teaching  behavioral changes? What are some of the barriers that afect a patient’s ability to learn? How does a patient’s readiness to learn, or readiness to change, afect learning outcomes?NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2

The goal of Pender’s health promotion model was to provide “a framework to understand health promotion behaviors by recognizing the family as the unit of assessment and intervention” (Whitney, 2018). It was developed by Nola Pender in 1982 when she noticed that providers were focusing primarily on the treatment of disease rather than the patient’s environment and lifestyle choices. The model assesses the individual’s characteristics and experiences, taking past successes and failures into consideration, personal interpersonal and situational influences, and commitament to the plan of action (Pender, 2010).

Pender’s model attributes self-perceived barriers as a constraint to committing to action. Influences such as family or external environment can be barriers if they are not aligned with care goals. Pender writes that patients are more likely to commit to essential changes in self-care if the behavior is modeled by family and other support people (Pender, 2010). Pender’s model works because it expands the view of the patient in the healthcare setting.NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2: Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes

Family Health Assessment is crucial in identifying the family’s strength and weakness in terms of access to quality and affordable care. The assessment also provides crucial information to the healthcare practitioners on the threats to achieving comprehensive health and general wellness for the whole population.

Furthermore, the family assessment prepares nurses especially the Family Nurse Practitioners with the relevant skills required in the assessment of the family health patterns and be able to offer family-based solutions (Peterson-Burch, 2018). The concept has also proved to be instrumental in advancement of genetic interventions in some of the complex conditions.

NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2: Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes

Whitney, S. (2018). Teaching and learning styles, In Grand Canyon University (Eds.), Health promotion: Health and Wellness Across the Continuum. NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs429vn/health-promotion-health-and-wellness-across-the-continuum/v1.1/#/chapter/1 

Pender, N. (2010). The Health Promotion Model Manuel. https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/85350/?sequence=1

The participatory health model incorporates both the providers as well as the patient and their families. This model uses shared

DQ Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes NRS 429
DQ Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes NRS 429

decision making. By doing this the patient as well as their families can discuss options and treatments as well as their wants with their providers. They work as a team. By having open communication between the patient can get adequate treatment as well as have a voice regarding their own care. This model can help with behavioral changes because there is respect for each party which then leads to common goals.NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2

If a patient thinks their provider respects them and understands their wants it will make patients more willing to participate with their care and be more compliant.NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2: Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes Some barriers that could affect a patient’s ability to learn could be lower grade level education, patients own personal beliefs, or even religion. If your patient has a lower level of education, they might not be able to fully understand what is going on or the medical words that are used.

With that being said it is beneficial to use terms that are easy to understand and to then make sure the patient truly comprehends what you are saying to them. A patient’s religion might stop them from making certain healthcare decisions, the decision might be put off to a husband or a brother, or even just prevent them from certain treatments in general. If a patient is not truly wanting to change or to learn then no matter how much you try, they are not going to fully grasp what you are trying to teach them. They must truly want the change and be willing to put in the effort or the sacrifices needed to help improve their health.

Whitney, S. (2018). Teaching and learning styles. Gcumedia.com. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs429vn/health-promotion-health-and-wellness-across-the-continuum/v1.1/#/chapter/1

Also read: https://nursingassignmentgurus.com/dq-explain-the-role-of-health-education-in-health-promotion/

ALSO READ: DQ: What is a definition of family that encompasses the different family structures prevalent today? NRS 429

Topic 1 DQ 2

The Health Belief Model (HBM) is one of the health promotion models used to promote behavioral change. HBM is a theoretical model that guides health promotion and disease prevention programs. It explains and predicts individual changes in health behaviors. (Luquis & Kensinger, 2019). It was developed to help understand the failure of individuals to implement disease prevention strategies or screening tests to facilitate the early detection of diseases.NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2

HBM helps teach behavioral changes by focusing on individual beliefs about diseases, which predict individual health-related behaviors (Luquis & Kensinger, 2019). The HBM proposes that an individual’s belief in a threat of an illness or disease, in addition to their belief in the effectiveness of the recommended health behavior or action, will project the chances that the person will adopt the behavior.

Various barriers affect a patient’s learning ability, making health education delivery challenging for nurse educators. These barriers include language barriers, cultural differences, low literacy, and health literacy levels, and physiological barriers like visual and hearing impairments (Fereidouni et al., 2019).

A person’s health literacy levels determine their capacity to comprehend the vocabulary and concepts used in health-education instructions and materials. Thus, a patient with a low health literacy level might not fully understand health education and how to apply it to change their behavior. The nurse educator should be aware of these barriers and identify solutions to address them to promote successful health education sessions.

A patient’s readiness to learn refers to their chances of searching for knowledge and changing their behavior or lifestyle practices. Health education is most effective if it sides with the patient’s readiness level. A high degree of readiness to learn positively affects the learning outcomes since the patient has a high probability of changing behavior and lifestyle, unlike a patient with a low level (Flanders, 2018). Furthermore, the patient is more likely to sustain the new behavior because of reinforcement.NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2

NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2 References

Fereidouni, Z., Sabet Sarvestani, R., Hariri, G., Kuhpaye, S. A., Amirkhani, M., & Kalyani, M. N. (2019). Moving Into Action: The Master Key to Patient Education. The journal of nursing research : JNR27(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1097/jnr.0000000000000280

Flanders, S. A. (2018). Effective patient education: Evidence and common sense. Medsurg Nursing27(1), 55-58.

Luquis, R. R., & Kensinger, W. S. (2019). Applying the health belief model to assess prevention services among young adults. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education57(1), 37-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/14635240.2018.1549958

Topic 1 DQ 2

The Health Belief Model (HBM) is one of the health promotion models used to promote behavioral change. HBM is a theoretical model that guides health promotion and disease prevention programs. It explains and predicts individual changes in health behaviors. (Luquis & Kensinger, 2019). It was developed to help understand the failure of individuals to implement disease prevention strategies or screening tests to facilitate the early detection of diseases.NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2

HBM helps teach behavioral changes by focusing on individual beliefs about diseases, which predict individual health-related behaviors (Luquis & Kensinger, 2019). The HBM proposes that an individual’s belief in a threat of an illness or disease, in addition to their belief in the effectiveness of the recommended health behavior or action, will project the chances that the person will adopt the behavior.

Various barriers affect a patient’s learning ability, making health education delivery challenging for nurse educators. These barriers include language barriers, cultural differences, low literacy, and health literacy levels, and physiological barriers like visual and hearing impairments (Fereidouni et al., 2019).NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2

A person’s health literacy levels determine their capacity to comprehend the vocabulary and concepts used in health-education instructions and materials. Thus, a patient with a low health literacy level might not fully understand health education and how to apply it to change their behavior. The nurse educator should be aware of these barriers and identify solutions to address them to promote successful health education sessions.NRS 429 Topic 1 DQ 2

A patient’s readiness to learn refers to their chances of searching for knowledge and changing their behavior or lifestyle practices. Health education is most effective if it sides with the patient’s readiness level. A high degree of readiness to learn positively affects the learning outcomes since the patient has a high probability of changing behavior and lifestyle, unlike a patient with a low level (Flanders, 2018). Furthermore, the patient is more likely to sustain the new behavior because of reinforcement.

References

Fereidouni, Z., Sabet Sarvestani, R., Hariri, G., Kuhpaye, S. A., Amirkhani, M., & Kalyani, M. N. (2019). Moving Into Action: The Master Key to Patient Education. The journal of nursing research : JNR27(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1097/jnr.0000000000000280

Flanders, S. A. (2018). Effective patient education: Evidence and common sense. Medsurg Nursing27(1), 55-58.

Luquis, R. R., & Kensinger, W. S. (2019). Applying the health belief model to assess prevention services among young adults. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education57(1), 37-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/14635240.2018.1549958