coursework-banner

NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

Discuss the role of the Institutional Review Board. Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health. How are respect for the persons, potential benefits and burdens of the research, and justice kept in balance? Provide an example. NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

Re: Topic 3 DQ 2 NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population healthNUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

Under FDA regulations, an Institutional Review Board is group that has been formally designated to review and monitor biomedical research involving human subjects. The purpose of IRB review is to assure, both in advance and by periodic review, that appropriate steps are taken to protect the rights and welfare of humans participating as subjects in the research.

To accomplish this purpose, IRBs use a group process to review research protocols and related materials (e.g., informed consent documents and investigator brochures) to ensure protection of the rights and welfare of human subjects of research (FDA, n.d). NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

From a public health perspective, it is important to recognize an ethical standard that respects community autonomy. This standard can be achieved by requiring community collaboration (ie, at a minimum, establishing a community advisory board) to protect against exploiting vulnerable populations, to ensure fair terms of cooperation, to ratify that the interventions to be tested are acceptable to community members, and to minimize potential misunderstandings about the research.

Such community advisory boards should have responsibility for determining whether the research goals are valuable to local community members and the methods are acceptable before the research is allowed to proceed (Buchanan & Miller, 2006).NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

In this era of translational research, social injustice is one of the crucial ethical concerns. Resource-rich countries conducting translational medical research in resource-poor countries are common and if the results of the research are not expected to be beneficial/less beneficial to the resource-poor country, then arises the issue of social injustice and disparity. Examples include research undertaken on diseases that are rare or the resulting intervention/product is too expensive to implement, in developing countries (Mandal et al., 2017).

References NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

Buchanan, D. R., & Miller, F. G. (2006). A public health perspective on research ethics. Journal of medical ethics32(12), 729–733. https://doi.org/10.1136/jme.2006.015891

Mandal, J., Ponnambath, D. K., & Parija, S. C. (2017). Ethics of translational medical research. Tropical parasitology7(2), 62–64. https://doi.org/10.4103/tp.TP_47_17

FDA (n.d). Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) and Protection of Human Subjects in Clinical Trials. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/about-fda/center-drug-evaluation-and-research-cder/institutional-review-boards-irbs-and-protection-human-subjects-clinical-trials

Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our Verified MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS: How are respect for the persons, potential benefits and burdens of the research, and justice kept in balance? Provide an example.

 

RESPOND HERE (150 WORDS, 2 REFERENCES) NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

Hello,

I agree with you that it the institutional review board (IRB) is mandated to carry out assessment and standardization of any

NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health
NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

biomedical or biotechnological research that works with human subjects. One of the key pillars considered by the IRB is the autonomy of the subjects. It is imperative to have a research framework that is built on community engagement and participation at free will without coercion or intimidation (Das & Sil, 2017). NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

The information shared to the subjects should be truthful and no crucial information should be obstructed or hidden from them. Additionally, the research project should be of general good and valuable to the entire pubic. Clinical trials procedure should be strictly adhered to and the human trials should only be used at the appropriate stage and only on volunteers who have not been pushed to take part because of being taken advantage of or being paid in order to take part. It should be out of their self-consciousness and willingness (Landray et al., 2017).

References NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

Landray, M. J., Bax, J. J., Alliot, L., Buyse, M., Cohen, A., Collins, R., Hindricks, G., James, S. K., Lane, S., Maggioni, A. P., Meeker-O’Connell, A., Olsson, G., Pocock, S. J., Rawlins, M., Sellors, J., Shinagawa, K., Sipido, K. R., Smeeth, L., Stephens, R., & Stewart, M. W. (2017). Improving public health by improving clinical trial guidelines and their application. European Heart Journal, 38(21), 1632–1637. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehx086

Das, N., & Sil, A. (2017). Evolution of ethics in clinical research and ethics committee. Indian Journal of Dermatology, 62(4), 373. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijd.ijd_271_17NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

Re: Topic 3 DQ 2 NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

Unfortunately, many countries including the United States have conducted unethical clinical trials in the past and because of that, we have implemented policies and regulations to keep human participants safe. The Institutional Review Board (IRB) was implemented to keep safeguards in place for these clinical trials. They have three basic ethical principles to stand by; respect for person, beneficence, and justice (Qiao, 2018).
Respect for persons is kept in balance by ensuring patient autonomy.

This is where informed consent comes to play. Patients need to be fully informed about the trial they are participating in, including requirements expected of the patient and any adverse effects the patient may experience. They have to voluntary agree to participate in the trial and be informed that they can choose to drop out of the trial at any time (Pietrzykowski & Smilowska, 2021). NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health

The beneficence is focused on protecting the patient or study participant (Qiao, 2018). Ensuring patient safety is at utmost importance during every step of the trial. Justice will be kept in balance by ensuring equity. Health equity has been a hot topic recently where many of the minority population may not have access to clinical trials or the knowledge to be comfortable with becoming a participant.

Also Check Out:  NUR 550 Topic 3 DQ 2 Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population healthNUR 550 Topic 2 DQ 2 Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics