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NUR 550- Translation Research and Population Health Management Week 7 Discussion

NUR 550- Translation Research and Population Health Management Week 7 Discussion

NUR 550- Translation Research and Population Health Management Week 7 Discussion

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DQ1 Identify three major policy issues that affect the current state of health care delivery and population health equity in the United States. What impact do these population health policies and initiatives have on advanced nursing practice?

DQ2 Select an effective current health policy that focuses on or affects population health. What components of this policy make it effective? Conduct research on its history and the factors that influenced its development.

Obesity, or having too much body fat, can be a complex health issue. It can lead to numerous other health conditions including type two diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and stroke. The increasing rates of obesity has led to an epidemic in the United States and globally. In fact, since 1975, the obesity count has nearly tripled (National Institute of Health [NIH], 2021). Obesity has been found to be caused by poor dietary habits and lack of physical activity. Many restaurants cook with a lot of oil and butter, which makes the food delicious. However, Americans, may not be aware of all the fat that is really in the foods at their favorite restaurants. Therefore, we have implemented the food menu labeling law that requires restaurants to list calories and other nutritional information on their menus (U.S. Food & Drug Administration [FDA], 2020). This provides the public knowledge about the food they are intaking so Americans can make informed decisions with their dietary habits.

References

National Institute of Health. (2021, March 23). Obesity. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Retrieved July 27, 2021, from https://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/conditions/obesity/index.cfm

U.S. Food & Drug Administration. (2020, April 1). Menu labeling requirements. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved July 27, 2021, from https://www.fda.gov/food/food-labeling-nutrition/menu-labeling-requirements

Also Check Out: NUR 550- Translation Research and Population Health Management Week 6 Discussion

RESPOND HERE (150 WORDS, 2 REFERENCES)

Hello Kelli,

NUR 550- Translation Research and Population Health Management Week 7 Discussion
NUR 550- Translation Research and Population Health Management Week 7 Discussion

I agree with you that obesity is one of the major health concerns in the US that is associated with many comorbidities, among them stroke, heart failure, type 2 diabetes and a number of cardiorespiratory conditions (Ward et al., 2019). Over the years, there has been major emphasis to American population to adopt healthy lifestyles. These involves reduced consumption of junk foods, reduced intake of alcohol and cigarrete smoking. Community Health Nurse or Public Health Nurse have continued to experience an expanded role that helps in promoting better health outcomes within the population. The role of the community health nurse covers a broad scope of practice but to a specific group of patients within the community such as in a school setting. They do help in educating the members of the community on health promotion measures and formulation of policies that are meant to enhance quality healthcare, however, the responsibilities vary depending on the health needs of the community at a particular time (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine et al., 2017).

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References

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Health and Medicine Division, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, in, Baciu, A., Yamrot Negussie, Geller, A., & Weinstein, J. N. (2017, January 11). Partners in Promoting Health Equity in Communities. Nih.gov; National Academies Press (US). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK425859/

Ward, Z. J., Bleich, S. N., Cradock, A. L., Barrett, J. L., Giles, C. M., Flax, C., Long, M. W., & Gortmaker, S. L. (2019). Projected U.S. State-Level Prevalence of Adult Obesity and Severe Obesity. New England Journal of Medicine, 381(25), 2440–2450. https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmsa1909301

 

SARAH

Re: Topic 7 DQ 2

Changing public policies, according to Eyler et al. (2016), can have a significant impact on public health. I chose current public health and automobile safety policies (Eyler, Et. Al, 2016). By investigating related public strategies for accomplishing this, such as mandating seat belts and child safety seats, mandating motorcycle helmets, and programs to reduce drinking and driving (Eyler, Et. Al, 2016).

As a result, our goal with the general public is to make driving, which is one of the most dangerous things you can do, safer. To begin, consider why an adult should wear a seatbelt. Millions of adults admit to not wearing a seatbelt; nearly half of those killed in car accidents in 2016 were not wearing a seat belt; motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of death among Americans aged 1-54; and ejection from a vehicle increases the likelihood of a fatality by a factor of 20. (Kailee Mills Foundation, 2020). Now consider why we should keep our children in safety seats until they are able to properly fit a seat belt. Car accidents are the leading cause of death in children in the United States; simply installing a proper safety seat reduces serious and fatal injuries by up to 80%. n.d. (Child Passenger Safety). When a motorcycle rider chooses to wear a helmet, they reduce their risk of head injury by 69% and their risk of death by 42%. 2020 (Kennedy). Furthermore, non-helmeted riders are twice as likely to sustain a cervical spine injury (Kennedy, 2020).

Eyler, A. A., & Brownson, R. (2016, January). The Power of Policy to Improve Health. Oxford Medicine Online. https://oxfordmedicine.com/view/10.1093/med/9780190224653.001.0001/med-9780190224653-chapter-1

Kailee Mills Foundation. (2020, September 15). Seat Belt Safety | Kailee Mills Foundation | Texas Charityhttps://www.kaileemillsfoundation.org/seat-belt-safety/?gclid=Cj0KCQjw6ZOIBhDdARIsAMf8YyENuWKlTbxcL2ZHAfGPREQitnwA6B9999Gkll27nMWRi6VBf8NDvtMaAmD7EALw_wcB

Child Passenger Safety | Motor Vehicle Safety | CDC Injury Center. (n.d.). CDC.Gov. Retrieved August 1, 2021, from https://www.cdc.gov/transportationsafety/child_passenger_safety/index.html

Kennedy, A. (2020, February 18). Motorcycle Helmets. Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety. https://saferoads.org/issues/motorcycle-helmets/#:%7E:text=Motorcycle%20helmets%20reduce%20the%20risk,disability%20in%20America%20%E2%80%94%20head%20injuries.