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NURS 6053 Assignment Developing Organizational Policies and Practices Essay

NURS 6053 Assignment Developing Organizational Policies and Practices Essay

NURS 6053 Assignment Developing Organizational Policies and Practices Essay

Cost of medication determines whether the patients will be willing to seek healthcare services from an institution or not. The goal of the quadruple Aim is to reduce the cost of education and increase the access to healthcare services by the population. The cost of medication depends on various factors including the changing economic times and the need to increase the number of healthcare providers in an organization. From the business perspective, institutions operate with the aim of making profits. Therefore, in the call for improving the quality of the healthcare services the patients receive, the healthcare institutions may require to increase their staffs and other equipment necessary for efficient operations. Addition of the resources result in the increased cost which must be transferred to the patients who are the consumers. Therefore, the current study explores the conflicting perspective of the mandatory overtime as a way of meeting the needs of the patients without increasing the cost of medication.

Competing Needs

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The increasing number of patients in the healthcare institution requires an additional human resource. However, conventionally, the

NURS 6053 Assignment Developing Organizational Policies and Practices Essay
NURS 6053 Assignment Developing Organizational Policies and Practices Essay

ratio of healthcare providers to the patients have remained low because of the limited resources. Healthcare providers are forced to attend to many patients beyond the standard requirements. Alternatively, the healthcare institution may opt to recruit more staff and this will result in additional costs which may be transferred to what patients pay. Some leaders may opt of make full of their current staffing in responding to the rising costs and change in the payment policies by the federal government.

NURS 6053 Assignment Developing Organizational Policies and Practices EssayThe introduction of the pay-for-value compensation method meant that healthcare institutions would improve the quality of healthcare services to the patients (Kominski et al., 2017). Besides, the policy aimed at eliminating all the unnecessary health interventions that could otherwise increase the cost of medication. Furthermore, the hospital institutions are forced to utilize their existing staff accordingly to improve both the quality of care and minimize the treatment costs. Nurses and other healthcare providers may be forced to work for long hours since they have to spend lots of time understanding the need of their patients to meet the quality threshold (Bernstrøm et al., 2019). On the other hand, the increasing number of patients also force them to work overtime. Therefore, the need to lower the cost of medication and at the same time maintain the quality exists.

As nurses we’re faced with ethical dilemmas daily. We must not confuse ethics and the actual laws surrounding this profession. Although ethics and the law are very similar and paths overlap, they are not the same. Ethical dilemmas occur quite frequently in the healthcare field, which makes healthcare professionals more aware of how to respond to such events. Ethical issues put all healthcare professionals in the mindset of doing what is best for the patient. A national healthcare issue that is currently on a higher trend seems to be the nursing shortage in the work field. Overwhelming patient assignments ultimately lead to disgruntled staff affecting the overall working environment. The shortage in nursing many organizations are facing seem to have multiple effects on quality improvement or indicators such as customer service scores, increased amount of workloads and a decrease in the quality of care rendered (Buerhaus, Skinner, Auerbach, & Staiger, 2017). As safety is the number one goal inpatient care, polices over time have been revamped to ensure safer working environments for the shortage of nurses ultimately reducing medication errors as well as nurse burnout. Moreover, whereas patient needs dictate that hospitals shpuld hire more nurses, the financial performances of these hospitals is also a factor. Thus, nurisng shorateg is being affected by the need to provide quality healtt care services vis-à-vis the need to maintain heallty financial performances by health care facilities. Evidence suggests that hospitals have chosen the latter need hence the existence of nursing shortage.

Policies and Practices to Adress Nursing Shortage

At a leadership level, leaders must find the common balance to retain nurses by any means necessary while also understanding the demands placed on staff with unbearable patient acuities. Finding such balances demand strict policies to be put in place even if they are state-regulated. Within my organizations, we have strict policies for the different levels of care to determine the patient/nurse ratio (Abhicharttibutra et al., 2017). With the higher demands of needs for the care the patient may require they are put on different units, which also sets the bar for the nurse-patient ratio. A patient at a medical-surgical level of care does not and may not require the same care as a patient at an intensive care unit. For each level, there are guidelines our hospital follows, which will tell providers, managers, and patient flow coordinators the needs of the patient and the appropriate floors. This is done to ensure the acuity levels are not too intense for that unit, especially for the nurse-patient ratio on that unit. Along with setting limits regarding the units and patient level of care, there are also patient acuity tools utilized. Patient acuity tools have been proven useful with the formulation of proper nurse to patient ratios as well dispersing workloads. The purposes for nursing tools as such “increase nurse satisfaction with their patient assignment.”

Composing policies is done at many organizations and is forever changing. With established policies, the healthcare field is able to have standards in place to protect staff. Furrther, by enforcing these policies, nurses are protected from things such as assuming care of patients in what may be unsafe working environments. The American Nurses Association (ANA) is the safeguard for nurses and guides the policymakers within organizations for safe conditions. According to the ANA, federal regulations have been in placed to support nursing staff for safer working environments implying that facilities have an adequate amount of staff for patient care. The goal of policies and laws as such are necessary for the ensuring safety of the patient as well as safe workloads (Ferrer et al., 2014). Currently, there are a few states with staffing laws which is remarkable because by law that nurse is protected. The main strengths of staffing laws are that they help in enhancing the number of nurses employed annually in the healthcare sector, hence reducing patient-nurse ration in addition to protecting the rights of nurses for better healthcare (Yang, Hung, & Chen, 2015). However, the main obstacle towards this policy is that some states have failed to implement staffing laws, which makes it very hard to track down the hiring frequency and the total number of nurses in that state. As a result, the quality of healthcare tends to be affected negatively. Within such states, items such as patient acuity tools are used to help with facilitating fair-shared assignments amongst staff.

Ethical Considerations

One ethical issue when dealing with policies aimed at solving nursing shortage the laws on aging nurses and retirement. Healthcare facilities are faced with the hard decision of how to reduce the nursing shortage when the majority of nurses will be retiring in a few years. Many healthcare organizations have come up with strategies to work with nursing schools in the country where students will get absorbed after studying. It is however difficult for health institutions as they want to retain experienced nurses (Ferrer et al., 2014). Some of the policies that should address the nursing shortage should look at how the nurses are hired and the intervals of hiring to prevent the massive exit of nurses due to retirement such as the staffing laws. Aging nurses have the experience and expertise to provide quality health services. Experience in nursing will help in observing the principle of doing no harm. Experienced nurses will do little or no harm to patients. It is therefore important to consider the nursing principle of nonmaleficence when addressing the issue of nursing shortage in the country. Additionally, offering subsidized funds for students and nursing faculties will also help in solving the nursing shortage (Abhicharttibutra et al., 2017). This will help in increasing the enrollment of more students into nursing. Loan programs with no interest will also be initiated in nursing schools for registered nurses who want to enroll in advanced nursing courses. Consequently, increasing using wages will also attract more students to nursing school, which will, in turn, increase the number of nurses in the entire state

Recommendations

Given the community gap in understanding the nursing profession, improving the image of nursing in the country, by encouraging nurses to frequently communicate with the press on positive nursing aspects will help to attract more students to take up nursing courses hence curbing the nursing shortage. Consequently, nurses should be encouraged to mentor students and lure the younger generation into taking up nurses courses. It is also necessary to launch nursing professionals’ advertising campaigns through social media platform, which will support the profession. It is also important for the supervisors in health care facilities to be encouraged to offer physical and psychological support to the workers. The supervisors should also be trained frequently to improve their supervisory skills. The knowledge imparted to them during the training will include treatment of the staff favorably, being friendly to the staff and encouraging team building (Nantsupawat et al., 2017). Positive impacts of nurses will be acknowledged through recognition. A chance for the nurses to voice their view and take part in policy-making activity will be in cooperated in all healthcare facilities. As such, the nursing working environment will be friendly hence retaining most nurses in their jobs and attracting young students towards joining the profession in future. A good example is a work that has been accomplished by the America Nursing Association in protecting the rights of nurses and enhancing ethical observation in the nursing profession which has greatly led to an increase in the number of nurses in the country (Abhicharttibutra et al., 2017). The organization has also initiated several training programs and scholarships which has attracted more young generation to study nursing which will completely abolish the issue of nursing shortage in future.

References

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Abhicharttibutra, K., Kunaviktikul, W., Turale, S., Wichaikhum, O.-A., & Srisuphan, W. (2017). Analysis of a government policy to address nursing shortage and nursing education quality. International Nursing Review, 64(1), 22-32.

Buerhaus, P. I., Skinner, L. E., Auerbach, D. I., & Staiger, D. O. (2017). Four Challenges Facing the Nursing Workforce in the United States. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 8(2), 40-46.

Ferrer, J., Boelle, P. Y., Salomon, J., Miliani, K., L’Hériteau, F., Astagneau, P., & Temime, L. (2014). Management of nurse shortage and its impact on pathogen dissemination in the intensive care unit. Epidemics, 9, 62-9.

Nantsupawat, A., Kunaviktikul, W., Nantsupawat, R., Wichaikhum, O.-A., Thienthong, H., & Poghosyan, L. (2017). Effects of nurse work environment on job dissatisfaction, burnout, intention to leave. International Nursing Review, 64(1), 91-98.

Yang, P.-H., Hung, C.-H., & Chen, Y.-C. (2015). The impact of three nursing staffing models on nursing outcomes. Journal of Advanced Nursing.

Developing Organizational Policies And Practices on Nursing Shortage

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Rubric

NURS_6053_Module02_Week03_Assignment_Rubric
NURS_6053_Module02_Week03_Assignment_Rubric
Criteria Ratings Pts

Add a section to the 2-3 page paper you submitted in Module 1. For this assignment, in 1-2 pages, address the following: · Identify and describe at least two competing needs impacting your selected healthcare issue/stressor.

25 to >22.0 pts

Excellent
The response accurately and thoroughly identifies and describes at least two competing needs impacting the healthcare issue/stressor selected.

22 to >19.0 pts

Good
The response identifies and describes at least two competing needs impacting the healthcare issue/stressor selected.

19 to >17.0 pts

Fair
The response vaguely or inaccurately identifies and describes two competing needs impacting the healthcare issue/stressor selected.

17 to >0 pts

Poor
The response vaguely or inaccurately identifies and describes one competing need impacting the healthcare issue/stressor selected or response is missing.
25 pts

· Describe a relevant policy or practice in your organization that may influence your selected healthcare issue/stressor. · Critique the policy for ethical considerations and explain the policy’s strengths and challenges in promoting ethics.

30 to >26.0 pts

Excellent
The response accurately and thoroughly describes a relevant policy or practice in the organization that may influence the healthcare issue/stressor selected. …The response accurately and thoroughly critiques the policy for ethical considerations and explains in detail the policy’s strengths and challenges in promoting ethics.

26 to >23.0 pts

Good
The response accurately describes a relevant policy or practice in the organization that may influence the healthcare issue/stressor selected. …The response accurately critiques the policy for ethical considerations and explains the policy’s strengths and challenges in promoting ethics.

23 to >20.0 pts

Fair
The response is vague or inaccurate in describing a relevant policy or practice in the organization that may influence the healthcare issue/stressor selected. …The response vaguely or inaccurately critiques the policy for ethical considerations and explains the policy’s strengths and challenges in promoting ethics.

20 to >0 pts

Poor
The response is vague and inaccurate in describing a relevant policy or practice in an organization that may influence the healthcare issue/stressor selected or response is missing. …The response vaguely and inaccurately critiques the policy for ethical considerations and vaguely and inaccurately explains the policy’s strengths and challenges in promoting ethics or response is missing.
30 pts

· Recommend one or more policy or practice changes designed to balance the competing needs of resources, workers, and patients while addressing any ethical shortcomings of the existing policies. Be specific and provide examples.

25 to >22.0 pts

Excellent
The response provides one or more accurate, clear, and thorough recommendations for policy or practice changes designed to balance the competing needs of resources, workers, and patients while addressing any ethical shortcomings of the existing policies. …Specific and accurate examples are provided.

22 to >19.0 pts

Good
The response provides one or more recommendations for policy or practice changes designed to balance the competing needs of resources, workers, and patients while addressing any ethical shortcomings of the existing policies. …Specific examples are provided.

19 to >17.0 pts

Fair
The response vaguely or inaccurately provides one recommendation for policy or practice changes designed to balance the competing needs of resources, workers, and patients while addressing any ethical shortcomings of the existing policies. …One example is provided.

17 to >0 pts

Poor
The response vaguely and inaccurately provides one recommendation for policy or practice changes designed to balance the competing needs of resources, workers, and patients; response vaguely addresses any ethical shortcomings of the existing policies or response is missing. …Examples are missing.
25 pts

Resource Synthesis

5 to >4.0 pts

Excellent
Using proper in-text citations, the response fully integrates at least 2 outside resources and 2 or 3 course-specific resources.

4 to >3.0 pts

Good
Using proper in-text citations, the response fully integrates at least 2 outside resources and 1 course-specific resource.

3 to >2.0 pts

Fair
Using proper in-text citations, the response minimally integrates outside and course-specific resources.

2 to >0 pts

Poor
The response does not integrate outside and course-specific resources or no in-text citations are used.
5 pts

Written Expression and Formatting—Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction is provided, which delineates all required criteria.

5 to >4.0 pts

Excellent
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity. …A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided, which delineates all required criteria.

4 to >3.0 pts

Good
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time. …Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated but are brief and not descriptive.

3 to >2.0 pts

Fair
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60–79% of the time. …Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic.

2 to >0 pts

Poor
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity less than 60% of the time. …No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion is provided.
5 pts

Written Expression and Formatting—English Writing Standards: Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation.

5 to >4.0 pts

Excellent
Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.

4 to >3.0 pts

Good
Contains a few (one or two) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

3 to >2.0 pts

Fair
Contains several (three or four) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

2 to >0 pts

Poor
Contains many (five or more) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.
5 pts

Written Expression and Formatting: The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running head, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.

5 to >4.0 pts

Excellent
Uses correct APA format with no errors.

4 to >3.0 pts

Good
Contains a few (one or two) APA format errors.

3 to >2.0 pts

Fair
Contains several (three or four) APA format errors.

2 to >0 pts

Poor
Contains many (five or more) APA format errors.
5 pts
Total Points: 100